The Rise Of Fascism In Italy

645 words - 3 pages

Rise of fascism in ItalyThe end of WWII brought inflation, unemployment and talk of revolution to Italy.Peasants confiscated land they had been promised. Strikes were countered by lockout which was countered by occupying factories.Italy felt humiliated b/c of the peace treaty and the fact they didn't get Dalmatian islands and other bigger western powers treated them like doody.Gabriele d' Annunzio, Italy's most famous poet, led an expedition and took over Fiume, a port city in Dalmatian island, with an army of the unemployed, he ruled for a year. This shows how the people needed a head with nationalistic ideas.All this helped create fascism. The term comes from an ancient roman symbol of authority, being a bundle of sticks.Mussolini edited a socialist newspaper, but got fired for wanting Italy's going into the war. He created another paper, and then became Italy noisiest nationalist.Fascism was a movement and party. It used propaganda, slogans, and activism which brought unity.In 1921, elections were held under universal male suffrage, in it the socialists lost because of the split in the party, which formed a communist party. Parties with well organized masses did well. The fascists got 35 seats and decided to show they belongInstead of being "parliamentary" they used their campaign to show what they do. In it they planted bombs, beat up opponents, disrupted meetings, all while wearing black shits. They showed they like violence and intimidation and hate Marxists.In 1922, left wing unions called a general strike, black shirts grew threatening, and started taking over town council by force.While other parties tried to get a parliamentary majority, the fascists staged a march on Rome in October.Squads of party militants moved to the capital while Mussolini stayed in Milan.Parliamentary leaders called for marshal law but king victor Emanuel III refused, because the gesture of revolt had been enough to capture power.Mussolini then went to Rome, where the king invited him to join a...

Find Another Essay On The Rise of Fascism in Italy

Causes in the Rise of Italian Fascism: 1870 to 1922

3635 words - 15 pages " social, political and economic integration, and to get the Italian people to accept and support the state, and feel a communality of purpose and interest with it," or, as Massimo D'Azeglio so eloquently put it: "We have made Italy, now we must make Italians..." (Lintner, 2001, p.172) This task was to prove so difficult for the Liberal state that it would actually fail, leaving room for the rise of Fascism in the 1920's and to it's chokehold on

Rise of Fascism and Communism in Europe

764 words - 3 pages In the 1930s the rise of fascism and communism in Europe and the expansion of the German and Italian empire and also the expansion of Japanese empire in Asia saw the United States move from a policy of isolationism to supporting traditional allies and defending democracy. The United States became directly involved in World War 2 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.The rise of fascism in Europe began when Germany turned to Adolf Hitler, an

How the Coming and Going of Fascism affected the Tourism Industry in Italy

1707 words - 7 pages of Fascism. Italy had remained a poor country during Fascism, destroying the progress after the First World War and eventually coming out of it after Fascism with the knowledge of the need for international currency in the economy. The economy and the people of Italy all were affected by the need and growth of tourism during the rise and fall of the Fascist regime. The arrival of the First World War had a huge impact on the tourism business of

Benito Mussolini and the rise of fascism.

1038 words - 4 pages . Hitler and Mussolini supported each other, however as the years went by, Benito Mussolini became more and more influenced by Hitler. The rise of Benito Mussolini and his political party played a critical role in the growth of fascism as well as Italy's decision to side with Germany in World War 2.Before Benito Mussolini and his fascist regime came to power, Italy was in a horrible state. Italy had suffered badly during the First World War having

Who in Italy Gained from Fascism

1340 words - 5 pages Who in Italy Gained from Fascism The word Fascism comes from fasces, the bundle of elm or birch rods from which an ax projected that was carried before Roman magistrates. These fasces indicated the magistrates power to decapitate. Fascism is actually defined as " a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation, and often race, and stands for a centralized autocratic, often militaristic government

The Difficulty of Liberal and Democratic Politicians to Oppose the Rise of Fascism in the Years 1919-1922

994 words - 4 pages The Difficulty of Liberal and Democratic Politicians to Oppose the Rise of Fascism in the Years 1919-1922 Liberal politicians found it difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism because of the various problems in Italy which they did not tackle. These include the widespread discontent over the result of the war and the ‘mutilated’ victory, the economic dislocation brought about by the war, the socialist threat in the two red

The effects of the first world war on Italy and the growth of Fascism

524 words - 2 pages The national elections of November 1919 were the most significant in Italy since the political and territorial reunification of 1870. These were the first elections to take place under mass political democracy. All men were given the vote and the electoral law of August 1919 meant that a system of proportional representation was in place.The idea of mass democracy was very different to what had been in place since unification in 1870 to 1912

How accurate is the claim that the effects of WWI were the most important reason for the rise of totalitarian governments in Italy during the period to 1939?

1164 words - 5 pages The rise of totalitarian governments in Italy became a decisive issue in the history of Italian politics. Many historians believe that the effects of the First World War were the most important reason for the rise of these fascists. However the war simply accelerated the necessity for a new and reformed government. Many factors existed before the war and the First World War simply highlighted the necessity for change. In addition, without the

The History of Gothic Architecture in Italy

1692 words - 7 pages Architecture in Italy shows the gradual transition from simple Roman work to Romanesque and Byzantine and lastly to Gothic architecture. In Italy Gothic had no much impact on career perspective like it had in other part of Europe, liken France, Germany and England. Gothic Architecture in Italy led to constant knowledge of grand works of classic period which the influence was from the East. The first buildings used for worship in Italy had no

The Rise and Fall Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy

1163 words - 5 pages After the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, the peace agreement between the allies and central powers of the Great War, new republics and Constitutional Monarchies arose from the ashes of the empires of Europe. Within a few years, some governments of Europe stood on the verge of collapse based on unfair treaties, weak governmental institutions, poor economic conditions, and despair of its citizens. Amidst the situation, began the rise of Ultra

A history of the institutionalisation of violence in Italy.

2136 words - 9 pages Examining the Renaissance and early modern period of Italian history, violence can be considered to have become institutionalised within Italy due a number of political, economic, and social shifts. This institutionalisation was the result of a fluctuating socialised culture of continued violence embodying a vehement history, traditions, individualism, competitiveness and factionalism. Violence could only result in being cumulatively

Similar Essays

Discuss The Rise And Consolidation Of Fascism In Italy.

2301 words - 9 pages committee to reform the constitution, and in October 1925, a failed assassination attempt gave Mussolini the chance to ban the Socialist party. Then in January 1926, Mussolini's rule became law when he was granted the right to issue decrees carrying the full force of the law. Parliament no longer had a say in what went on and Il Duce, had established his Dictatorship.BIBLIOGRAPHY :ITALY: LIBERALISM and FASCISM 1870 - 1945, Mark Robson, 2nd Edition, 2000.The Rise of Italian Fascism, Andrew Boxer, 2000.Italian Fascism. Its origins & development, Alexander De Grand, University of Nebraska Press, 1982.Modern Italy, Denis Mack Smi

Compare And Contrast The Rise And Forms Of Fascism In Germany And Italy

1003 words - 4 pages , however in Italy, and in Germany, Fascism became the government of choice in the post World War One era. How is it possible that a government, which at its core denies basic civil right, could become popular in the eyes of the masses? This paper will show the rise and forms of Fascism in Italy and in Germany.In Italy starting in 1920, many were disgusted by the terms of the peace treaties specifically the lack of territorial gains. In addition too many

The Rise Of Fascism Due More To The Personality Of Mussolini Than The Failures Of Liberal Italy

1550 words - 6 pages The Rise of Fascism Due More to the Personality of Mussolini than the Failures of Liberal Italy In 1922, Mussolini became the prime minister of Italy. This meant the end of Liberal Italy, and the rise of Fascism. Mussolini managed to do this because of his incredible personality, one which helped him be an excellent politician. On the other hand, Liberal Italy failed to fulfill national expectancy, also helping in the rise

Finding Fascism: Fascism Defined In The Context Of Mussolini’s Italy And Nazi Germany

1510 words - 7 pages communication between the classes, and the implementation of economic stability, Rocco hoped to create a system that would strengthen Italy from the inside out. The second period of Italian fascism primarily saw the party seize 400 seats in the legislature with the support of the people. Subsequent to this power accruement, the third period of Italian fascism saw a significant shift in the Italian fascist movement as Adolf Hitler and his anti