This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effects Of The Darfur Conflict On The Neighboring Countries, The Horn Of Africa Region, And U.S. Interest

1372 words - 5 pages

The purpose of this essay is to adequately depict the current conflict in Darfur and discuss the effects that the Darfur Conflict has had on the neighboring countries, the Horn of Africa region and U.S. interest. In addition, this essay will explore how Darfur Conflict affects global concerns.
Background: Darfur is Islamic Sultanate located in the Western Region of Sudan; which is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It’s reported to be covering one fifth of the country, and has a populous between four and six million. Darfur’s geographic make up is composed of traditional Muslim Arabs located in the Northern portion of Darfur, with the southern portion consisting of “white Arabs” and Furs (People of Darfur or peasant farmers). Darfur is bordered by Libya in the North, with Chad to the west, and the Central African Republic in the south west Kordofar and the Bahr El-Gazal region borders the eastern and southern parts of Darfur. In essence Fur is the major ethnic group, hence the name Darfur. (DAR equals Abode, DAFUR meaning the abode of Fur. The rest of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic herders. Most of the farmers live close to a subsistence level. Meaning they have the minimal requirements to meet physical needs such as food, shelter, clothing and medical care in the event of an emergency. “The Fur, largely peasant farmers, occupy the central belt of the region, including the Jebel Marra massif.” There is also the non-Arab Masalit, Berti, Bargu, Bergid, Tama and Tunjur people who are sedentary farmers-farmers which usually remain in the same location. In the northernmost zone is Dar Zaghawa, part of the Libyan Sahara, and some “camel nomads” primarily Bedeyat and Zaghawa who are non-Arab in origin, and the Arab Mahariya, Irayqat, Beni Hussein and Mahamid. “Cattle rather than camels are herded by the Arab nomads of the eastern and southern zone of Darfur, who comprise the Rezeigat, Habbaniya, Beni Halba, Taaisha and Maaliyya.”
Interesting Historically facts, North Darfur and parts of west and south Darfur have experienced reoccurring droughts. The crop returns have remained relatively low and unpredictable because of pest infestation, lack of agricultural inputs, and mainly due the erratic rainfall. The water scarcity and lack of pasture has caused the livestock to dwindle tremendously. Many of the laborers working there migrated leaving behind the elderly, women and children, in search of employment. Over the years these attributing factors impacted coping capacity throughout the communities.
The Sudanese government maintains the thought that The Darfur conflict is primarily a tribal war which began early in 2003 with fighting between the Government of Sudan, and their two opposition groups; the Sudanese Liberation Movement/Army (SLMA) who were backed by Eritrea and the Justice and Equality Movement, JEM-a faction within the SLMA. The JEM faction or the minority of a larger group didn’t share the same interests or...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of the Darfur Conflict on The Neighboring Countries, the Horn of Africa region, and U.S. Interest

Piracy and Maritime Terrorism in the Horn of Africa

2957 words - 12 pages piracy in the region. The success of piracy in both ransom of vessels and crewmembers and the immediate theft and sale of goods compounds its sustainment and continued escalation. Inquiry into several existing assessments of piracy and maritime terrorism in the Gulf of Aden and Horn of Africa indicate that there is no consensus as to the potency of such threats. While acknowledgement exists in regards to isolated incidents, such as the attack on

The Conflict in Darfur Essay

1076 words - 5 pages The conflict in Darfur refers to the fighting that is happening in the western region of Sudan known as Darfur. These fights have been taking place since 2003 and have continued to today. Similarities can be made to the Rwandan Genocide; there is a government funded and armed militia that is not officially supported by the government that is killing a local population. The citizens of the region of Darfur that are being killed are not Arabic

Djibouti: Key to US Success in the Horn of Africa

1236 words - 5 pages conflict, and protect US and coalition interests (“Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa,” n.d.). The United States has strong interests in the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. This area is a large player in the war on terror. Due to the low economies and largely Muslim population in this area it is very susceptible to Islam extremism. Many areas in this region have become a safe haven for many terrorist organizations. With this in

The Effects of Colonization on African Countries

2554 words - 10 pages The Effects of Colonization on African Countries If Africa were a person, it would be a wise, young, memorable woman with a difficult past. It would be wise because of its knowledge through experience, young because of its age in comparison with other countries, memorable because of its life-long history, and a woman because of its patience and grueling work. The continent Africa, to some extent is all these things; but

The Dramatic Effects of War on Countries

908 words - 4 pages War has a dramatic effects on countries. During the Renaissance, there were many wars for territories, for religions, and for political reasons. These wars created new feeling of nationalism and gave power to the monarchy in England and France. Over the course of time, from 1337 to 1459, there were many technological advances which were a resulted of the wars. One of the wars that had a major effect is the Hundred Year War. During the war there

The War of the Horn

746 words - 3 pages advantage of the inflating price of their horns, but conservation efforts are being implemented to combat this epidemic from reaching the breaking point. The rhino is getting victimized in Africa and Asia for it's precious horn. But why is the horn of a rhino so valuable? "Traffic, a wildlife trade monitoring network, found most of the horn trade now leads to Vietnam, a shift that coincided with a swell of rumors that a high-ranking Vietnamese

The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa

1069 words - 4 pages countries (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). Africa is the content with the most French speakers -- more than a quarter of a billion -- and is viewed as “the future of Francophone culture”. Besides language, however, other aspects of France can be found -- that is, mainly in the form of political ideologies. France is a secular country and its influence has allowed that trait to be “passed on” to the African countries in which it prevailed during

Direct Action in the Sahel Region of Africa: Military Aid

1174 words - 5 pages In 1992, the United States created an army of 30,000 troops to conduct humanitarian tasks. The mission was an overall failure, and instead of promoting peace, it began to spark war (Ploch 1). This failure brings up the controversial nature of what policy needs to be prioritized first. Two main policies that the United States implements are military aid and development assistance. The instability in the Sahel region of Africa demand military

Effects of Falling Interest Rates on the Canadian Economy

768 words - 3 pages outcomes that may be caused by the low interest rates.The interest rates in Canada are at their lowest since 1963, and are expected to fall even more. There is a benefit to consumers; thousands of dollars have been slashed off mortgages ($3000 less/yr on a $100 000 mortgage) and hundreds ($500 less/yr on a $15 000 car) from the costs of financing a car purchase. The Bank of Canada decision to reduce the prime rate made way for cheaper loans for

Ethiopia’s Conflict in the Ogaden Region of Somalia Regional State

1215 words - 5 pages escalating tensions in the region both sides continue to employ tactics that are viewed by the international communities as war crimes. The conflict between the two organizations is impacting the efforts that the US is trying to conduct in Ethiopia and the humanitarian effort going on in Somalia. I am going to give a few examples of the ongoing issues and try and determine if there is a peaceful resolution to the conflicts. According to Seid

Compare and Contrast of the effects of imperialism of the west on Africa and India

1269 words - 5 pages that Africans had once held so precious. Relationships were broken between tribes and cultures. One example of the violence that went on during this time was the dispute over South Africa. The Boers, Zulu, and British all clashed over the land and abundant resources found in Southern Africa. The British adopted a Forward Policy in the region that would hopefully bring the various British colonies, Boer republics and independent African groups

Similar Essays

The Threat Al Shabaab Poses To United States Interest In The Horn Of Africa

1539 words - 6 pages strength, influence, and potency to the country of Somalia. The organization has proven its ability to control southern Somalia and areas of Mogadishu while also executing operations throughout the Horn of Africa through. As the U.S. maintains focus on the threat of armed conflict and maritime threats in the region, al-Shabaab continues to pose a threat through weapons trade. According to the U.N. Security Report 2012, “The short-term goal

The Effects Of Darfur Genocide Essay

1025 words - 5 pages If we were as aware of the ongoing events that are place in Darfur as some of us are towards the likes on Instagram and Facebook, we may be able to change the outcome of a whole country. Darfur is a region in western Sudan, that is unfortunately being exposed to the true meaning of Genocide; an intentional, orderly abolition of a specific ethnic group. The conflict began between Northern and Western Sudanese has not been recent but rather an old

Refugees And Internally Displaced Peoples Within The Horn Of Africa

1685 words - 7 pages two-thirds, or 7.7 million, are located in the Horn of Africa (Central Intelligence Agency [C.I.A.], 2011). Despite the high number of refugees and IDP in the Horn of Africa, the focus will be on Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. This paper will attempt to shed a light on the plight of refugees and IDP and their potential impact on interests of the United States (U.S.). Eritrea has the lowest number of refugees and IDP with almost 32,000

The Greater Horn Of Africa, Causes And Conflicts

1029 words - 4 pages The Greater Horn of Africa, Causes and Conflicts The Horn of Africa, Northeast Africa and sometimes Somali Peninsula, is a peninsula in East Africa that protrudes hundreds of kilometers’ into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. The countries of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia encompass the Horn of Africa (Wikipedia, 2011). Why is there so much conflict in the Horn of Africa, what are the causes