Education is a elemental human right and essential for all other human rights. It is a powerful tool by which socially and economically marginalized children and adults can lift themselves out of poverty. It also consists of the right to freedom of education. Freedom of education is the right given to human beings to have access to the education of their preference without any constrictions. Right to education is a human right recognized by the United Nations. It includes the entire compulsion to eliminate inequity at all levels of the educational system.
The rights to education are separated into three levels:
• Primary (Fundamental or Elemental) Education- This type of education must be free and compulsory for any child apart from of their gender, social origin, nationality, color or any other discrimination.
• Secondary (Professional, Technical, and Elementary) - Education must be usually accessible, acceptable, adaptable and available.
• Higher Education (University Level) – It should be provided according to aptitude. That is, if anyone meets the essential education standards should be able to go to university.
According to article number 14 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and article number 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) “Everyone has right to education”, and:
Education should be free, at least in the fundamental and elementary stage, and also elementary education should be compulsory. Higher education should be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Professional and technical education should be made generally available.
Education should promote friendship, understanding and tolerance...