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The Role Of The Gods In Homer's The Odyssey

1093 words - 4 pages

The presence of God in our belief system is something that many cultures have taken for granted. In Odyssey book, this presence of God or Goddess is even tangible because in this epic, mortals have the abilities to talk them, to see them and to feel their presences around them. Since the beginning of the epic, Odysseus has always been helped by Athena (goddess) who is Zeus’ daughter and Zeus who admired the man’s faith, courage, strategy and intellect.
In ancient Greece, the Gods’ power has constantly been praised and known as the God’s Love. In Homer’s Epic, what has really attracted my attention is how God in his highest love Odysseus and been always with him during his journey. Odysseus also knew that he would not be alive if he was not praising the names of Gods especially with the goddess Athena.
In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, gods play a very important role to the plot of the story. They are the one deciding if someone can survive or not according to the sacrifice that the person made for them. In the book 1, Athena said to Zeus her father, “Didn’t Odysseus please you with sacrifices beside the Greek ships at Troy?” (Homer 65, book1). In this part Athena was trying to plead with her father Zeus in favor of Odysseus because she wants to help him to go home, while others are trying to provoke his death. This love that Athena has for Odysseus and his family is revealed throughout Homer’s epic. Although Athena supported Odysseus throughout his voyage, other gods including Poseidon, Calypso, and Circe made it difficult for Odysseus to return home, such in our real life, some people will make your life hard, but you have a good faith as Odysseus, you should always find your way out. Our God is omnipresent. In Book One, Athena takes the form of Odysseus' friend, Mentes. She informs Odysseus' son, Telemachus, that his father is still alive, and advises Telemachus to sail to Sparta to find news of his father.

Athena tells Telemachus, "...Odysseus is not dead. He's still alive somewhere...held captive, out at sea, on a waved-washed island" (Homer 83-84). Thus, from the very beginning of the epic poem we see that Athena is out to help Telemachus find his father. In addition, she has given Telemachus confidence and courage. Athena, always in her kindness and love for Odysseus, guides Telemachus with lots of encouragement words. For instance, on Telemachus' way to Sparta, "Athena encourages him, and tells him not to be so shy, to rely on his native wit, and to have faith in the assistance of god..." (Homer 30, book 3). In other words, Athena reassures Telemachus that he needs to be brave and he was born with also God’s good will. Once again, The Goddess’ love is reveals here as a mentor who advises his little one while going to accomplish his voyage in orders to find his father’s news. This is why she disguises herself as a mentor to prepare Telemachus becoming a man. In other words, like Odysseus, Athena wants...

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