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The Role Of Religion And Major Deities In Ancient Egypt

693 words - 3 pages

Prior to Egypt becoming unified under the rules of pharaohs each community of people in the Nile Valley and along the Nile River developed its own god or gods, many connected or replicating animals. Religion played a central role in the daily lives of ancient Egyptians and inspired the extraordinary temples, pyramids and other associated magnificent structures. The unique spiritual world was complex with the fascination of afterlife and the many associated deities such as Ra, the sun god, Osiris, the ruler of the underworld and Ptah, creator of humans to name a few. The wide variety of spiritual forms including animals of unique proportions and mixed forms with an animal head on a human body were easily documented and added to artwork.

The center figure that the religious world revolved around was the Egyptian pharaoh, as he was the “middle man” between all of the various gods and humans. He was an all-pervasive figure within and as the leader of religion as an entirety or system that was so wide ranging. Priests were the staff and or sidemen that supported all of the pharaoh’s wishes into actions and were held in high esteem when things were going well but were things were not going well Egyptians blamed the pharaoh and the priests. Cults, associations with the dead and emphasis on what behavior the pharaoh thought was appropriate at the time held the Egyptians as a captive but seemingly willing audience. With the pharaohs having the specific powers that they did as intermediaries and as the “Gods of Earth”, they were the immensely powerful as the heads of state, the military, political activities in all forms and as the supreme religious leader also was the prolific communicator. They “communicated” so well they did not need slaves, when structures were to be built for them as the “people’s king” the people were “asked” to go to work to accomplish great things for their god and they of course complied. This willingness of sacrifice from the Egyptian people supported the grandiose building of the pyramids, tombs, monuments and other spectacles in honor of the pharaohs through the decades into the...

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