In this report I am going to talk about the rights people have to privacy and about the laws that go with privacy. Privacy is the thought that information that is confidential that is disclosed in a private place will not be available to third parties when the information would cause embarrassment or emotional distress to a person.
The right of privacy is limited to people who are in a place that a person would reasonably expect to be private such as home, hotel room and even a telephone booth. People think they should be protected by privacy when the conversation is private and should not be heard by others, and the same with going through a persons person things.
In the history of privacy laws legal concepts like ownership of real property and contracts originated many years ago now are in law. The right to privacy has now gotten legal recognition and is an evolving area of law.
Early invasions of privacy could be treated as trespassing, assault, or eavesdropping. A reason that privacy is not seen as a fundamental right is that most modern invasions of privacy are with new technology. Before they invented of certain things a person could be certain that their conversation is in private. Before the invention of computer databases, a person might invade another persons privacy by collecting information from interviews and transactions, but the difficulty of collecting such information makes it hard to harm a large number of people. That is why storing information in on paper makes it hard to use information to harm people because it is disorganized.
Today, because privacy is a emerging right, a discussion of privacy is usually consists of a list of examples where the right has been recognized. Privacy can be talked about in the nature of the right and the source of the right. There are four rights in the USA, unreasonable intrusion such as physical invasion, appropriation of a persons name or likenesss, publication of private facts such as income tax data or sexual relations, and publication that places a person in a false light, and the only one that is widely accepted in the US is the second one. A person might also recover under intentional infliction of emotional distress, assault, or trespass. Unreasonable intrusion only applies to secret invasions of privacy. An open invasion would be public and the victim could then chose not to reveal private information. Other privacy rights are contained in criminal statutes such as: interception of conversation in a house or hotel room is eavesdropping, one has privacy for contents of an envelopes sent by first class US Mail, one has a right of privacy for contents of a telephone conversation, telegraph messages or electronic data by wire, one has a right of privacy for contents or a radio...