The Role And Proceedings In A Court

2366 words - 9 pages

 Introduction
 The Role and Proceedings in a magistrate’s court
 The Role and Proceedings in a Crown court
 Comparative analysis
 Conclusion

The court system in the United Kingdom has continuously been changing over the year’s .In the recent past; the pace of change in court reforms has been fast, this has in turn led to some important changes within the English court system. For example, prior to the year 1979, the Lord Chancellors department (LCD) was responsible for running all the courts except the magistrate’s courts. It is during this year(1979) when the administration of magistrate courts was transferred to a state agency referred to as the court service which was earlier responsible for administering the functions of the supreme court of England and Wales, this also comprised of the court of appeal, the high court ,the crown court, county courts and several tribunals.
Magistrates Courts were under the jurisdiction of local committees that were constituted under the authority of the home office until the begriming of the year 1991.Since this year, the Lord Chancellors Department took over the running of magistrates courts. The enactment of the courts act of 2003 led to the creation of her majesty’s courts service (HMCS) as the executive agency responsible for administering the English court system. The crown court on the other part is one of the courts that constitute the senior courts of Wales and England. The administration of the crown court is overseen by the HMCS and the court mainly handles appeals for decisions referred from the magistrate courts, convicting persons who have sentenced in the crown courts, carrying out jury trials and finally, sentencing those who have been convicted in magistrate courts(Gray, 2004,p.16) This paper explores what happens in magistrate and crown courts and offers a comparative analysis of the two courts and seeks to create understanding of the role played by them in the administration of justice.
The Role and Proceedings in a magistrate’s court
The first visit by any one into a magistrate’s court will be characterized by so many questions. As Gibson and Watkins, 2009, p.10, note, a first visitor will want to know why things are done in the manner they are done. Many of the criminal proceedings begin in the magistrates courts. These proceedings range from offences relating to parking, sexual offenses, crimes committed by youthful people or juveniles and cut across to cases involving murder. Besides these hearings, Welsh, Greenwood and Banks, 2007, p.97, add that magistrate courts also carry put proceedings relating to family issues like neglect of young children and disputes between the husband and the wife. Most of the cases that are brought in a magistrates court are concluded through acquittals, conviction and sentencing by the magistrates. Magistrates do not work for a regular pay but in the course of their duties, they are given reasonable allowances...

Find Another Essay On The Role and Proceedings in a Court

Can the European Court of Human Rights continue to play a meaningful role in the protection and development of human rights across the full range

2414 words - 10 pages some of the steps taken as well as issues that remain problematic will be highlighted. Let us start with a more general debate about both nature and purpose of the European human rights system: As the overload of applications still poses one of the main problems a mechanism was introduced in order to avoid the so far established case-by-case approach and instead let pilot judgments handle repetitive cases, thus conceiving of the Court as a

A Hoax in Court Essay

1551 words - 6 pages rules of law or equity. Meletus brought an elder man to court for corrupting the youth and for refusing to believe in the gods of the city. 501 Athenian male citizens sat in the jury to judge and base their decisions off Meletus’s accusations and Socrates’ defense to pronounce Socrates as guilty. Who is to declare that a trial has gone through the correct process to fully come to a decision of guilty or not guilty? Is a quick and speedy trial

Identify patterns of hubris in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court and the Bible

710 words - 3 pages PAGE 1 Identifying hubristic patterns in a selected reading could possibly be more of a topic of opinion than definite hubris itself. The definition of hubris is: excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance-therefore, declaring what hubris is and what it isn't, is truly based more on a matter of the perception of the writer who is empathizing hubris within the reading. In A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court and the Bible, many

(5 min. speech)Explain the role of the Family Court of Australia in dealing with issues that arise within families. Make reference to a case/s

1008 words - 4 pages deal with initial breaches of parenting orders, but it does refer these to the counsellor division of the Family Court so that the dispute can be dealt with. If there are continued breaches of an order the parent can be held in contempt and this could result in fines, restitution or imprisonment.While the Family Court does have a role in child protection, it is restricted in that the Court essentially deals with private disputes only. It is the

The Supreme Court and its effects on the balance of power between federal and state. (McCullogh v Maryland, Lochner v NY, Nebbia v NY) The role of Supreme Court in relation to federalism

2020 words - 8 pages Court was whether the statute for the minimum price on the sale of milk violates the due process of law of the 14th Amendment. In this case, the distributors were angry at the state because there was a minimum the farmer had to sell at and a maximum the consumer could buy the milk for. In this case, the right to contract becomes an issue again, as well as the individual right to accumulate. Politics also played an important role. The

The Role of the Supreme Court in the Civil Rights Movement

1933 words - 8 pages integration of white and black students in schools. Unfortunately, this was not carried out to a suitable degree, with many local authorities feeling no obligation to change the status quo. The Supreme Court did issue a second ruling, the so called Brown 2, in 1955. This forwarded the idea that integration should proceed 'with all deliberate speed', but James T. Patterson tells us even by 1964 ‘only an estimated 1.2% of black children ... attended

The Nature of Power and Rule in A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur’s Court and The Prince

1087 words - 5 pages to Hank for the majority of the novel. The idea that fear drives loyalty is true and is depicted through Hank’s role as a leader in A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur’s Court and in the philosophies outlines in The Prince. Another of the major ideas presented that makes a good leader is that the leader keeps close connections with the citizens of the state. In The Prince, Machiavelli writes, “but when states are acquired in a country differing

The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692: The History, Proceedings, and Legal Consequences of the Mass Hysteria

2045 words - 9 pages out of town (Lidner). It wasn’t long after that that weird happenings started to occur within Salem. It could be argued that Tituba, an Indian slave of Reverend Samuel Parris and his wife, Elizabeth Parris, had an indirect hand in truly starting the events of the trials. Tituba is involved in nearly every account of the Salem witch trials, most often as a major figure, and is often thought by historians as the holder of the role as the one who

Role of the United States Supreme Court in obtaining equality for Blacks during Reconstruction

1595 words - 6 pages The role played by the United States' Supreme Court in obtaining equality for Black Americans was one of immense stature. The Supreme Court is the court that can only consider federal questions, or anything to do with federal law. Since obtaining equality for Blacks was such a trivial process and the legislation that was involved was open to much interpretation, much responsibility rested with the Supreme Court from 1896 to 1996 in determining

The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692: The History, Proceedings, and Legal Consequences of the Mass Hysteria

2217 words - 9 pages . In that letter, he explained that the trials of witches and witchcraft had been stopped at his command. He also referred to the danger that the truly innocent were facing at the tell-tale word of those “afflicted.” Then, taking it a step further only a few weeks later, Governor Phips stopped any further witch-related arrests, as well as granting release to many of the falsely-accused witches. He then disbanded the Court of Oyer and Terminer

A Hoax in Court: The Trial of Socrates

1726 words - 7 pages according to the rules of law or equity.” Meletus brought an elder man to court for corrupting the youth and for refusing to believe in the gods of the city. 501 Athenian male residents observed as the jury to magistrate and center their decisions off Meletus’s accusations and Socrates’ defense to pronounce Socrates as guilty. Who is to declare that a trial has gone through the correct procedure to fully come to a judgment of guilty or innocent

Similar Essays

The Role Of A Provincial Court Judge, Sitting In The

706 words - 3 pages The role of a Provincial Court Judge, sitting in the Criminal Division is a somewhat complicated affair. There are many variables deciding where, how, and using which legal principles these cases are heard and tried.When sitting in a Provincial Court, the presiding Judge is the trier-of-law. There can be no jury present in a Provincial Court, therefore the Judge is also the trier-of-fact. A Provincial Court Judge has exclusive jurisdiction on

A Teacher Role Of Anna Leonowens In The Siamese Court

686 words - 3 pages who wrote lies about Siamese court and also insults the king. This displeasure conceals her teacher role and covers up what she did for Siam. Charnvit suggested that the historical role of Anna Leonowens should be re-examined as he said: "Leonowens might not be merely the intrusive English teacher who wrote lies about the Siamese court as most people believe…”(Nithinand) In fact, her teaching---which usually ignored---is very important

This Is An Essay About The Internment Of The Men At Guantanamo Bay, Cuba And The Court Proceedings Which Took Place Afterward

1231 words - 5 pages of The Republic of Cuba.Although the United States may not have sovereign rule over the military base, Petitioners and Plaintiffs assert that the United States has de facto sovereignty over the military base at Guantanamo Bay, and this provides the court with grounds upon which we may have jurisdiction. In claiming de facto sovereignty, Petitioners and Plaintiffs refer to the case of Ralpho v. Bell. This case involves a claim brought under the

The Role Of The Supreme Court, Government, Economics, And Protests In The Civil Rights Movement

1638 words - 7 pages There were four different elements that contributed to the success of the Civil Rights Movement: the Supreme Court, the Government, the economic situation of the time, and the protests of the movement. The role, which the Supreme Court's played in the success of the civil rights movement, was essentially one of neutrality. The Supreme Court ordered the segregation of schools and other public facilities, known as the policy of separate but equal