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The Revolution Of Poland Essay

1156 words - 5 pages

After the Second World War, Poland came under the control of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Army in 1944 liberated Poland from the control of Nazi-Germany. As a result, by 1948 Communism had than taken over control of the Polish government, the economy, and its social institutions. Joseph Stalin (the Soviet leader,) had become quite suspicious of the Polish citizens. He felt that it had become too difficult to replace their system with his system. He was right—Polish civilians did not want to be under the system of the Soviet Union, and so they fought back and began a revolution. Many different types of groups came together to fight the Soviets; in 1968 the intellectuals banded together and ...view middle of the document...

The members as well as other Polish civilians would wear red “elf caps” to show their membership. These red elf caps not only symbolized their resistance, but also was indicative of their passion to deal a death blow to both the Soviet Union leaders and their system. These “elves” handed out candy to other Polish civilians, sang songs, and danced around. This seemed like a harmless act, but they were still committing revolutionary acts, subtle or not. These “simple” acts infuriated the police, and they immediately began arresting these elves. The police announced to the crowds, “Please disperse! Those who do not take off their caps must show their identity cards! Please take off their caps!”(Fydrych). Then a child turned to his or her mother and said, “Mommy, why are they arresting the elves? ‘Because there are no elves in the socialist system only in capitalism,’ answers Mommy,”(Fydrch). Fydrych was explaining in his document how a seemingly harmless act could cause such an uproar and ultimately spark a revolution. He wanted to emphasize that the Soviet Union would not tolerate anything that would try to tear down their plans of controlling and governing Poland with their socialist system. This proved to the civilians of Poland how constricting the Soviet Union was and how they wanted to take away Poland’s freedom. Just as the Soviet Union would not tolerate resistance, the civilians of Poland were not going to put up with being under the thumbs of the Communists. Needless to say, the civilians of Poland continued to use various tactics as well as generate new movements to further resist the Soviet Union system.
The social movements were the long-term underlying factors that contributed to the revolution of Poland. One of the most influential and impactful social movements was “Freedom and Peace,” or WiP which was formed in Poland after 1981. This social movement organized major demonstrations and protests. According to the “The Hardest Thing to Overcome was our own Foolishness” WiP paper create these demonstrations and protests in way that they would be impactful and influential, so more Polish individuals would join them in the resistance of the Soviet Union(The Hardest Thing to Overcome was our own Foolishness). For example the woman who wrote the WiP paper described, “The boys from Gorzow’s WiP helped us enormously. They began to organize pickets, which really...

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