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The Role Of A Critic In Defining A Piece Of Art

3336 words - 13 pages

ROLE OF A LITERARY CRITIC IN DEFINING A PIECE OF ARTSubmitted to Dr. Surbhi GoelSubmitted by Arshpreet KaurMA 1 Roll no:14ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI take this opportunity is to express my profound gratitude and deep regards to my Professor Dr. Surbhi Goel for her exemplary guidance and constant encouragement."Critics are sentinels in the grand army of letters, stationed at the corners of newspapers and reviews, to challenge every new author."Henry Wadsworth LongfellowThese are the great minds at work sifting the grain from the chaff, like the beacons of light in the dark alleys and parched valleys, seldom looked down upon with contempt and seldom looked up to with admiration. "Critics are sentinels in the grand army of letters" shouldering the heavy responsibility of evaluation, interpretation and reasoned consideration of the work of art." They view the world through a critical lens gauging every possible facet of the subject in hand.Criticism is not a recent trend. Literary criticism has probably existed for as long as literature. In the 4th century BC Aristotle wrote the "POETICS", a typology and description of literary forms with many specific criticisms of contemporary works of art. Plato's attacks on poetry as imitative, secondary, and false were formative as well. Around the same time, Bharta Muni, in his "NATYA SHASTRA", wrote literary criticism on ancient Indian literature and Sanskrit drama. Socrates, who was a Greek philosopher, his way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy. Socrates "Apology" was the first milestone in the history of criticism.When Socrates was explaining to his judges how it was that he had made himself so unpopular, he told them of his investigations into the wisdom of those whom the world reputed to be wise. The inquiry had been strangely disappointing; and when he came to describe his encounter with the poets," Gentlemen," he said, "I am ashamed to tell you the truth. I took the poems which seemed to be most carefully composed"-the suggestion is, that these were the poems in which the poets ought to have been most conscious of what they were doing-"and I asked them what they meant." But the poets could not tell him that:" There was scarcely a man present" for it seems these interrogations took place in the presence of poets' admirers- "who could not talk about these poems much better than the poets themselves."Socrates had, in fact, made a discovery of first rate importance. With the peculiar and characteristic turn he gave to his discovery it became a matter of universal concern. The thing to be noted is: he was the first person to distinguish between the ability to criticize literature and the ability to compose it. If it had suites his purpose, Socrates might have gone on to point out that power to enjoy poetry is also quite different from the power to analyse it rationally. The power to enjoy poetry, like the power to compose it, proceeds from a certain nature....

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