The Role Of Medical Anthropology Essay

982 words - 4 pages

This paper seeks to show the inter-relationship of bio- medical professionals such as doctors and nurses in comparison with medical anthropologists and try to show their relevancy in the healthcare system and their collaboration in inter-professionalism. Medical anthropology is an advancing sub-discipline of anthropology. Medical anthropology is intended to provide a framework, which should enable students to identify and analyze social, cultural, behavioural and environmental factors in relation to health and disease/illness in any given society. Medical anthropologists are not medics or professional doctors but they are usually found within the health care system since they provide an insightful role of involving cultural aspects in diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the healthcare system. This is a perfect and unique example of inter-professionalism in the healthcare system.
In all human societies, beliefs and practises relating to illness are central features of cultural life. Although beliefs and practises strongly influence people’s health it is important to note that culture is not the only factor that influences health.
Clinically applied anthropologists are closely involved with healthcare and patient care as members of the healthcare system. They work with physicians, counsellors, lab technicians and many other paramedical personnel. They are solely involved with raising awareness to important cultural factors in health, some of them even practise medicine. This is multi-disciplinary inter-professionalism in itself.
The other medical anthropologists take a macro-approach and focus on political and economic equality which results to poverty and eventually has an effect on disease. An example of such an anthropologist was Paul Farmer.
Medical anthropologists have been involved in areas of primary healthcare, family planning, nutrition, immunization and prevention of HIV Aids and others. This paper seeks to show the relevance of anthropologists in the success of any healthcare system. It further outlines the necessity of medical anthropologists in any clinical setting.
In many scientific disciplines researches try to explain their objects by reducing them to become principles, however in anthropology ,the approach is to understand issues in their context meaning that practises ideas are looked at from a wider perspective.
Significance of Human Body to medical anthropologists.
We cannot talk about health, without focusing on the body because ill health presents suffering to the human body and the mind. To the medical anthropologists, the human body is more than just a physical organism; it is also a focus of a set of beliefs about its social and psychological significance about its inner structure referred to as anatomy and structures called physiology. These sets of cultural beliefs about the body are called body image and are culturally determined .Social status, gender or occupation is expressed through the body and its...

Find Another Essay On The Role of Medical Anthropology

The Study of Anthropology and the Humanities

1375 words - 6 pages The humanities are a broad multidisciplinary field of study where its disciplines aren’t in just one department. Therefore, studying the humanities correlates to the study of anthropology. Simply put, anthropology is the study of humanity and the origins of human beings. Learning about the humanities can help those studying anthropology because the humanities looks into understanding and exploring the human condition. There is an idea of

Role of Medical Interpreter as Patient Advocate

1725 words - 7 pages Professional providers of language in medicine or medical interpreters are often portrayed as invisible language facilitators (Angelelli 7). This means that their role is to convey the meaning into the other language between parties in the interaction which is accomplished through a conduit role or message converter role. The incremental intervention model of interpreting lets interpreters use a variety of roles including cultural broker and

Franz Boas Discuss the Contribution of Anthropology

1741 words - 7 pages Franz Boas has been considered by many as the "Father of American Anthropology", as he was a pioneer in breaking down the American isolationism, intolerance and misinformation about and biological diversity and linguistics. Born in Minden, Westphalia, Germany, in 1858, from a Jewish family, Boas early thinking was based on the ideals of the 1848 German revolution and followed his parents’ intellectual freedom (Stocking, 1974). However, Boas

The Moral and Ethical Dilemmas of Anthropology

1146 words - 5 pages Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and also to the persons or cultures of which they study. These two important parts of anthropology – the research and those being researched – can be conflicting. The Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association presents

The American Museum Of Natural History: Anthropology

1720 words - 7 pages      The American Museum of Natural History has many exhibits that demonstrate many aspects of anthropology. The Museum is located on Central Park West between W81st and W77nd streets. The museum is an excellent place to open oneself to many new ideas and cultures. When looking through the museum the exhibits that are anthropological could enhance ones understanding of a culture. The museum is very big and a lot of time is needed to get the

What is the Anthropology of Europe

2661 words - 11 pages Abstract This paper provides the means to understand the Anthropology of Europe. A historical examination is made to explain the different views as well as investigations on man from the time of our ancestors to the present times. Although theorists have their respective claims, explanations and interpretation on their theoretical areas of interest yet adherence to their theories is common and their transmission of truth does not impair their

The Role and Inter-relationship of the Medical and Health Professions

1681 words - 7 pages Medical and health professionals have a major impact in society, on a professional and power / status level. This essay will outline a major development in healthcare then analyse the inter-relationship of doctors in today’s society in terms of power and status, linking that with the major development in healthcare. It will then proceed to sum these points up using Marxist, feminist and functionalist views. The latter part of the essay will

The Statute of the Man in the Modern Catholic Anthropology

2007 words - 8 pages The Statute of the Man in the Modern Catholic Anthropology ABSTRACT: In what follows, I examine the renaissance of the idea of freedom as a fundamental measure of humanity in the work of Karol Voitila (Pope John Paul II). I examine as well Karol Voitila's concept of the human person as found in his work "Love and Responsibility" as well as the encyclical Evangelium vitae, which affirms the incomparable value of the human person. I also

The Aztec Calendar and the National Museum of Anthropology

1421 words - 6 pages ; they were wiped out by European weapons and diseases. There are several artifacts from their civilization remaining; however, the Aztec Calendar may be the most famous. The Aztec Calendar, which resides in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, is a fascinating piece of history that is still being deciphered and examined. The National Museum of Anthropology (or Museo Nacional de Antropología) in Mexico City possesses the largest

Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States

1559 words - 6 pages Native Americans. B. Cultural Determinism The story of cultural determinism is that of Franz Boas, who is largely regarded as the founder of anthropology proper for his role in the institutionalization of anthropology, as we will see in the following section. As a man Franz Boas avoided over-generalizations, and had disdain for those who misused science in the pursuit of imperialist and selfish gain. In 1887, Boas left his birth land

Medical Errors: Exploring the Healthcare System's Role in Errors

2699 words - 11 pages crucial role to play in the comprehension of medical boundaries. For instance, in the past, a breach of medical boundaries was largely perceived to be sexual intercourse with a patient but recent years have led to the redefinition of this concept. For instance, it is possible that a doctor may develop a deep resentment towards a patient, either prior or after admission, such that, he or she fails to handle the patient as expected. The agency for

Similar Essays

The Issue Of Female Circumcision From A Medical Anthropology Perspective

1106 words - 5 pages of Female “Circumcision”: Harm Reduction or Promotion of a Dangerous Practice?” Social Science & Medicine 52:1013-1028. Gordon,Daniel. 1991. “Female Circumcision and Genital Operations in Egypt and the Sudan: A Dilemme for Medical Anthropology” Medical Anthropology Quarterly 5: 3-14. Gruenbaum,Ellen. 2005. “Socio-cultural Dynamics of Female Genital Cutting: Research Findings, Gaps, and Directions” Culture, Health and Sexuality 7:429-441. Toubia,Naeid. 1994. “Female Circumcision as a Public Health Issue” The New England Journal of Medicine Sept:712-716.

The Role Quality Of Life Issues Displays In Medical Decisions

1203 words - 5 pages The Role Quality of Life Issues Displays in Medical Decisions Jahi McMath is a 13-year-old girl living in Oakland, CA who was declared brain dead by multiple neurologists more than three months ago. Jahi was declared brain-dead December 12th after barriers during surgery a few days earlier to remove her tonsils, adenoids, and uvula at Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland. At least three neurologists confirmed that Jahi was unable to

The Role Of Medical Nutritional Therapy In Gestational Diabetes

1056 words - 5 pages a woman’s glucose levels remain too high, daily insulin injections may be required to lower it. Insulin does not cross the placenta and is safe for the baby. The Role of Medical Nutritional Therapy in Gestational Diabetes Good nutrition is important during pregnancy in women who have developed GD. Medical nutrition therapy is the tool used in achieving and maintaining optimal glycemic control. In fact, in many cases, this disease can be solely

The Unique Contribution Of Anthropology Essay

865 words - 4 pages :9) As a field of study it offers a view of the world that is comparative, leery of generalizations, and both microscopic and macroscopic. (Eriksen 2004:6) Theory is the first of two major resources an anthropologist has at his disposal. Though subject to both internal changes from shifting beliefs and ideas of individual researchers and external changes from within the field of anthropology, theory plays an essential role in the anthropological