The Role Of Computers Essay

1014 words - 4 pages

As we all know, computers can be found everywhere these days. They have changed the way we think, live and study, etc. The fact that computers have made incredible changes to our society, makes them very special invention. Although they might be only as important as other inventions such as electricity, airplanes, etc, it is their ability to be programmed to perform an amazing variety of tasks distinguishes computers from all the other inventions. Computers are playing an effective role in different fields such as Biology, Astronomy, Physics, Mathematics, High Definition Television (HDTV), Video Games and other social sciences. However, just like any other invention and new technology, computers have their own issues and problems. Rosenberg (1997) claims that there are two ways to discuss social issues arising from the increasing use of computers:By categorization. Each major application area is studied and the particular problems identified and characterized.To propose a list of areas of social concern or potential problems. Then explore each application to determine whether it exemplifies one or more of those problems.Computers have affected the life of so many people by taking their job. The reason for this matter is that it is cheaper and easier to use a computer for doing a job rather than using humans. Computers can work faster, longer and more accurate. They only need a little bit of attention (e.g. monthly repair) to get the job done, whereas humans need food, energy, a good stage of mind and physical ability. According to Rowe (1988), occupations can be divided into three basic groups:Occupations that will hardly be affected at all: farm laborers, trawlermen, general laborers, top management, leisure employee.Occupations that will be minimally affected: security and protection specialists, professional staffs, catering, hairdressing and other personal services, education, health and welfare services, construction and mining.Occupations that will be considerably affected: handling and storing, clerical work, manufacturing workers, repair workers, middle management, foremen, financial and 'information' employee.Rosenberg (1997) says that 'the number of blue collar jobs is decreasing. The number of service and information jobs is increasing. Agricultural jobs are now only about 3% of the total. Fewer people are producing the products and food for an entire country.'Education and study system have been largely affected by computers. Nowadays, it is very common for students to ask their teacher any questions regarding the subject they're studying through email. It is a normal thing to download homework and materials if they have missed the previous classes. According to Rosenberg (1997), 'computers and the internet will allow students to learn at their own pace. They will not be judgmental, impatient, or unsympathetic. Appearance, social class and race are irrelevant.' Although the use of computers can be very affective, but there are many...

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