The Role Of Medical Nutritional Therapy In Gestational Diabetes

1056 words - 5 pages

Gestational Diabetes
Diabetes develops when the body can't efficiently produce or use insulin made by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that lets cells change glucose into fuel. When glucose accumulates in the blood in large amounts, it means that cells aren't getting the fuel they need. Gestational diabetes (GD) is a type of diabetes that can develop in a pregnant woman who did not necessarily have diabetes before becoming pregnant. This condition is caused by changes in a pregnant woman’s metabolism and hormone production where the body does not produce enough insulin to deal with the increased blood sugar of pregnancy. Symptoms of GD can include excessive thirst, more frequent urination, vaginal infections, and high blood pressure. GD almost always disappears once the baby is born and is usually not an indicator of the child developing diabetes later in life.
While a woman is generally safe from complications from gestational diabetes, there are some very big risks to the baby. If gestational diabetes goes undiagnosed, there is a greater risk of stillbirth. Other complications can include a condition called macrosomia, where the baby is born weighing 9 ¾ pounds or more. Excessively large babies can make delivery more difficult for both mother and child and as a result, birth injuries are more common in these babies. Other problems include hypoglycemia in the baby shortly after birth. The risk of gestational diabetes is higher in women who are over 30 years old, have a family history of diabetes, are obese, and those who have previously had a macrosomic baby.
Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes
Screening for gestational diabetes has become routine in prenatal care and usually takes place between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. About 1-2 percent of pregnant women develop GD. Screening is done by drinking a glucose solution, waiting an hour, then having blood drawn and glucose levels checked. About 15 percent of pregnant women who are given a glucose screening test will have abnormal levels of blood glucose, which could suggest gestational diabetes. The next level of screening is called a glucose tolerance test. This test involves fasting overnight, drinking another higher concentrated glucose solution, then getting blood drawn periodically over the next three hours to check glucose levels again. This is the test used to diagnose gestational diabetes.
The main goal for pregnant women with gestational diabetes is to avoid problems during delivery because of an oversized infant. This can be successful with a carefully controlled diet (medical nutrition therapy), exercise, and monitoring of blood glucose levels. If a woman’s glucose levels remain too high, daily insulin injections may be required to lower it. Insulin does not cross the placenta and is safe for the baby.
The Role of Medical Nutritional Therapy in Gestational Diabetes
Good nutrition is important during pregnancy in women who have developed GD....

Find Another Essay On The Role of Medical Nutritional Therapy in Gestational Diabetes

Stem Cells in the Treatment of Diabetes

1601 words - 6 pages Stem Cells in the Treatment of Diabetes Diabetes mellitus affects 18 million people in the U.S. alone (8.7% of the population) and more than 190 million worldwide. The prevalence of diabetes has increased alarmingly in the past three decades and, corresponding to global dietary and lifestyle trends, is projected to nearly double in the next ten years (1). Although diabetes can be treated, serious complications from improperly managed

Medical Errors: Exploring the Healthcare System's Role in Errors

2699 words - 11 pages crucial role to play in the comprehension of medical boundaries. For instance, in the past, a breach of medical boundaries was largely perceived to be sexual intercourse with a patient but recent years have led to the redefinition of this concept. For instance, it is possible that a doctor may develop a deep resentment towards a patient, either prior or after admission, such that, he or she fails to handle the patient as expected. The agency for

Diabetes in the UK

4563 words - 18 pages within a secondary-care setting. The upsurge of obesity, due to an increasing sedentary lifestyle and changes in food processing over the last century, has caused primary care medicine to take on a greater responsibility for the management of diabetes. The NSF diabetes standards were revised to allow for additional education and support for primary care practices in Scotland. In addition, the role of nurse practitioners and community nurses in

Growth of Diabetes in Children

2191 words - 9 pages . race/ethnicity is also a risk factor in diabetes and if there are any signs of insulin resistance or conditions associated with insulin resistance may be an indicator for type 2 diabetes (Overview, 6). The age to began testing for type 2 diabetes is ten years old or at the onset of puberty if puberty occurs earlier than expected. The diabetes test should be done every 3 years (6). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that is

Analysing the Nutritional Value of the Atkins Diet

1063 words - 4 pages Analysing the Nutritional Value of the Atkins Diet There are many different groups who would contribute to the creation of diet campaigns. Each with their obvious agendas in mind, the primary focus of any organization is making profit on sales. Every organization will try to do anything in their power to sell their product, whether the diet product works or not is a secondary concern. Marketing is everything in business and if a company can

Review of Diabetes in the Indigenous Australian Population

1952 words - 8 pages lifestyle, placing them at a greater disposition to develop type 2 diabetes.In some women, during pregnancy the body's resistance to using insulin is increased. This causes gestational diabetes, which tends to resolve itself after childbirth without treatment. However, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life is increased as a result. The incidence of gestational diabetes is around two times higher amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait

The Use of Animals in Medical Research.

993 words - 4 pages biomedical research is necessary.Laboratory animals can play an important role as biological models for the study of physiological functions and cognitive functions in humans, and as disease models for understanding the mechanisms of human diseases and medical conditions. Animal models can help make clear many aspects of a disease or medical condition by providing a means of thoroughly studying the circumstances necessary to produce impairments observed

The Diabetes Epidemic in Amerca

1178 words - 5 pages Type two diabetes will significantly and permanently affect the life of an individual. A change in human lifestyle caused a striking increase in the quantity of diabetes diagnoses. No cure has been discovered, only ways to decrease the risks. Type two diabetes alters an individuals’ life forever; therefore, people should beware the danger of an unhealthy lifestyle even before diagnosis (Zimmet). Type two diabetes is a condition in which the

Role of Medical Interpreter as Patient Advocate

1725 words - 7 pages Professional providers of language in medicine or medical interpreters are often portrayed as invisible language facilitators (Angelelli 7). This means that their role is to convey the meaning into the other language between parties in the interaction which is accomplished through a conduit role or message converter role. The incremental intervention model of interpreting lets interpreters use a variety of roles including cultural broker and

The Study of diabetes and existing diabetes assistant

1262 words - 6 pages might get 20 minutes of interaction with a health expert during a checkup, and in that amount of time the physician must quickly evaluate the patient’s health to offer therapy advice. to support decision making is important within the medical industry because they allow doctors and nurses to quickly gather information and process it in various ways in order to assist with making diagnosis and treatment decisions, the Intelligent Diabetes Assistant

Nutritional Report for a male football player Question: Develop a nutritional plan for an athlete of the sport of your choice. Prior to this, ask the athlete to fill in his current nutritional intake...

4819 words - 19 pages Nutritional Report for a male football playerIntroductionThe aim of this report is to construct and assess a chosen athlete's dietary report. The athlete chosen in this report is a 20 year old male, University 1st team football player that weighs 94kg and is 188 cm tall.Individual energy expenditure needs to be assessed in order to establish whether or not the subject in this report in consuming the correct diet for football. In November when

Similar Essays

Stem Cell Therapy In Diabetes Essay

1630 words - 7 pages Stem cell therapy in diabetes.Stem cells offer a promising form of therapy in the treatment of diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is tragic disease which greatly reduces the individual's quality of life, as of yet it is unknown how to reduce the rapid increase in cases but it is thought that is genetic susceptibility being induced by the environment. (Todd, 2009) It is thought that by 2025 there will be 380 million sufferers worldwide. (McCall et al

The Role Of Medical Anthropology Essay

982 words - 4 pages , cultural, behavioural and environmental factors in relation to health and disease/illness in any given society. Medical anthropologists are not medics or professional doctors but they are usually found within the health care system since they provide an insightful role of involving cultural aspects in diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the healthcare system. This is a perfect and unique example of inter-professionalism in the healthcare system

Nutritional Status Of Adults In The United States

2416 words - 10 pages Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); otherwise known as the Food Stamp Program, and the Elderly Nutrition Program (ENP). The role of these programs is to be a safety net, combined with the changes in the health care system, as a nation strides are being made to be more effective in meeting the health and nutritional needs of the elderly. History Taking a look back at history may explain some of the reasons for the weight gain. Of

The Role Of Advanced Glycation End Products In Diabetes And Heart Disease

1058 words - 4 pages mortalities. Many diabetic patients who are being treated with insulin die from heart disease by the time they reach their 50s. Scientists believe that AGEs play a significant role in the development of cardiovascular complications associated with diabetes. A group of AGEs called N-carboxymethyllysine (CML) have been linked to the development of coronary heart disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. It has also been found that elevations in CML