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The Rise And Fall Of Islamic Spain

1085 words - 5 pages

Granted the people seek religion for means of peace and conflict resolution, it is widely believed that misinterpretation of religion is one of the fundamental reasons for evolution of war all around the world. History proves this by innumerable war and evolution incidents, one of them occurring in what we call now Spain.
Over a thousand years ago, Sothern Spain was home for Jews, Christians and Muslims living together, intertwining and establishing the best of their land by different means. Unfortunately, this reunion was vanished and lost forever.
In the 6th century, mild hatred aroused towards the Jews from the Visgothic Christians. Despite the peace and the relative freedom the Jews once encountered, the Christians began to persecute them and force them to convert to Christianity as they were a force of threat. Those 2 faiths struggled, one for survival and one for dominance.
In the other hand, a prosperous religion now known as Islam began its conquest in the Middle East reaching North Africa. There the Islamic empire gathers strength converting large number of native tribesman called “Berbers”. The Berbers started advancing their physical skills while an Islamic leader known as Tariq Bin Ziad set his eye on the vulnerable Visgothic Spain aiming to send the message of Islam abroad it. In 711, ferocious Tariq Bin Ziad and his fierce warriors reached Sothern Spain facing Visigoths King for the battle of Guadalete. The Muslim empire conquered the Christians, thus bestowing the Muslims a new land.
In the Islamic conquest, Muslims conquered large areas consisting of distinct religion members. Muslims believed that all religions should be treated respectably; hence Jews and Christians followed their religion given that a tax was paid in exchange. The political threat didn’t occur from minorities but from other Muslims causing the dynasty to splinter rather than emerge.
To heal this dilemma, Abdurrahman, the prince of a royal family tries to quell the tension between the Muslim factions and form a rebellion revolution. Excelling at this, Abdurrahman became the ruler, hence making Cordoba the capital of his kingdom.
For decades, Al Andalusia was powerful, prosperous and undefeatable. It had an extraordinary spirit and immense contribution to the development of modern civilization. It showed examples of interchange, creativity and trade development. It flourished economically, socially and scientifically addressing vital scientific and technological aspects. Moreover, many significant landmarks were constructed such as the The Cordoba Mosque, Madrasah Of Granada and the beautiful Alhambra Palace in Granada.
The flourishing of Al Andalusia was incredible, but as we all know all things must come to an end. When the last Umayyad caliphate, Al-Mansur Bin Abi Amir died in 1002, the Muslim kingdom was left with no central authority to unite its people thus individual rulers attempted to create...

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