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The Robust Imperialist Society Essay

1193 words - 5 pages

America has had history for taking land in order for the benefit of our country, better known as imperialism. In the past, expansion (which was during the first half of the 19th century) it was in vein of the Manifest destiny, land would be acquired in a radical approach. It was always “Gods will” for America to expand and take from the Mexicans for example, or whoever stood in their way. During the period of time between the late 19th century and early 20th century, America was going through immense changes. After the revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, the Americans intervened to start the Spanish-American War. In return, the Americans received several territorial concessions from ...view middle of the document...

. .” (Document E). Essentially this quote by Beveridge conveys the fact that America has the God-given duty to expand and spread its influence around the world, and the nation should not give up territory obtained in the Pacific and Asia. He expresses a view supporting the idea of Manifest Destiny and based upon that, argued that territory obtained by the U.S. in the Philippines should not be rejected to congress. he expresses the Americans’ self-recognition as God’s chosen people, a race not only blessed, but also bound by a holy duty to enlighten the rest of the world through their own expansion. Thus, the Manifest destiny became such a powerful imperialistic tool in order to achieve territorial gains. This transitioned perfectly with “The White Man’s Burden”, (described in Rudyard Kipling’s 1899 poem of this title), which questioned the social responsibility of the American race to elevate the primitive peoples of the earth. In the past expansionism, this process had been attempted by the Christian missionaries’ permeation of the Indian tribes of the west, and was continued in the nineteenth century by the United States’ – because of the alleged efforts to civilize the inhabitants of foreign territory. Josiah Strong reinforced this in his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis (Document B) as he described the holy mission of the “Anglo-Saxon race to spread civil liberty and Christianity throughout continents across the globe”. He essentially justified American imperialism with an assertion of cultural and racial superiority that had been a motivation of American expansion since the early nineteenth century. Because America always had the belief that other societies would benefit from our robust society. He reaffirms this with, “And can anyone doubt that the result of this competition of races will be the “survival of the fittest”?” This is an interesting point as he poses the survival of the fittest question with is social Darwinism. Which reiterates the holy mission of the Anglo-Saxon.
Although expansionism around the year 1900 shared some similar motivation with that of earlier decades, America had to find a way to respond the expansionism in the Pacific by other countries by strengthening its great sea power, hindering a seemingly “innocent” move by the united states for expansionism. In comparison with expansionism previously, was imperialism essentially justifiably correct? There are reasons for it to be considered both a moral and immoral thing to do. America was competing with other nations in its race to secure more territory as depicted in document A. In Thomas Nast’s...

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