Society changes with time and the role of each integrant also changes. The role of women, for instance, has changed a lot over the years, from pre-history to the present day function of the female figure is changing more and more. Previously, the division of labor began to distinguish the role of men and women in society, mainly because of agricultural activity. In pre-capitalist stage the world of work and domestic world were similar and the woman began to be subordinate to man, mainly because of her function as a reproducer, and this kind of the women was being considered more fragile and unable to assume leadership or direction of a family group.
In today’s society, women are increasingly gaining ground in the professional environment, because her skills are being more recognized and valued. Women have come over the years reconciling intelligently their life as mother, wife and professional, this power to harmonize their roles is the main feature of the modern woman. The increased participation of women in the labor market brings benefits to society because it promotes gender equality and stimulates the economy.
Notice that the participation of the woman in labor force is a natural response according with the evolution of the world. Castellano, Punzo and Rocca (2013) wrote in their article, there is a concern in Europe about social policies on women participation in the labor market, which the objective is promote the gender equality and revitalizing the work area through the female participation. Thus, some countries have worries about laws and rules with worker woman because there isn’t doubt that she brings benefits for the society.
However, the entry of women into labor force is not simple as could be. There is still a prejudgment in the labor market because of the paradigm that are some jobs more appropriate for women, as in the past, according to Moume J. and Houston (cited in França, T., 2012). So, the struggles between men and women have been constantly throughout the society’s history since one of them have the same ability but do not enjoy the same rights.
Thus, the women has intensified the desire for improvements in their class in the labor market. “This ghettoization influences not only labor sex segregation, but also contributes to sex inequality, wage gaps, and unequal rates of mobility opportunities” MacBrier (cited in in França, T, 2012). Although this sentence has a part of truth, is also a fact that the increasingly presence of the women in the labor market represent a big step for gender equality and it comes to discussion about woman’s behavior inside her social and work circles.
Furthermore, one of the requirements for promoting equal opportunities for both genders is qualification. It can be stated, that the main challenge of the modern woman is: to qualify as man and still accomplish the role of a mother or responsible for household chores. In this light, the main and extremely obvious factor that is essential for...