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The Role Of Mexican American Border Relations In The Political Process

3442 words - 14 pages

The Role of Mexican-American Border Relations in the Political Process

Throughout the 1990’s up until the present, Mexican-American political relations have been very inconsistent in their endeavors to define what the relationship should and will be between the two different countries. The massive influx of Mexican immigrants has commanded attention from the governments of both countries. This has resulted in attempts to make a working partnership acknowledging the fact that the peoples of Mexican decent have grown into the largest minority group in the United States and there are many issues to be hammered out by both countries in establishing just economic and political relations. However this effort has encountered many setbacks and questions of dedication to a working relationship between Mexico and the United States both in the past and currently.

Politicians who once jumped on the bandwagon of demonizing Mexican Americans are now fronting to be their closest allies and representatives in order to gain there votes in reelection. Who were once a people solely confined to the lowest of economic class and labor, are slowly working their ways into the higher classes and employment opportunities. Conservative citizens prejudiced attitudes towards Mexicans is balanced out by liberal populations as well. While poor economic times and difficulty in finding employment tend to point fingers at populations like the Mexican immigrants, there is still a need for the cheap labor in the fields and factories to keep production moving. The list of contradictions goes on and on and this complex issue will remain one for years. The goal of this paper is to address Mexican-American relations of the past and the present, and to project what type of relations must exist between these two countries in order to affectively address issues of poverty and prejudice and create a positive partnership in the future.

The 1990’s: A Political of war on Mexicans in California

The early 1990’s suffered poor economic situations in the United States. The blame had to be put somewhere so Governor Pete Wilson of California decided to vocally address this issue with his proposed Proposition 187 in 1994. At this time California was facing economic recession and adamantly felt that the massive immigration of illegal immigrants from Mexico was the primary reason for residents’ economic struggles. Proposition 187, promoted as the “Save Our State” initiative, called for a dismissal of the availability of public service such as education and health care to illegal immigrants. It also aided in their deportation, as people such as nurses and teachers would be required to report suspected illegal immigrants to authorities. This initiative was able to pass even though public rhetoric of the opposition repeatedly called the supporters of Proposition 187 racists.

The economic concerns of the California residents were that the illegal immigrants were taking too...

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