The Rh Factor Essay

1294 words - 6 pages

Falling off bikes, or just running around stumbling as kids is probably the first time anyone ever saw their own blood. Flowing red stuff that came after a lot of pain, no big deal. The second time, maybe a blood truck asking for donations, or maybe watching some horror movie. Either way blood itself is not something that stays on the mind, unless of course you’re hematologists (Physicians that study blood). Strange as it is, people do study blood and it is an important subject. I find it interesting though, that something so important and most people don’t know anything about it. It really wasn’t too long ago where blood actually started to make sense to people. In the process of ...view middle of the document...

What Problems could this cause? Firstly, think of blood transfusions. Though people that are Rh-positive can take blood from someone that is Rh-negative, someone that is Rh-negative cannot take the blood of someone that is Rh-positive. The Rh-negative blood will build antibodies against the Rh-positive blood, treating it like a virus. This was a breakthrough in the 40’s. WWII was happening, and the amount of soldiers being wounded was astonishing. In the publication "Blood Use in War and Disaster: Lessons From the Past Century", Hess, J.R., and M.J.G. Thomas writes, “Approximately 500,000 units were sent in 13 months reaching a maximum of 62,000 units in March 1945. This rate, 2000 units a day, is the highest rate of blood shipment in US military experience." Imagine how many more deaths there would have been if this understanding of the Rh factor didn’t emerge just a couple years prior.

Staying on the topic of transfusions, to find out someone’s blood type isn’t always an expedient activity. It can actually take up to thirty minutes. In emergency situations a person may not have thirty minutes. In fact some cases require emergency personnel to react within minutes if not seconds to get a patient blood before they go into shock. Since every single blood type can accept O negative without complications, the patient will receive O negative until the personnel are able to find the patient’s real blood type. With O negative being a universal donor it is one of the most requested at hospitals and blood banks. That being said it’s usually the one that has a shortage since it’s in constant need and not the most common blood type. O negative is so important that scientists have actually been working on ways to turn A/B blood into O negative. In the article, “To horizon: The Use of Synthetic O Blood Group in Practical Substitutive Therapy” Lupu, Anca Roxana writes, “The enzymatic conversion processes represents an achieving of producing universal red blood cells. This discovery opens new perspectives for the blood supply, enhancing the safety of clinical transfusions.” With only a 6.6% of U.S. population, and roughly 3% of the world’s population being O negative with a possible decrease each year, being able change blood to a universal blood type could be the next big break through. Crazy concept, yes, but it is being worked on.

Besides the importance of transfusions and blood supplies, there is another daily battle being fought. That battle is with everyday women; women that want to bear a child. Just like a blood transfusion, the same thing happens during pregnancy when women that are Rh-negative get pregnant by men...

Find Another Essay On The Rh Factor

Harmfull Effects of Pollutants of Drugs on a Developing Fetus

2008 words - 8 pages unless the unborn baby receives an extremely large dose of radiation.Rh Incompatibility. Approximately 90 percent of people are born with a substance on their blood cells known as the Rh factor. People who have this factor on their blood cells are called Rh-positive, those without it are called Rh-negative. Problems can occur in the fetus if the mother is Rh-negative and the fetus is Rh-positive. Normally, some fetal blood escapes from the placenta

The History of the Sign for Addition

1168 words - 5 pages qualified with a plus sign to indicate the presence of the Rh factor. For example, A+ means A type blood with the Rh factor are present. And A- means A type of blood without the Rh factor present. With the plus sign it is easier to tell a difference between a blood type with or without Rh factor present. Another way the plus sign was also known was the cross with arms of equal length. It is an extremely old ideogram used in most cultures. The cross

Role of ABO and RH type in Platelets Transfusion

531 words - 2 pages It is important to take into consideration the compatibility of platelets when they are transfused into a patients. Unlike RBC transfusions, there are really no ABO compatible platelet transfusions. Platelet transfusions should be classified as either ABO identical or non identical. Subsequently, whenever a problem arise with platelets transfusion it is either going to be a minor ABO incompatibility, major incompatibility or Rh

Informative Paper On Blood

1893 words - 8 pages type A had the antibody A then agglutination would take place. Agglutination is the clumping of red blood cells and would cause blood to stop circulating. This is the exact reason why it is so important to know your blood type in case you or anyone in your family needs blood. Another important factor in typing one's blood is whether they have the Rh antigen or not. 85 percent of the US population has this antigen and are deemed Rh+. The other 15

What are Red Cells?

1906 words - 8 pages significantly. The transfusion can be likened to a drug, considering the potential risks inherent in its use.G The public may expect zero risk, although this is near impossible to be the case. FROM G: Risk factor Estimated frequency per unit transfused Deaths per million units Acute Haemolytic Reactions 1 in 250,000 to 1 in 1,000,000 0.67 Hepatitis B 1 in 450,000 <0.5 Hepatitis C 1 in 32,000,000 <0.5 HIV 1 in 5,000,000 <0.5 HTLV 1 in 12,500,000

Blunt Trauma in Pregnancy

1754 words - 7 pages increases during pregnancy but the plasma increases at a greater amount then erythrocytes. Blood typing and cross matching. Rhesus factor (Rh) status should be determined. In Rh-negative pregnant women, administration of RhoGAM is unnecessary after insignificant superficial injury confined to an extremity. After any other trauma, the immune globulin should be administered within 72 hours to all Rh-negative women, including those who are at less than 12

The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Test Before Marriage

2796 words - 11 pages . This is because; the parents may have different Rhesus factor. Schick et al. had mention (in Sebija Izetbegovic 2013) Rh D negative people do not have the D antigen in the Caucasian population, 85% of people are Rh positive and 15% Rh negative. The frequency of Rh negative women than is more common for Caucasian women (15%) than African American (5%) and is less common in Asian women. This shows that men with Rh positive have possibility

mental health

2444 words - 10 pages prevents isoimmunization, which otherwise could result in hemolytic disease of the newborn (erythroblastosis fetalis) affecting subsequent pregnancies; administered whenever maternal and fetal blood intermingling hemorrhage possible (if mother is Rh negative father is Rh positive such as aminocentesis or other trauma fetomaternal hemorrhage, full term delivery, miscarriage abortion, ectopic pregnancy, side effects: injection site discomfort, low

Acupuncture

1494 words - 6 pages meridian liver. This meridian accounts for ten of the fourteen. The other four aren’t connected to the natural elements and are the ren, du, pericardium, and the triple hitter. Another factor that used in acupuncture is heat. Needles and heat go together and stimulate the body together. Moxibustion is a form of heat (RH). In modern acupuncture, an infrared light is used to form heat during a treatment. Heat is needed in order for the treatment

The Pros and Cons of Prenatal Screening

1335 words - 5 pages and genetic test and aim to determine if the pregnancy is at a higher risk for a particular birth defect. The earliest prenatal test is the blood testing. It is used to determine the blood type and Rh factor of a mother and the fetus. This is to prevent the complication caused by antigen-antibody reaction of Rh group of the mother and the fetus which may lead to haemolytic anemia. Besides that, blood test is also able to detect some of the blood

Geography Themes

664 words - 3 pages France. This migration led to an increase of population, which was a key factor in establishing the colonies. According to the World Book 2000 Millennium Edition, in the 1700's, the population was about 250,000. By 1775, the population rose to an astounding 2-½ million people.With this migration to the new world, people brought new ideas. Many laborers came, like merchants, and contributed to economic prosperity. If one desires economic

Similar Essays

Rho Immune Globulin And Rh Incompatibility

1132 words - 5 pages man with the golden arm”. (Sumitra, 2014) What is Rh? Rhogam is given when a pregnant woman is found to be Rh negative. Rh is the abbreviation for Rhesus and Rhesus is the name of a blood group system. Within the Rhesus system itself there are several different Rh factors or antigens. The first of these factors is the D factor. This determines if a person is Rh positive or Rh negative. This D factor can also be known as Rho (D). Rh

The Importance Of Prenatal Care Essay

2138 words - 9 pages early stages. Blood types are another important aspect of prenatal care. It is important to know your own Rh blood type, as well as the father’s Rh blood type in order to assure safe delivery of the baby. The Rh factor in a person’s blood is a red blood cell surface antigen that causes Rh incompatibility when an Rh-negative mother is exposed to an Rh-positive fetus (Salem, 2014). However, most mothers do not have antibodies to the Rh-positive blood

Hearing Impairment And Learning Disability Essay

597 words - 3 pages the developing fetus. The virus attacks developing tissues and organs of the embryo, rendering them defective. The virus can remain active for six to eighteen months following birth continuing to affect the developing infant. Rh factor also known as “mother-child blood incompatibility,” is another common etiology of hearing loss. Certain combinations of paternal blood type that involve Rh factor incompatibility can result in the mother’s blood

Human Blood Type Inheritance Essay

906 words - 4 pages . The antigens for ABO blood types can also exist in other fluids such as saliva, tears and urine. The antibodies corresponding to the ABO blood group antigens exist on the blood plasma before finding their way to the red blood cells (Daniels, 2008). Incompatibilities between the blood of the mother and that of the fetus can lead to fatal conditions called hemolytic anemia. Some people produce a protein called Rh factor on the surface of the red