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The Revolutionary War Essay

1213 words - 5 pages

The Revolutionary War began April 19, 1775 with the Battle of Lexington and Concord. British troops devised a plan to march from Boston to Concord to launch a surprise attack on a hidden ammunition storage, however when they arrived to Lexington they were met by armed militiamen. During this confrontation a single shot was fired, which to this day is still unknown by who. That single shot was then followed by more firing leaving eight dead and 10 wounded. After regrouping the British then continued their march to Concord destroying whatever ammunition was present on the way. At Concord’s North Bridge another fire fight erupted between the British and Colonist, leaving two Americans and three British dead. As the British began their return back to Boston they were expectantly attacked from all angles by minutemen who had been hiding and waiting for the moment; the British being slaughtered then retreated, this battle became the first battle of the Revolutionary War.
There were many events that lead to the Revolutionary War, the first being The French and Indian War. The French and Indian war begin in 1756, this war was between England and France for colonial domination in North America. During this war the Colonist were forced by British to join in and defend Great Britain although they had an established trade relationship with the French and the Indians, this created an issue. After the British defeated the French, the French departed and this left the Indians outraged; the fighting between the Indians, the British and the Colonist continued until an order was issued by the British called the Proclamation of 1763. The Proclamation of 1763 banned Colonist from settling in the West, this land was to be saved for their allies, the Indians. This order was also directed to stop trade between the Indians and the Colonist. After the order was issued the British began to focus on the effects of the war which accumulated an outstanding debt and almost destroyed their government. So in turn the British felt the Colonist were subject to help pay of the debt because they were British subjects. This created a mistrust and led to an uprising from the Colonist.
In an effort to strengthen their close to failing Government and find revenue, George Grenville, the first Lord of Treasury (1763-1765), created the Sugar Act of 1764, this Act taxed all sugar and toughened enforcement policies. However in the end the Sugar Act was still not enough to help pay off Britain’s debt. While in his position Grenville passed a series of Laws such as the Currency Act (1764), which forced colonies to use British money, the Quartering Act (1765), which forced people to give up their homes to British Soldiers, and last but not lease the Stamp Act (1765), this law taxed all paper or anything being mailed. The Colonist rejected this Act because it opposed their right to tax themselves which was approved by Parliament. Americans began to protest and riot in an attempt to stop the...

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