The Role Of "Permission" In The Trial Of Joan Of Arc

1323 words - 5 pages

Today Joan of Arc is known primarily as a religious martyr, but what popular culture often forgets is how tightly religion and politics intertwined in her story. Her decision to raise an army and ensure that Charles VII was placed on the French throne was motivated by religious devotion, but making sure the mission succeeded required military and political savvy, two qualities that tend to mix poorly with religious piety. The longer Joan spent in the spotlight, the more her religious vocation became muddled with political concerns.
Joan of Arc’s trial testimony remains the main source from which scholars can infer her motives, but even that fails to present a clear overview of her beliefs. Pernoud and Clin note that Joan’s direct testimony underwent several transformations, including a switch from French to Latin and direct to indirect discourse:
Some speculate that Cauchon and his associates wanted two contradictory outcomes: they wanted to preserve the transcript, but they did not want Joan to seem so persuasive, and the force of her personality could be muted in indirect discourse. Their worried reaction to her replies is attested even more strikingly by the presence of several erasures in the French stenographic record.
But the most important reason why Joan of Arc’s testimony fails to provide a clear picture of her beliefs is that Joan herself lacked clarity on how best to accomplish her mission after the coronation of Charles VII. Without direction from Charles, who was committed to maintaining a truce with the Burgundians, Joan became frustrated. She “realized that the great army of the coronation, unified by a common hope, was drifting apart. The very moment of triumph—the anointing at Reims—marked an inversion of the political situation … [which] slighted ‘exploits in the field.’” Once she fell into captivity, her rhetorical cunning became her only means of asserting the power, agency, and control she once held politically and militarily, and her fixation on gaining “permission” from her saints to divulge information demonstrates that.
At two points during her trial, she tells her examiners that she is unable to answer their questions immediately, but will be allowed to answer after a period of time. This first occurs in her first public examination on 21 February 1431. When asked to reveal the nature of the revelations sent to her by God, she replies that “she would not reveal them even if her head should be cut off, … within the following eight days, she would know for sure whether she ought to reveal those things.” Eight days later, during her fifth public examination on March 1, she partially answers the question posed on February 21. She foretells that the English will “lose everything in France” within seven years; when asked how she knows this, she replies “I know this for sure by revelation that has been made to me.” The second time she defers the answering of a question occurs in her third public examination on 24...

Find Another Essay On The Role of "Permission" in the Trial of Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc Essay

572 words - 2 pages Joan of ArcCarly CrockerIt is remarkable to have the bravery to fight in a war for your country, but it shows astonishing courage to fight for the Lord. Joan of Arc was asked by God to battle in the Hundred Years War and eventually had to fight for her own life because of it. Saint Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, France on 6 January, 1412. Jacques d'Arc, Joan's father, was a small peasant farmer and her mother was Isabelle d'Arc. Joan was

Joan of Arc Essay

858 words - 4 pages started hearing voices calling for her to assist the French army and the Dauphin (the uncrowned king of France), Charles VII. Those voices were said to be of St. Michael, St Catherine, and St. Margaret. In 1428 Joan of Arc traveled to Vaucouleurs and asked for permission to talk with the Dauphin and was turned away. One year later she returned and was finally heard. ​At the time the French were constantly losing battles to the English and

Joan of Arc

675 words - 3 pages was kept in harsh conditions. Joan of Arc was put on trial in 1431 Bishop Cauchon who was not competent to handle this trial Joan of Arc was not tried by the Church, but by a small group wanting political power. Bishop Cauchon found her guilty for disobeying the church and witchcraft. Joan of Arc was not given fair representation. She was not allowed a lawyer. Her request for an appeal was denied. Joan of Arc was condemned and sentenced to die

Joan Of Arc

1664 words - 7 pages trial started. The trial was already staged so that Joan's side would never be seen clearly. According to the judges Joan was in blatant violation of the church rules for practicing witchcraft and being a heretic against the church. She was sentenced to death for these crimes.18 On May 30, 1431 Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake for her crimes, at the age of seventeen. It was clear that the accusation of being a witch or heretic was more serious

Joan of Arc

1063 words - 4 pages forced to flee the battle field or be destroyed (Sparknotes: Joan of Arc: Battle of Patay par 1-2). There were only 100 casualties for the French, while there were 2,500 for the English (Hickman par 6). After the victory, Joan ordered the Duke of Alencon to ride through Orleans announcing that she would be taking the Dauphin to Reims for his coronation. When Joan got to Reims, it was decorated in honor of the Dauphin (Sparknotes: Joan of Arc: The

Joan Of Arc

982 words - 4 pages , technical offenses to the authority of the church (wearing male clothing), and for being a relapsed heretic. Then on May 31st, 1431, Joan of Arc was burned at the marketplace of Rouen.In 1456, a second trial was held, although Joan of Arc was all ready put to death. She was pronounced innocent of the charges against her. It wasn't until 1909, when she was beatified. Then, in 1920, Joan was canonized a saint by Pope Benedict XV.Although Joan of Arc has been dead for centuries, her legend lives on. She will always be recognized as a national heroine in France and as a legend to anyone who knows her story. Joan of Arc may be gone, but never will she be forgotten.

Joan of arc

1550 words - 6 pages Joan of Arc Through all the hardships and blood, Joan of Arc was a fierce warrior and led the French to complete victory. Starting out in a maiden village, and more of a shock for being a woman, Joan completely transform herself and France. Advancing in a year and a month, crowned a reluctant king, rallied broken people, reversed the course of a great war, and shoved history into a new path (Richey 1); Joan made a name for herself. No one

Joan Of Arc

1737 words - 7 pages of Arc as a threat. If she was powerful enough to motivate an army to push the English out of France, she would definitely have the power to push this new religious doctrine to the people. The Catholic Church claims that they were prosecuting Joan in order to save her soul but in essence they were trying to stop a religion that was threatening their church. In “Saint Joan” the Inquisitor who responsible in residing over Joan trial is portray as

Joan Of Arc

1755 words - 8 pages have submitted to English rule centuries ago. Joan of Arc was a courageous, divine woman who altered French history and even influenced many of today’s events. FIrst, before comprehending Joan’s significance one must understand the environment in which she grew up. Almost eighty years before Joan was born, Edward III of England refused to give respects to Phillip VI of France. As a result of this intolerable act Phillip VI withdrew the lands of

Joan Of Arc

1074 words - 4 pages Joan of Arc Joan of Arc, first known as Jeanne d'Arc, was born in the village of Domremy, in the Champagne district of northeastern France. She was born on January 6, 1412 and died May 30,1431 at the age of 19. Joan is a French national heroin and a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. She rescued France from defeat during the "Hundred Years War" against England. In honor of her victory she is often called the Maid of Orleans. This is a

Joan Of Arc - 4475 words

4475 words - 18 pages Joan of Arc, a remarkable woman, was born into rather unremarkable circumstances. Her peasant family lived in the small French village of Domremy between Champagne and Lorraine. Judging from the age she claimed to be at various parts of her life, she must have been born sometime around 1412, although the exact date is unknown. Her father was Jacques of Arc, and her mother was Isabelle Romee. Joan had three brothers: Jacquemin, Pierre and Jean

Similar Essays

The Life Of Joan Of Arc

1538 words - 6 pages bravery in death people thought they had witnessed martyrdom of a Saint” (“Joan of Arc” Gale Group). Joan of Arc was such an amazing person who put such an impact on so many peoples lives, those who witnessed her death felt guilty afterwards. Much to her family's regret she was not allowed a Christian burial as her ashes were thrown into the Seine River. “In 1455 her family called for a new trial. In 1456, a mere 25

The Influence Of Joan Of Arc In French History

1798 words - 7 pages as a result of Henry V's victories in Normandy, the city of Rhiems was unavailable to the French, which prevented the Dauphin, or claimant to the throne, Charles de Ponthieu, from being anointed and crowned as Charles VII for many years (Joan of Arc (Biography, section 1)). After Joan met with the Dauphin, was examined for purity by a comittee of theologists at Poitiers, and granted permission to command the Royal Army, she presided over a

Faith In The Personal Recollections Of Joan Of Arc

776 words - 4 pages In life, empty, forsaken, lonely people in dire need of help put their faith toward God or a significant individual. A current example includes the 10 year old boy released by his kidnapper after singing a gospel song for hours. In Mark Twain’s The Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc, Joan Arc, a teenage French military commander shows faith whenever she goes to battle or is about to face death. Eventually she gets captured and even though she

Joan Of Arc: The Voice’s And Victory

975 words - 4 pages ! Joan of Arc was a woman in which was born into a poor family in France. Joan of Arc, nicknamed “The Maid of Orleans,” was born at the early date of January 6,1412 and died in the year of 1431. Her parents include Isabelle Romee and Jacques d’Arc. They lived in a village called Domremy. Domremy is a grassy part of land in east- ern France. Here, her father owned 20 hectares (50 acres) of land. At a young age Joan of Arc believed that she was