This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rise And Fall Of Muslim Empires

1743 words - 7 pages

In Islamic history, various events have occurred in different time periods that have led to the rise and fall of Muslim empires. Muslim kingdoms flourished in a cultural, social, religious, political, and intellectual aspect in their time periods, due to Thanks in large part to religious and political conflict between Muslims, whether they be Sunni or Shia,

Identify the major periods and empires in Islamic History. You must use at least two academic (non-digital) sources. For each of these periods or empires, you must identify the dates, major locations, major leaders, and major events. You must identify at least 7 periods and/or empires.

The Umayyad Empire came to rise in Damascus under ...view middle of the document...

This time of conflict from 656-661 is referred to as the First Fitna, and is so significant, that it is considered to be like the end of a Golden Age in the history of Islam (Hawting 24). The Fitna gave rise to the Umayyad Caliphate and stressed the division of the major Muslim sects of Sunni and Shi’ism. After Ali’s assassination in 661, Muawiya persuaded Ali’s supporters to accept him as Ali’s successor, as opposed to Ali’s son, Hasan, and established himself the first caliph of the Ummayad Empire.

The Abbasid Empire overthrew the Umayyad Empire, except for in the al-Andalus region, in 750 A.D, and was created by Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, one of Prophet Muhammad’s uncles. Since 718, members of the Quraysh tribe from the Banu Hashim clan worked towards gaining control of the empire. After a revolt in 747, Marwan II, the last Umayyad caliph, was defeated and Abū al-ʿAbbas assumed caliphate. The Abbasid Empire really seized power after the Battle of the Zab, when they defeated the Umayyad Empire with the help of Shia, Abbasid, and Persian soldiers, and relocated the capital from Damascus to Baghdad in 762. The Abbasid Empire flourished with great success for two whole centuries, until it finally declined in 1258.

In 909, the Fatimid Empire was established in North Africa by Fatimids, the direct descendants of Prophet Muhammad through Fatima, his daughter. In 969, the Shia Ismaili Fatimids conquered Egypt and made Cairo the capital, resulting in Egypt to become a culturally, religiously, and politically diverse center. Aside from being a political group that followed the path of Ali, the Fatimids were also strongly grounded in the practice of Ismailism. Muslims had been divided politically between those who believed Ali’s progeny should maintain political power, and those who elected Abu Bakr as the caliph of the Muslim community after Prophet Muhammad’s death. Muslims who considered Ali as Prophet Muhammad’s rightful successor became known as Shia Muslims, and those who believed in Abu Bakr, which today is a large majority of Muslims, became known as Sunnis. However, there is another split in in the sect of Shi’ism. There is a Shia group known as “Ismailis” that accept Ismail Ibn Jafar as the seventh Imam, while a majority of Shias believe in Musa ibn Jafar. Ismailis also believe in Imams, who they claim are divine beings that are hereditary leaders from Mowla Ali’s family. A majority of the affluent and authoritative figures in the era of the Fatimid Empire were Ismaili. This split in the Shia sect led Ismailis to develop new and unconventional ideas, such as that of the Imam, that contrasted from the status quo of a “typical” Muslim empire. During this time period, many missionaries traveled to different areas to spread Ismailism and support for the Fatimid rulers and beliefs. One famous convert is Persian poet and philosopher Nasir-i-Khusraw. In 1094 A.D, the Isma’ili Fatimid Caliph, al-Mustansir passed away, and his youngest son,...

Find Another Essay On The Rise and Fall of Muslim Empires

The Rise and Fall of the McEmpire

1106 words - 4 pages his book Fast Food Nation, author Eric Schlosser documents the founding of McDonald's and its rise to a global empire starting in the 1950s.In the beginning, McDonald's Ray Kroc sought opportunities to partner with a growing co-empire, Disney. Reportedly rebuked by the House of Mouse, McDonald's set its own course in targeting "kidsumers."McDonald's took a slightly different approach than grand theme parks and affable mice. Clown spokesman Ronald

Fall Of Empires Essay

1120 words - 5 pages Looking back through history on the classic civilizations, one will observe many strong and powerful empires. Empires such as the Romans, Greeks, Gupta, and the Han, all seemed so dominate and indestructible. However, as time has told, all these great empires have fallen into the history books as greatness that has passed. What is it that caused these great empires to fall, was it the results of external factors such as invasion, or the spread

The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain

1085 words - 5 pages , ferocious Tariq Bin Ziad and his fierce warriors reached Sothern Spain facing Visigoths King for the battle of Guadalete. The Muslim empire conquered the Christians, thus bestowing the Muslims a new land. In the Islamic conquest, Muslims conquered large areas consisting of distinct religion members. Muslims believed that all religions should be treated respectably; hence Jews and Christians followed their religion given that a tax was

The Rise and Fall and Rise of Queen

663 words - 3 pages Q1 The "Queen of the Kitchen's" initial public relations response to her dire situation was complete silence, public withdrawal, and indifference as she let her lawyers do all the talking for her. To me, this move from a public relations standpoint can be characterized as being impersonal and cold. And then when Martha finally did decide to personally publicly acknowledge the ordeal via her website, she vehemently announced her innocence. This

Rise and Fall of the Cold war

1102 words - 4 pages bring forth the following points: Rise of the Cold War, events in and because of the Cold War, and the fall of Russia.Again Germany had been thwarted in its plans of total domination. It had been a combined effort by all the Western powers and a few Eastern powers too. England was devastated, France had been literally burnt to the ground, and many small nation had suffered economic failure. To the East Russia had suffered many losses from the vain

Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

1094 words - 4 pages The Romans were on one of the greatest people of all. They had power, wealth, and even a half of the world. They built one of the strongest and vast empire that world has ever seen. They came from nothing to something awesome. It started of as a city and ended up being one of the greatest empire of all. This essay is going to focus on the Roman Empire from the rise to the fall and the government, architecture, mythology, Family Structure, and

The Rise And Fall Of Enron

956 words - 4 pages The Rise and Fall of Enron The objective of every company is to maximize profit, become a big player and remain viable. Enron was no exception the key players at the time were Kenneth Lay CEO, Jeffery Skilling who was hired by Lay in 1990 to head the Enron Finance Corporation and by 1997 Skilling was made President and Chief Operating Officer. Andrew Fastow, CFO who was the chief financial officer of Enron. Enron merged Houston

Rise reason and fall of the crusades

864 words - 4 pages Crusades Reasons, Rise and Fall! The crusades (as they are commonly called) were the name of marches performed by the Christians, with their sole purpose being to insure the freedom of the holy lands from Islamic and other foreign religions control. There were a roughly seven important crusades and a few less notable ones. During these marches the Christians would march to jerusalem in hopes to take it back , as well as take over any town and

The Rise and Fall of A Celebrity

937 words - 4 pages In Alice Walker’s story Nineteen Fifty-Five there are numerous characters in which the reader encounters however the main two you will see is Gracie Mae Still and Traynor. This story is spoken by Gracie Mae but it depicts Traynor’s life in an indirect way. In looking at the story from a modern view this can be compared to the rise and fall of a celebrity as well as well-known celebrities today and their issues that can described using this story

Rise and Fall of the Magan Civilization

2201 words - 9 pages Rise and fall of the Magan civilization The transition of humanity from simple life which based on living in villages with small group of people in the Neolithic to establish city states and then civilizations from the Chalcolithic and the beginning of the Bronze Age ,was a tremendous leap in the history of humanity.This transition led people to improve their knowledge and promoted them to be more creative. Therefore, many inventions and

The Rise and Fall of Iridium

1150 words - 5 pages Business Information System IIThe Rise and Fall of IridiumQuestions1. Who was to blame for Iridium's failure? Why? At what point could you have known Iridium would fail?2. What is your evaluation of Iridium's system design? What impact did the choices that were made have on subsequent evolution of the venture?3. What is your evaluation of Iridium's organizational design? What changes could you have made to increase the probability of Iridium's

Similar Essays

The Rise And Fall Of Three Empires

955 words - 4 pages Robin Brundridge07/25/2014HST 111Midterm EssayProfessor MillikenMajor Developments and Changes in the Mali Empire, SongDynasty, and Chimu EmpireI chose option c. from the three choices given in the midterm essay instructions. Compare and contrast three major Empires/Cultures from three different regions (Choose at least one empire from Sub - Saharan Africa or the Americas) of the world and focus on political and economic factors. What were some

The Decline And Fall Of Empires

1294 words - 6 pages , economic burdens, dynastic successions, and external enemies, which have been known to contribute to the rise and fall of many once successful empires. One of the most common causes of the decline of an empire results from having weak military power and martial spirit. In order for an empire to be successful, that empire must present a strong will to fight or sacrifice property and life in order to defend its state. If an empire does not possess this

The Declines Of The Muslim Empires

915 words - 4 pages The Muslim empires were made up of three main dynasties, the Ottoman, Safavid, and the Mughal. These empires each had a triumphant era when they ruled and also each had a significant history of how it improved the civilization in the Middle East. Eventually these empires faced a time where their power was going into the opposite direction and they later on went into decline on the throne.The Ottoman Empire was probably the strongest dynasty that

The Fall Of The Aztec And Inca Empires

1859 words - 7 pages The Fall of the Aztec and Inca Empires In this essay I will tell how the Aztec and Inca empires ended, and also I will compare the fall of both empires, using for a point of departure the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the land of Mexico. Wherever the Spanish went always the same thing happened, from my point of view. Innocent people were killed for no good reason, cities were massacred, civilizations were destroyed or forced to