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The Rise Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

2952 words - 12 pages

The Rise PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 11
The Rise of Artificial IntelligenceLiving in a world in which artificially intelligent robots have become part of our everyday life where not only they clean the house, cook or deliver our mail, but also write the essays, do the presentations, the jobs instead of us. Is this kind of world merely a dream that can only exist in the science fiction movies or is it in our future? Are computers or other kinds of machines able to think as we can? Is it possible that someday machines will have intelligence or have they achieved this feature before as it is claimed by some of the artificial intelligence theorists? In this paper, these questions will be discussed.Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage in the human behaviors of intelligence. AI has the ability to behave conditionally, altering itself and reacting to its environment (AITopics, 2010). It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence; however, AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable. It is entirely too difficult to define "intelligence"; people cannot yet characterize in general what kinds of computational procedures they wish to call intelligent, and what mark, if any, needs to be reached for AI to operate on its own.Early attempts at AI were neural networks modeled after the ones in the human brain (aaai.org, 2010). Success was minimal at best because of the lack of computer technology needed to calculate such large equations. The real breakthrough came with the advent of the electronic computer in 1941. Because of this, the technology was finally available to create machine intelligence. It became possible to create programs that perform difficult intellectual tasks (aaai.org, 2010).The earliest roots of Artificial Intelligence can be found in Greek mythology (Thinkquest, 2010). Most of the advancements to discovering AI from this point on until the 20th century would be philosophical groundwork; for example, in the early 17th century, Descartes proposed that humans were nothing more than complex thinking machines (AITopics, 2010). True work on Artificial Intelligence began after World War Two, when a number of people independently started to work on intelligent machines. Alan Turing, an English mathematician, invented the "Turing Test" at this time, a test that discussed conditions for considering whether a machine was intelligent; this test is still used by scientists today (M. Bowles, 2010). There have been many milestones in the quest to manufacture intelligence, such as the Deep Blue chess program defeating the world reigning champion Gary Kasparov in 1997 (Chess Corner.com, 2010). However, despite milestones such as these, research on Artificial Intelligence remains slow.The 1980's was an exciting time to be an AI scientist. People did not know upon waking up in the morning if they would hear a news story...

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