The Role of Revolutionary Characters in One Hundred Years of Solitude (Gabriel Garcia Marques) and The House of Spirits. (Isabelle Allende)
The history of Latin American is a turbulent one: various European cultures have imposed themselves upon the indigenous civilisations, often warping the identity. Portuguese for example, is the language of Brazil, due to the colonisation that took place. This resulted in perpetual upheaval combined with social disparity which can lead to a heightened revolutionary mentality, where the people are looking for change for the better.
This situation of flux coupled with revolutionary events can be seen reflected in the personal lives of characters seen in both novels; in an attempt to regain some control over their lives, they frequently try to challenge or overthrow the forces that control them, which include tradition, family and the political sphere. An example of this is Pedro Tercero, the young rebel who's willing to speak truth to power, even if it means risking his life. The purpose of these characters representations are to act embodiments of the conflict present in these stories and to be symbols of change and hope to others, whether they themselves feel the same way is unimportant.
Many of the characters in these novels embrace the idea that revolution is a positive force; they inspire others to overthrow what may be perceived as their lot in life, perhaps challenging the old order. The impact of this revolution is that as the situation changes, those different characters have power and can begin to make their own decisions and begin to change their identities, but not always for the better. Both novels allow revolutionaries to alter the beliefs and views of others and become idolised in the process, they bring about great change and offer hope.
In The House of the Spirits, Pedro Garcia Tercero is a revolutionary and it is in his interactions with Esteban Trueba, the patron of Tres Marias, that the reader observe his greatest impact.
The purpose of Pedro is to act as an inspiration to the people; he affects change and is a symbol of hope and is also a factor in the redemption of Esteban.
Pedro radically changes Esteban’s situation, In 'The House of Spirits', the peasants of Tres Marias, as a revolutionary hero, revere Pedro Tercero Garcia. Pedro capitalises on their ill will towards Esteban for his cruelties.
“Though they had not seen Pedro Tercero in years, everyone remembered him.”
...The days when Pedro Tercero was not a legend in the peasants memory...”
The peasants view him as a revolutionary and rebellious. This status is because he had always stood up to Esteban, like continuing to see Blanca, undermining Esteban and spreading new ideas and therefore became a focal point and a source of hope for the people. The people could rebel by supporting him, and passively rebelled as long as he was active. He is a source of hope for the people, he suggests to them that life can have...