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The Rise Of Sociology Essay

852 words - 4 pages

The rise of sociology as being an intellectual discipline is directly explained by the influence of the enlightenment. The enlightenment, which is also known as the age of reason, took place between the 17th and 18th century. This time period is time period where intellectual movement originated. Between these two centuries the prominent figures of sociology emerged with classical theories that are now the foundation of sociology. These people who are now viewed as social theorist consist of but are not limited to Karl Marx, Auguste Comte, Emile Durkheim, etc. it wasn’t until the 19th century, after the enlightenment, that Comte “the father of sociology” came along and devised the term ...view middle of the document...

” (Ashley,Orenstein,8)
Newton also viewed studying science was a way of paying respect to God. By grasping Descartes’ and Newton’s idea of seeing the physical and social world with reason by using the scientific method and not just threw the dogma of religion, allowed the social science to rise as an intellectual discipline. On the other hand, there were others that held opposite beliefs of Descartes and Newton. Social Theorist such as Auguste Comte and Sigmund Freud held the opposite opinion. These individuals did not see how people could view the universal natural laws through coherent analysis. For Comte and Freud, a society needed to have the structure of a tradition in order to flourish instead of believing in the idea of free thought and self-destructing. The contradicting ideas between those on different sides of the spectrum is proof that the enlightenment was necessary. Pre-enlightenment, individuals would have never formulated thoughts using rationality. Instead, they would rely on the church to tell them what was right and what was wrong. Whether pro enlightenment or anti-enlightenment, sociology is a science founded upon logic and understanding. Without the enlightenment these characteristics would have never come to light.
By creating a new way of thinking, the enlightenment also allowed for there to be social evolution. A plethora of sociologists are certain that all societies undergo a similar series of changes, evolution, at some point in time but at different times of their existence (Ashley, Orenstein.11). The enlightenment caused there to be as massive social change in Europe, going from an urban nation to a rural nation (Ashley,...

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