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The Revolution In Scientific Thinking Essay

1005 words - 5 pages

The period between 1300 and 1600 was a time of great change in Europe. The Renaissance and many religious reformations occurred, along with many arts that transformed people’s views of the world, causing people to ask new questions. While many revolutions were taking place, another was being introduced. They called it, “The Scientific Revolution,” and it wasn’t just an ordinary revolution, it was unique because it brought a diverse new age, an age that would permanently change the way we see things in the physical world we live in.
It all started with a debate between the geocentric and heliocentric theories, and later lead to a scientific field, now known as Astronomy. Outer space research was a large field when scientific research first begun; it allowed us to see beyond the world we live in by examining the stars, moons, planets, and the galaxies. The reason the geocentric theory began to be questioned was because it didn’t show clear evidence to explain many movements of the sun, moon, stars, and the planets. This idea was brought from Nicolaus Copernicus, and he was the one to claim the earth along with the other planets revolved around the sun in a heliocentric manner. However, his evidence still did not prove his theory was true. Until decades after his death, scientists began to research his book he left behind unpublished, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies. A century and a half later, another heliocentric believer came along, a Danish Astronomer called Tycho Brahe. Brahe recorded the fascinating movements of the planets and produced tons of data based on his observations. Sadly, he did not live long enough to prove his theories correct. It was left to an assistant of his to make mathematical sense of them, and he did. His name was Johannes Kepler; he concluded that the observed movements of the planets showed that they revolved around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles. This idea agreed with Copernicus’s earlier idea and provided more evidence that the heliocentric theory was true. In 1609 the real deal came along, it was called the telescope. A man named Galileo Galilei; a Dutch lens maker invented this. With it, he was able conclude that the planets were positively heliocentric, also proving and frightening researchers and religious believers that many of their theories were incorrect.
With all the research that went into finalizing the world as a heliocentric model, scientists came up with a new method to science called, “The Scientific Method.” The scientific method is a procedure followed in order to give a theory an approval. This method usually consists of about five to six steps to follow in order to reach the conclusion. It starts off with a problem or question, after comes the observation, and then proceeding to the hypothesis. The hypothesis is an unproved assumption that will be tested in the process of an experiment and on the basis of data, which leads to an analysis, which then can sum up to a...

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