The Revolutionary War
In the year of 1763, the Seven Years’ war ended with the British gaining all land on the North American continent east of the Mississippi River and significant debt accumulated during the war. Prior to the Seven Years’ War, the British had little interest in the affairs of the colonies and accepted soldiers and economic resources during the war (Foner, 2012). However, the British would look to the colonies as a source of revenue generation to pay their substantial debt and fund the newly acquired land.
After the war, the British enforced previously ignored restrictions and taxes, implemented new taxes, and further limited the colonies’ ability to trade with other countries. The colonist saw this as an encroachment on their freedom and tensions between the colonist and the British began to rise. Several small conflicts occurred between the two groups leading up to the signing of The Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, by which the Second Continental Congress formally declared the United States independent from Britain rule and the war officially began. The Revolutionary War was fought on many battlefields and the cost was substantial to all groups involved. The outcome was American independence and the birth of a nation. The purpose of this paper is to review how The Revolutionary War differed from European wars, the American allies, and the cost of the war.
Characteristics of The Revolutionary War
The British boasted the most powerful navy in the world and a strong, established army. Overcoming the British would not be easy and to many appeared impossible. However, many factors contributed to the success of the colonies including the training received by during the Seven Years’ War and with local militias, the vast amount of land occupied by the colonist and the distance between the colonies and Great Britain.
In typical European wars, the war ended when the capital city was taken. However, this war was very different. There were many large cities to defeat and the majority of the population was not in the cities. When a battle was won, the British did not have enough soldiers to both defeat the colonists in the battle and occupy the area to ensure continued control. Additionally, reinforcements from Britain took months to get to the colonies and the information and strategies were typically outdated by the time they arrived (britishbattles.com, 2014). The British soldiers were in vast, unfamiliar land with ill-equipped soldiers and limited opportunity to recruit new soldiers to replace casualties. As a result,...