This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Role That Sport Plays In The Social Inclusion And Exclusion Of Young People

2014 words - 9 pages

Sport is a significant aspect of society. Frey and Eitzein (1991, p.503-504) refer to sport as a ‘prominent social institution’ and a ‘microcosm of society’ stating that behaviours, relationships and group dynamics within sport mirror that within our society as a whole. Sport in the educational setting is widely accepted because it teaches young people valuable life lessons such as discipline, fairness, teamwork and respect (Frank 2003). The National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (2003, p.2) identifies the importance of sport and physical education for young people, explaining that its ultimate aim is ‘to contribute to the preparation of the student for a life of autonomous ...view middle of the document...

Symbolic interactionism looks at how people communicate with each other through symbols and assumes that human behaviour ‘involves choices and that choices are made based on meanings’ (Delaney and Madigan 2009, p.29). Symbolic interactionism views how people use sport to portray meanings and identities (Coakley 1998) and the meaning that young people attach to sport in education can result in social inclusion and exclusion.
To explicate how sport in education works as a mechanism for social inclusion and exclusion, it is first necessary to identify the social groups in which young people are divided within the school system. According to Rice (1999), young people are split into three subsystems within the school system, namely, the formal subsystem, the semiformal subsystem and the informal subsystem. Association with each of these groups defines a young person’s social status within the educational setting (Thompson 2006). The formal subsystem refers to individuals who have a keen interest in their academic success. The semiformal subsystem refers to individuals who are involved in sport as well as other activities such as drama clubs and departmental clubs and the informal subsystem refers to individuals who are connected via friendships and peer groups (Rice 1999).
Association with the formal subsystem can result in social exclusion. In a study of second-level schools, McSharry (2009, p.45) explicates that boys ‘claimed that too much attention to the academic demands of the school system could jeopardise their acceptance among peers’. However, as suggested by Renold (2004), McSharry (2009) also found that involvement in sport could be used to neutralise involvement within the formal subsystem. In fact, the teens in the study talked about the necessity to show their interest in activities such as sport to prevent them from being socially excluded. I am currently teaching physical education (PE) and science in an all-boys secondary school and I have seen how an interest in sport can affect acceptance amongst peers. For example, I have the same group of first year students for both science and PE. There are five very bright students in this class who are academic, however, two of these students are very isolated from the rest of their peers. In PE class they show little interest in participating and clearly lack an interest in sport. On the other hand, the other three students get on very well with their peers, show great enthusiasm in PE and have a keen interest in sport. It could be suggested here that, although these three students are associated with the formal subsystem, their involvement in sport neutralises this and gives them a common ground under which they can relate to others. McSharry (2009) also suggests that boys often base their friendships simply on sharing a common interest such as sport. This is similar to the thoughts of Swain (2000, p.101) who states that sport gives young people ‘the opportunity to ‘belong’’.
While sport can...

Find Another Essay On the role that sport plays in the social inclusion and exclusion of young people

The Influence of Role Models on Young People

595 words - 2 pages Role models have an astounding effect on the lives of young people in our society. A role model has the ability to shape the views, ideals, and actions of a young person. Role models help youth to discover how they wish to become in the future. The influence that role models have over young people is tremendous. It is important for role models to be positive and responsible in instilling good morals and values because future generations are

The Civil Rights Movement and the Incredible Role Taken by Young People

777 words - 4 pages was young, brave individuals. No these were not brave men and women untied to fight for themselves and their children. The ‘soldiers’ who fought this war of social equality were the youth of the nation; the very children of adults who could afford to risk messing with the way their world went, the adults who were too afraid to take a stand. In this essay the Children’s March, Freedom Rides, and one great leader for equality will be shown to

The Influence of Role Models on Young People - Western hills/ 2017 - Essay

979 words - 4 pages vasquez1 Kelly Vasquez Shirley Fleischman INRW-0399 10/14/17 The Influence of Role Models on Young People Role models have an astounding effect on the lives of young people in our society. A role model has the ability to shape the views, ideals, and actions of a young person. Role models help youth discover how they wish to become in the future. The influence that role models have over young people is tremendous. It is important for role models

"Morril Act" by Justin Morril that concerned the young people who wanted to educate and get higher education in engineering, agriculture and military service

621 words - 2 pages . Many factories were constructed, and mills doubled their number. Citizens of the States were finally satisfied with new technologies and the amount of new products. But these were the advantages of the industrialization. It had its own disadvantages. Factories polluted the water, the air, the environment. The main thing that worried Americans was the result of the industrialization on body politics. Those who played a role in politics were only

Too Young For Life? - Should age be the basis on which young people are discriminated? Do adults really know that much more than young adults and does that make them better people?

1665 words - 7 pages to question everything and wonder why things happen and why people do what they do. You cannot learn anything unless you ask questions and want to find answers. I am constantly thinking about the world around me and how it works. I like to think that I will not grow up to be just another sheep in society that will always accept what is thrown onto their plate. No body should be allowed to squander the thoughts of young minds and try to dissuade

This describes the changes that took place in the 1930's regarding the role of the federal government to helping people in economic hardship

1421 words - 6 pages year later he was the torturer of the American people.As President, the suffering of the American people moved him, so much that he gave a lot of his income to charity.Something had to be done and many people that lived through the depression of the 1890's didn't want to see the same amount of terror and social conflict.Hoover did spend $500 million on improving government properties and these projects did create some jobs. The most famous of

It has been argued that youth unemployment explains the increasing suicide rate involving young people. How useful is this explanation?

2336 words - 9 pages of forming their individual identity, personality, ideals, attitudes and beliefs. To a young person, employment helps them in the formation of their identity, and they can be seen being productive, valuable and contributing to society. "Youth employment leads to stabilisation of identity, whereas unemployment results in identity diffusion and lack of a meaningful social role." (Petersen, A. C., & Mortimer, J. T., 1994, p 15). The importance

The Causes of Social Exclusion

3111 words - 12 pages basically been portrayed as not wanted, a social residuum. A lot of research has showed that Charles Murray’s view about lack of moral stability in the upbringing of children due to single parent families are the main reason for exclusion of the underclass and the state welfare dependency, backed up by Eysneck and Hirschi. Although Giddens view argued this believing that the underclass were the vulnerable people with

Dissection of inclusion and exclusion in "Bartelby" (Melville) "The Sculptor's Funeral" (Cather) "The Minister's Black Veil" (Hawthorne) and the novella "Of Mice and Men" (Steinbeck)

1321 words - 5 pages the outs, we can draw some important conclusions about American culture. Understanding that the rules which define inclusion or exclusion are instinctive allows us to fathom why even gentle, kind people unintentionally exclude others, and also why this happens so consistently. The characteristics of the ins are all to evident in the media, in clothing, and common pressures, creating that mass of gray shapeless faces can be stereotyped and

The Role of Sport In Jamaica

640 words - 3 pages . supply the 'ballers' for the national squad. The 'Reggae Boyz' was the legends down there in Jamaica. They made Jamaicans and other Caribbean people very proud. It was fun to be among the spectators at the first match for Jamaica in the World Cup finals. The team finished 22 out of 32. That was Very good for the first time. As our old saying, 'Wi beat dem country wid long football tradishan like Scotland and Austria'. We wish them all the best

Investigating the Social Exclusion

3942 words - 16 pages very unlikely. Despite the very many gains of women over the last two centuries gender differences and the persistence of inequalities between men and women still exist in modern Britain. Therefore, women, on the whole continue to be socially excluded and subordinate to men within contemporary society. On the one hand Social inclusion conveys a right to belong. On the other, social exclusion creates a group of people

Similar Essays

Examine The Argument That Places Can Be A Source Of Inclusion And Exclusion For Specific Communities

1367 words - 6 pages the concepts of relational and situational identities also. Erving Goffman (1959) suggests, in every situation they encounter, people behave in ways to tell others who they are, what they do or want or expect to happen. People as part of social life continually interact with others. Society also has unspoken rules and skills that are learnt over time, to present themselves in these social interactions thus managing the impression of self

The Role Of Young People In The Civil Rights Movement Of The Early And Late 1960s

811 words - 3 pages ended all state racial segregations. This will tell you the large role that young children played in the civil rights movement for the following: The Freedom Rides, The Children’s March, and The Orangeburg Massacre. The Freedom Rides took place in the early May, 1961 where two groups of students riding in integrated Greyhound buses would stop at rest stops and blacks would go into white only bathrooms and whites would go into black only bathrooms

The Role That Logic Plays In The Constitution

790 words - 3 pages government to keep the surplus of faction low. James Madison describes a faction as “a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community” (Federalist No. 10). Madison takes the argument in Federalist No. 10 that faction and liberty are

Doctor Faustus And The Role That Sin Plays In God's Divine Plan

1872 words - 7 pages Doctor Faustus and the Role that Sin plays in God's Divine Plan. The nature of sin is brought up many times in the play Doctor Faustus. It seems that Faustus (like all of us) is damned. The question posed is; can we as humans do anything to save ourselves from eternal damnation, or are we doomed from birth. The play deals with Faustus struggle to understand sin and its effect on the human soul. There is a interesting scene where the seven