The Return Of The King By: J.R.R.Tolkien (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien)

1202 words - 5 pages

Biography of AuthorJohn Ronald Reuel Tolkien (called Ronald by his family and friends) was born on January 3, 1892, in Bloemfontain, South Africa. His parents had moved there from England so that his father, Arthur, could work for the Bank of Africa. Ronald lost both parents while still young--Arthur died in Africa in 1896, after the rest of the family had returned to England; Ronald's mother, Mabel, died in 1904 near Birmingham, England. Ronald and his younger brother Hilary came under the care of Father Francis Morgan, a friend of the family. Soon, however, Ronald went off to King Edwards School and then to Oxford University.Tolkien went to Oxford for a degree in English language and literature. He developed skills in philology, the study of languages. Spending a lot of his time studying Old English, Anglo-Saxon, and Welsh poetry, he began to develop a language of his own--the language that would base language for the world of Middle-Earth in his novels. By 1916, Tolkien had received his degree and married his childhood sweetheart, Edith Bratt. He eventually became a teacher at Oxford; by 1929, he had his fourth child with Edith. During these years, he also began his great mythology of Middle-Earth, The Silmarillion. Out of these stories came The Hobbit (1937), his first published book of fiction, this was a success and led to a sequel.From 1945 to 1959, Tolkien continued to teach at Oxford and wrote the sequel to The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings. It was published in three volumes: The Fellowship of the Ring (1954), The Two Towers (1954), and The Return of the King (1955). Even though the trilogy brought Tolkien fame, Tolkien continued work on The Silmarillion and other tales and led a quiet life. Tolkien died on September 2, 1973, and The Silmarillion was edited and published by his son, Christopher, in 1977.SynopsisAfter leaving the Riders of Rohan, Gandalf and Pippin ride to Gondor. They meet Denethor, who fells that Gandalf always brings bad news. Pippin offers his sword in service of Gondor. Meanwhile, Aragorn realizes that the Riders may not reach the city of Minas Tirith in time, and even if they do, they will not be enough to turn the course of the battle. He decides to take the Paths of the Dead. As he travels through the Paths, a huge army of the Dead assembles around him. He leads them southward.In Gondor, Denethor sends Faramir, his son, to hold off the approaching enemy at Osgiliath. He holds his position as long as he can, but ultimately must give up the field. On his way back to the city, a poisoned Nazgûl arrow strikes Faramir. Denethor locks himself in a tomb with his dieing son's body, where he plans to burn away all remains of the line of the Stewards.The army of Mordor attacks and nearly breaks through Minas Tirith's defenses, but the Riders arrive just in time. The forces of Mordor regroup after time, and again nearly win the field, but Aragorn arrives on the Anduin with a great army of men from the south. In defense...

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