The Role Of The Senate And House Of Representatives

849 words - 3 pages

The Role of the Senate and House of Representatives

The Congress of the United States consists of the Senate and the House
of Representatives which means the USA is bi-cambial. The Congress of
the United States was created by Article I, Section 1, of the
Constitution, adopted by the Constitutional Convention on September
17, 1787.

The Senate is composed of 100 Members, 2 from each State, who are
elected to serve for a term of 6 years. Senators were originally
chosen by the State legislatures. This procedure was changed by the
17th amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1913, which made the
election of Senators a function of the people. There are three classes
of Senators, and a new class is elected every 2 years.

The House of Representatives comprises 435 Representatives. The number
representing each State is determined by population, but every State
is entitled to at least one Representative. For example Alaska only
has 1 representative where California has the most in the USA. Members
are elected by the people for 2-year terms, all terms running for the
same period.

Both the Senators and the Representatives must be residents of the
State from which they are chosen. In addition, a Senator must be at
least 30 years of age and must have been a citizen of the United
States for at least 9 years; a Representative must be at least 25
years of age and must have been a citizen for at least 7 years.

Under the Constitution, the Senate is granted certain powers that the
House of Representatives don’t have. The Senate approves or
disapproves certain Presidential appointments by majority vote, for
example there was a huge possibility that the Senate were going to
disapprove of Harriet Miars recommended by president Bush, which is
why she inevitably pulled out of her nominee of being a member of the
supreme court. The Senate are also in power of the treaties that must
be concurred by a two-thirds vote.

The Vice President of the United States is the Presiding Officer of
the Senate; in his absence the duties are taken over by a President
pro tempore, elected by that body, or someone designated by him. The

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