This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Role Of Stress In The Development Of Bulimia

2412 words - 10 pages

The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia

During the past few decades, Western culture has witnessed an enormous explosion in the number of eating disorders reported among young women. One such type of eating disorder is Butimia Nervosa. According to the DSM-IV criteria it is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, in which the person experiences a feeling of "loss of control",and recurrent compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain. Both of these behaviors occur, on average, at least twice a week for three months. In addition, self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight. Finally, there are two subcategories of bulimia. There is the purging type in which the person regularly engages in self-induced vomiting or the misuse of diuretics or laxatives. The other type is the nonpurging group in which the person engages in other inappropriate compensatory behaviors rather than self-induced vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics. (American Psychiatric Association, 1993)

Several studies have focused on stress as one important variable in the onset or occurrence of eating disorders such as bulimia. In addition, they explore the different situations or events which bulin-fics consider to be stressful and the various ways in which bulimics cope with these stressors. In this paper I plan to evaluate the effectiveness of the following related studies and attempt to answer the question, What is the role of stress in the development of DuUnfia?

Do Bulimics Appraise Stress Differently?

It is possible that bulimics may appraise potential stressors differently from other individuals. For example, in comparison to nonbulimics, people with bulimia may appraise the situation as being more stressful, less predictable, less controllable, or less desirable. in addition, some studies indicate that bulimics experience more frequent binge eating episodes during situations which are considered to be more stressful. For example, Wolf and Crowther (1983) studied indicators of binge eating episodes among undergraduate women and found that perceptions of experiencing more stress in the past year were positively related to increased severity of binge eating. However, since stress only accounted for 6.3% of the binges it is difficult to conclude that bulimics appraisals of the stressors were different. (Cattanach, 1988)

Bulimics' Coping Mechanisms for Stress

Some theories suggest that butimics may experience coping deficits. Coping is generally defined as the cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage environmental and internal demands and conflicts affecting a person which exceed that person's resources. Coping responses are supposed to modify the effects of potential stressors. It may be that when. stressors act in combination with dieting, women who lack coping skills may be most vulnerable to developing bufimia (Lacey, 1986). Another study found that environmental stressors were indirectly related with...

Find Another Essay On The Role of Stress in the Development of Bulimia

The role of trauma in the development of dissociative disorders

383 words - 2 pages , leaving the person feeling helpless, frightened, and anxious. Trauma is also a link between dissociative disorders and Traumatic Stress Disorders.The role of trauma in the development of dissociative disorders shows us that it is a core issue. Without the trauma, there would be no traumatic or dissociative disorders. Dissociative fuge and dissociative amnesia are commonly brought on by a traumatic event. Dissociative fuge is rare disorder

The Role of Edward Teller in the Development of Physics

1531 words - 6 pages the effect of what brought about the Hiroshima bombing has been more popular to many. It is my intention that in this paper, I will present his role in furthering the development of Physics (Goodchild, 2004).Teller belongs to the group of one the most brilliant physicists in the world. He was born in the year 1908 at Budapest, Hungary. He is a trained chemical engineer who attended the University of Leipzig in Germany where he received his Ph.D in

Charlotte Gilman’s Role in the Ethical Development of Psychology

936 words - 4 pages experience with the rest cure, Charlotte Gilman used her short story "The Yellow Wallpaper" to display the ineffectiveness of the Rest Cure due to the male-favored society, and the lack of concern for the women under the treatment due to the lack of development and understanding in the field of psychology. At this time in history, it was normal for physicians to give different treatments to men and women, considering the different physiques and

Education and Its Role in the Development of Children

1643 words - 7 pages Education and Its Role in the Development of Children *Missing Works Cited* Education in Britain as changed greatly since World War II, mainly due to the 1944 Education Act, which made secondary education free and compulsory until the age of 15 years. The views taken of education and its importance in national, economic and political terms have varied a great deal since then with each new government: there have been many good intentions but

The Development and Role of Wedge Tombs in Ireland

1927 words - 8 pages In this essay, the development and role of wedge tombs in Ireland will be discussed with particular attention to their distribution, orientation, when they were being built, function, form, folklore as well as discussing a few excavated examples. The wedge tomb is the most common megalithic monument in Ireland with 505 known (O’Brien 1999, 7). Wedge tombs are found across Ireland but 75% are located in the western half of the country, with

Ansiety Disorder: The Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

1161 words - 5 pages Introduction To many military service members, stress during combat is an every day occurrence, which is linked to their survival in those austere environments. Additionally there are so many elements in combat, which can affect the mind of combat veterans temporarily or permanently based on their personal experiences. And because their survival in combat depends on their experiences, managing some of that stress can be detrimental since it

The Role of Genetics on Development

883 words - 4 pages Human beings are born, formed and changed from one generation to the other through genetics. When a child enters the world, there is always a lot of excitement and uncertainty as which parent will the baby look like? Genes of the both parents determines the physical makeup of a child and therefore, genetics plays a very big role in human development. Genetics chromosomes are distributed equally by the parents to the child and they play a big

The Role of Race in the Development of the Utopian Societies Featured in Toni Morrison’s Paradise

1997 words - 8 pages The Patriarchs of Ruby and Their Ideology of Masculinity Being aware of the oppression and humiliation endured by the Old Fathers followed by the reclamation and revitalization of their identity allows for a certain understanding of the current ideology of Ruby. Founded in 1950, the town is named after one of the community’s women who died because she was refused medical care in a white hospital. Using the woman’s name for the town is meant

The Effects of Stress in the Workplace

934 words - 4 pages Today the world is at fast pace and people are having a lot of pressures and demands at workplace. A person who suffers from pressures or stresses in other words, their normal psychological and physiological well-being also gets affected. Stress is a body’s process of responding to a task [1]. Stress typically defines a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an influence on a person’s mental and physical well-being [1]. Stress

Bulimia & Anorexia in the Media

2650 words - 11 pages did a study on this called "Chemical malfunction plays role in bulimia, researchers say", which I have included at the end of this paper. I would have to say that the media does play a large role in why so many young people are becoming bulimic. In television, movies, advertisements, there is always that aspect of women being "perfect" and thin. This in turn puts pressure on young men and women to want to become what society and the

Theoretical examination of the role of play in young children’s learning and development, and the practitioner’s role in this.

1706 words - 7 pages encourage play and found that the most effective method was for the adults or teachers to initiate role play with small groups of children and help them to sustain it and develop it for a period of time. She calls this “play tutoring”. (Moyles, RJ page 19) She studied play and children’s cognitive abilities by measuring how the children used play materials. Despite a keen interest in play and development there is still a dilemma as to whether

Similar Essays

The Causality And Development Of Bulimia

1054 words - 4 pages There are several different theories about the causality and development of bulimia. Bulimia may have a genetic and hereditary component aswell as a socio-environmental component. Other psychological factors involved include mood disorders and substance abuse in families of people with bulimia. One aspect of the biological perspective suggests that people with bulimia have a low serotonin level which is a brain

The Causative Role Of Stress In Depression: Gender Diffences

5498 words - 22 pages were no significant differences in the timing of pre-onset events: stressful life events were generally concentrated in the period immediately preceding onset for both men and women. Thus, although these data suggest that life stress may play a larger role in the provocation of recurrent episodes of depression for women than for men, there did not seem to be sex differences in the extent to which interpersonal vs. non-interpersonal events and

The Role Of Immaturity In Human Development

581 words - 3 pages onset of puberty when compared to other species. The elongated period of low fertility, which extends the nonreproductive years, enables the individual to maintain their juvenile characteristics and continues to grow their cognition and social skills before producing offspring, ensuring that they are better suited to aid in the development of their own offspring’s development (Bjorklund & Pellegrini, 2002). Social gains have also been prevalent as

Development Of Anorexia And Bulimia Essay

3319 words - 13 pages Development of Anorexia and Bulimia Anorexia and Bulimia are two very complex conditions that have been around for quite a while, however both anorexia and bulimia amongst other eating disorders are becoming more and more prevalent in today’s society. There has been extensive press and media coverage on conditions related to eating disorders. Anorexia and bulimia are two of the most common eating disorders or two of