The Effects Of Hiv Essay

2032 words - 8 pages

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that by the end of 2008, there were 490,696 people living with an AIDS diagnoses in the United States, around 38,000 more than 2006 and the numbers continue to rise. Since 2000, the annual number of new AIDS diagnoses has remained relatively constant, with an estimated 34,993 in 2009. In total, an estimated 1,142,714 people are living with a diagnosis of AIDS in America since the beginning of this tragic epidemic. Studied show in 2009 African Americans made up an estimated fifty percent of new HIV diagnoses, whites twenty-seven percent, and Hispanics/Latinos nineteen percent. HIV has also, been diagnosed in 217 children younger than 13 in 2010, majority becoming infected through mother to child transmission. These alarming statistics continues to rise as AIDS takes fifth place as the leading cause of death in individuals ages 25 to 44(Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
Statistics show the main transmission routes among males, are male-to-male sexual contact rating at seventy-four percent, followed by heterosexual contact at fourteen percent and infected needle injecting drug use raking at eight percent. Among female adult and adolescents, an estimated eight-five percent received infection of HIV through heterosexual contact and fifteen percent through injecting drug use (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Transmitted from one person to another may only occur from person to person. These passages can contain semen and vaginal fluids exchanged through sexual contact, which is the most common route between men and women. Breast milk given through breast-feeding from a mother to her child may also be another form of transmission. Mothers may also pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy and even higher risk for passage during delivery. Blood-to-blood transaction such as a blood transfusion or sharing of infected needles may also be another form of transmission of the HIV virus. HIV is a virus and requires a living host in order to survive. Many myths reside concerning this disease but the truth of the matter is HIV, transmitted through air, insects such as mosquitoes, saliva, tears, urine or sweat, have never been proven. Casual contact such as shaking hands, sharing dishes, toilets or even causal kissing is also a myth pertaining to the transmission of HIV (Majure,1998). By decreasing high-risk behaviors such as participating in safe sex, knowing your status and avoiding drug use will decrease risks factors of HIV.
Before we can even begin to solve the HIV and AIDS epidemic, we must first educate ourselves on the disease process. HIV is a retrovirus consisting of a small strand of genetic material called RNA. Unlike bacteria, which is able to survive and reproduce on its own the HIV virus requires a living host or another living cell in order to survive. When the HIV virus enters the cell, it immediately begins to take control of its...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of HIV

The Impact of HIV/AIDS Essay

1189 words - 5 pages lives of many, many more. The AIDS pandemic has been and still is most severe in third-world countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It has impacted the economies of entire nations by crippling and killing individuals in the most productive years of their lives (“HIV/AIDS”). AIDS greatly influences the government sector, agricultural sector, private corporations, and individual households. Among those impacts, the impact on households is the most

HIV and the Condition of AIDS

1559 words - 6 pages manifestations of its side effects. Unfortunately, there haven’t yet been any breakthroughs that have allowed us to completely cure AIDS. However, scientists have made great strides in slowing the disease’s spread, and increasing the life expectancy of those who have been infected. According to an information page put together by, there are currently five classes of drugs, known as antiretrovirals that are used in the treatment of HIV. The

Reduce the Spread of HIV among IUDs

647 words - 3 pages include strategic decisions about the product, price it costs the consumer to get the product, place the product is offered, and how the product is promoted (the “4Ps”) that influence the target audience. For example, consider applying the social marketing process targeting injecting drug users (IDU) to adopt behaviors that reduce the spread of HIV. To effectively produce a campaign that targets IDUs, developers must know their audience and

HIV/AIDS Propelled the Study of Sexuality

2046 words - 9 pages The HIV/AIDS panic propelled the study of sexuality into the sociological mainstream, framing young people’s sexual relationships as an important strategy for discovering information that might minimise risk of the disease. For feminist analyses, this research simultaneously drew attention to social constructions of heterosexuality (Jackson, 1999; Allen, 2003), underlining sexual attitudes and behaviours centrally concerned around issues of

The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status

2463 words - 10 pages The Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing and Disclosure of HIV Status The universal precautions of the Centers for Disease Control do not eradicate all risk to the patient or health care provider, says Baillie et al. (p. 129). While health care providers in all institutions have been educated in universal precautions, Beck, a registered nurse, cautions that some employees have failed to comply with the recommended procedures from the Centers of

The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

1234 words - 5 pages In 1991, the world learned that one of the most iconic players in the history of basketball had tested positive for HIV (Johnson). Earvin “Magic” Johnson stood with his wife by his side and announced to the world that he had contracted this disease as a result of having unprotected sex. Johnson stated that he contracted disease from having unprotected sex and because of this, he now has to live with a disease that has changed his entire life

Children in African American Community at risk of the HIV/

2125 words - 9 pages opportunities for women, an empowered citizenry that can hold governments to account, and human rights for the most marginalized. The net benefit of such an approach is likely to be substantial, especially for those communities that are traumatized by poverty, structural violence, and the inter-generational effects of HIV/AIDS (Apisuk2008). References Apisuk, C. The History And Challenge Of HIV Prevention. The Lancet, 475-488. Retrieved May 7

The Science, Technology, and Ethics of HIV Vaccine Research

4513 words - 18 pages done a formidable job at controlling the epidemic domestically and investing in domestic prevention efforts, but without increased international cooperation and increased initiatives for developing an international vaccine product the dichotomous effects of HIV on the industrialized and developed worlds will only increase. Public and private investment, both internationally and domestically, needs to be increasingly focused on vaccine development

The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa

1379 words - 6 pages infection is frequently transmitted through unprotected intercourse with someone who has already been affected with HIV and is an increasing problem in Africa. This study focuses mainly on the causes and effects of this virus in Africa. HIV is an ongoing battle in many different parts of the world, but it has not affected any other country as strongly and perniciously than in Africa. Out of the 3 million AIDS deaths worldwide, 2.2 million

The Role of Social Support in Coping with HIV

1347 words - 5 pages explore both aspects, good and bad, to social support and discuss the stigma attached to the disease. In most cases however, social support is viewed positively and actually benefits the person suffering with HIV/AIDS. The effects of social support will also never be the same or as effective as another due to the unpredictable nature and stages of the disease. The stigma surrounding HIV/AIDS is one of the main reasons people suffering from the

HIV Vaccine Clinical Trials: The Standard of Care Debate

2293 words - 10 pages Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a retrovirus infecting approximately 35.3 million people worldwide that leads to the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV-1 selectively infects certain host immune cells, including CD4+ T cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells, resulting in the continual depletion of the host immune system (Global Report, 2013). More specifically, HIV-1 prevalence is concentrated in sub

Similar Essays

Effects Of Hiv Essay

1075 words - 5 pages According to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, The Bronx has the highest HIV infection rate in New York City. In 2013, reported 35,172 people were living with HIV/AIDS in the Bronx. Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is the final stage of HIV. This is a world wide epidemic, especially because most people living with HIV don't have access to

Aids & Hiv The Causes Effects And Types Of Possible Treatments

1406 words - 6 pages AIDS means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is past from person to person. The disease attacks the immune system which is not strong enough to fight this deadly disease. The AIDS disease has a number of symptoms and conditions that come with it. HIV causes the disease AIDS. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. A virus is a very small organism that gets into a person's body and makes a disease. The virus HIV also only affects humans

The Stigma Of Hiv/Aids Essay

3345 words - 14 pages why PLWHA may not seek proper treatment and testing from healthcare providers, counselors, and adequate information their illness. The negative psychological effects of stigma may be more severe among people with HIV/AIDS than among people with other medical conditions” (Varni et al., 2012, p.123). In addition, “self –stigma also has been linked to lowered self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, anxiety, and hopelessness (Rao et al, 2006, p. 266

The Spreading Of Hiv/Aids Essay

803 words - 4 pages they are famous for their slogan for ‘freedom’. However, many problems have also arose together with this influence as there are people who misinterpreted and misused the meaning of freedom. One of the problem rose from this is the outbreak of widespread diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This disease have developed into an international issue as it has been spreading rapidly throughout the world. The government are having difficulties to maintain the