This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rise Of Wahhabism Essay

1201 words - 5 pages

Within Islam, there are sects, namely Sunni and Shi’a, and within those sects are different schools of thought. Salafism (from the word salaf, meaning to “follow” or “precede”) is a movement, rooted in Sunni Islam, based on a literalist, fundamentalist interpretation of Islam. These Muslims rely solely on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions as guides for correct Islamic practice. Everything else, they deem impure innovation. Following the same ideology, but specific to Saudi Arabia, is Wahhabism. Wahhabism has a fairly negative connotation within the Western world; however, this sect was highly influential and continues to be esteemed by the royal Saudi family.
This ...view middle of the document...

Abdel Wahhab and his adherents aimed to move away from superstitious and the spiritually divine, back to straight monotheism. Wahhabis went one step above not condoning these superstitions and innovations—they destroyed the tombs of saints, the graves of the Prophet’s companions and family, and trees and stones that acted as sites of worship.
With the political and financial support of Muhammad ibn Saud, this religious revival weaved its way into the fabric of an empire. This alliance, called the Saudi-Clerical Alliance of 1744, was the foundation for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It was comprised of the learned people of Islam and the Saudi royal family—an alliance that is still strong today. Ibn Saud’s military influence was supplemented by Abdel Wahhab’s religious legitimacy. Between the two of them, the first Saudi state was established, as was their superlative power. Their timeline of conquests was quick—they took Karbala in 1802 (destroying Husayn’s tomb in the process), occupied Mecca by 1803, and Medina in 1805 (Kamrava 64).
This new power structure was largely criticized, especially with the enforcement of controversial regulations, which were based in critical thought. Interestingly enough, the largest opponent of Wahhabism comes from other Muslim groups. Although Wahhabism is perceived as a threat to the Western world, they reforms they are in favor of hardly relate to Westernization. “Wahhabism opposes most popular Islamic religious practices such as saint veneration, the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday, most core Shiite traditions, and some practices associated with the mystical teachings of Sufism” (Blanchard). The people, mainly those in Saudi Arabia that are affected by this integration of strict religious enforcement in government, have almost no ability to change the beliefs and policies of the Wahhabi-Saudi regime. In order to carry on despite opposition, clerics issue religious judicial opinions, or fatwa, stating that the policies being carried out are sanctioned within Islam, even if they are deplored by the Saudi citizens. “The clergy, for example, issued a fatwa to justify the presence of United States troops during the Persian Gulf War” (Okruhlik).
This attempt at power-sharing did not last long—the most relevant cases of opposition to the power structure in Saudi Arabia have been from Wahhabis. Specifically, “the 1929 Ikhwan rebellion and the 1979 seizure of the great mosque in Mecca by Juhaiman al-Utaibi” (Okruhlik). Because the empire is based on the idea of religious puritanism, opposition arises when a person in power deviates from the puritanical teachings of the Qur’an and becomes corrupt.
Despite his opposition, Abdel Wahhab enacted a series of economic decisions geared towards public...

Find Another Essay On the rise of wahhabism

The Rise of Architecture Essay

1325 words - 6 pages The rise of architecture Over the past few years, countless architects have been famous because of their awe inspiring works. Most of their works inspires architects to improve their creations aesthetically. Thus creating new and more modern styles. High rise buildings, homes and structures are built, they are aesthetically enticing to the eyes and pleasing to the clients and clientele. Architects today prove that things are

Rise of the West Essay

779 words - 4 pages age of exploration facilitated the rise of Europe. It led to the Commercial Revolution in Europe, which was a period of European economic expansion. A new type of business developed in Europe and the first insurance companies developed, too. In addition, “Colonies (territories completely dominated by foreign powers) became an important aspect of mercantilist theory. A colony was a sure source of raw materials as well as a market for manufactured

The Rise of Maoism

1134 words - 5 pages Mao Zedong’s rise to political power as chairmen of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), was made possible by the failings of the GouMinDan (GMD). After the fall of the Qing dynasty, in 1911, China fell into disarray where warlords had power, rather than a national government. Sun Yat-sen began a nationalist group whose militaristic tacts allowed them to unite china under a singular party, the GMD. Despite many revolutionary promises very little

The Rise of Christianity

1261 words - 5 pages Jack LiWhy did Christianity rise?Today, thirty-three percent of the total population in the world engages in Christianity making it the most dominate religion in the world. Christianity first began in 30 C.E with only 120 cohorts. By the end of 476, Christianity had reached its pinnacle in Roman history. The Roman Empire was diminishing while the Christians were flourishing. Christianity's attractive message, movement of the Christians, and

The Rise of Discrimination

1577 words - 7 pages day for recognizing the start of the genocide. Two hundred community leaders were eliminated from the country for doing nothing wrong that day. The events were hidden from the world, and started the rise of discrimination. Many believe that Hitler was influenced by what happened in Armenia. Discrimination has caused many world conflicts including the Armenian Genocide. Works Cited 1. “Armenian Genocide” Dror Israel

The Rise of Hitler

826 words - 3 pages The Rise of Hitler During the 1920's and early 1930's Germany was trying to recover from World War. It had to pay reparations and try to rebuild the economy from bankruptcy. It was because of the weaknesses of the economy and the Weimar Government, together with the growing popularity of the Nazis that Hitler was able to become Chancellor. After the First World War, Germany was forced to establish a democratic

The Rise of Temujin

733 words - 3 pages thousands in revenge for his father’s death. Every male taller than his wagon axle was killed. The Rise of Temujin On a lovely summer’s day, Temujin set out against his anda, who had grown envious of him. Again, although his troops were outnumbered, his superior organization and battle tactics won him and his army success. The Expansion of the Empire It didn’t take long for us to give him a new title : Genghis Khan. Oceanic and Universal King

The Rise of Twitter

1093 words - 5 pages The Rise of Twitter Twitter is an online social media network that users can interact though posting tweets. Twitter has around 115 million active users and is currently in the top ten most visited websites (Twitter Statistics). Twitter has become very popular since its start in 2006. At its start, Twitter only had 140 users, but according to “Twitter Statistics,” it has grown to over 230 million users today. A study has shown that from 2011

Rise of the Machines

1111 words - 5 pages (I’ve seen it happen). With technology on the rise most of the public lose focus and indulge in it. Most people can say that they’ve seen someone accidentally walk into a pole or a sign or something while looking down at their phones. It’s surprising the things that happen when you’re zombified by a small electronic. These things are just ridiculous. If you could just for a minute or two think of how often you use or look at your phone

The Rise of Autism

1963 words - 8 pages Autism has become one of the top disabilities in California’s developmental system. Today, the rise of autism is increasing by 10 - 17 percent each year. (Madeleine 3) "The disease was first identified by child psychologist Leo Kanner in 1943 at Johns Hopkins University" (Little 2). Autism is a disorder that is usually detected within the first three years. According to the Autism Society of America, 1 in 166 individuals are diagnosed with

The Rise of the West

1449 words - 6 pages Over the past 50 years, the idea of the rise of the West has been closely re-examined. Prior to the 1950s, historians believed that the rise of the West occurred because it was destined to; because Europe is the best and strongest. It was luck, fate, and destiny that helped Europe and America reach where they are today. In the past 50 years, many historians begin to disagree. They do give credit to luck as being a factor in the rise of the West

Similar Essays

The Rise Of Sociology Essay

852 words - 4 pages The rise of sociology as being an intellectual discipline is directly explained by the influence of the enlightenment. The enlightenment, which is also known as the age of reason, took place between the 17th and 18th century. This time period is time period where intellectual movement originated. Between these two centuries the prominent figures of sociology emerged with classical theories that are now the foundation of sociology. These people

The Rise Of Hitler Essay

1787 words - 7 pages Adolf Hitler’s rise to power as Chancellor of Germany and leader of the German people is often portrayed as the result of a sweeping electoral victory. In reality Hitler’s rise was incremental, requiring (a patchwork of political support from) an assimilation of support from various demographics as well as influential political figures. An area of perpetual historiographical debate is, specifically, which demographic was more essential to

The Rise Of Christianity Essay

1158 words - 5 pages In the space of a few hundred years, a small, often brutally persecuted cult rose to become the dominant religion of the West. The story of Christianity’s rise to prominence is a remarkable one, but the traditional story of its progression from a tiny, persecuted religion to the established religion in the medieval West needs to be cut down. While the Roman Empire weakened and crumbled, a new force - Christianity - developed within it (Adler

The Rise Of Islam Essay

1072 words - 5 pages from China to Rome, allowing ideas and goods to be traded between the cultures. Trade helped them increase their income, and the also traded for the exchange of silk, ivory, perfumes, rare metals, incense, spices, and ideas such as the Islamic religion. Common trade routes of the Islamic Civilizations occurred on both land and sea allowing the Islamic Civilization to rise and flourish above other civilizations and to spread their influence during