This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Roles Of Place, Race, And Privilage In Unequal Opportunities

781 words - 4 pages

In this article, Squires and Kubrin argue that place, race, and privilege interact and combine to play a large role in the unequal opportunities that different citizens have in metropolitan areas across the United States. They first explain the existence of “bad” neighborhoods in these metropolitan areas and attempt to describe their development over time. They discuss how place has played a role in this. For example, they discuss sprawl, which they define as “a pattern of development associated with outward expansion, low-density housing and commercial development, fragmentation of planning…, auto-dependent transport, and segregated land use patterns” (48). They explain how sprawl has negatively affected inner-city neighborhoods. Additionally, the authors discuss the impact of race on the formation of unequal life opportunities. Racial minorities do not have access to the same opportunities as white people in America today. Although improving in recent years, the United States remains a highly segregation nation. This segregation, which is both a cause for and result of sprawl, is an example of how place and race interact in the formation of bad neighborhoods and unequal opportunities. Finally, the authors define how privilege affects inequality. Living in an area of large concentrated poverty as well as family social status, being born into either extreme wealth or poverty, have a large effect on the opportunities that one will have in life.
In addition to describing the factors that go into the development of unequal opportunities in urban areas, the authors list some of the costs of living in a bad neighborhood. These “concentration effects,” as they call them, include access to healthcare and financial services. Both are much more difficult to come by in areas of concentrated poverty and racial minorities, although these groups would benefit from them extraordinarily. Bad neighborhoods also cost their residents in terms of education and access to jobs, two additional examples of potential benefits missed by lower income and minority race groups. The need for these services is higher in bad neighborhoods than it is in areas where they are already located. Finally, crime disproportionately affects residents of bad neighborhoods. All of these costs affect children directly, and they lead to an unfortunate “vicious cycle” from which it is extremely difficult to escape. Someone born in one of these neighborhoods is much less likely to...

Find Another Essay On The Roles of Place, Race, and Privilage in Unequal Opportunities

Predetermined Place: Race, Gender, and Class in Black Boy

2380 words - 10 pages him and many around him. Wright’s choice of the title Black Boy (American Hunger): A Record of Childhood and Youth also speaks to the way in which race impacted gender roles in American society in the early 1900s. Significantly, Wright chose the phrase “Black Boy” rather than “Black Man,” despite the fact that the memoir chronicles his life far beyond the years when a male is considered a boy. In doing so, Wright drew attention to the way in

Separate and Unequal: Overcoming Segregation in America

4076 words - 16 pages question: “Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other tangible factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities”? The answer held by the Supreme Court on May 17th, 1954, was: “We unanimously believe that it does (Chief Justice Earl Warren).” This unanimous verdict was based greatly on the results of studies conducted

The Opportunities and Risks of Globalization

1618 words - 6 pages cultural, political and other connotations in addition to the economic. However, the most common or core sense of economic globalization – the aspect this paper concentrates on - surely refers to the observation that in recent years a quickly rising share of economic activity in the world seems to be taking place between people who live in different countries (rather than in the same country). This growth in cross-border economic activities takes

The Historiography of Race and Discrimination in Baseball and Sports

3903 words - 16 pages on the field, racism still exists in sports beyond the underrepresentation of African Americans in prominent front office roles. Earl Smith, a distinguished Professor and Director of Ethnic Studies and Professor of Sociology at Wake Forest University, argues in his book Race, Sport and the American Dream, that Hoberman rarely makes any claims based on evidence. To Smith, Hobermans claims of why African Americans participate in sports and that

The Peculiarities of race and ethnicity in the southern colonies

650 words - 3 pages take this only method of converting the Natives to Christianity.”(William Byrd, History of the Dividing Line, p.3). Morals differ when dealing with a specific culture. Factors differ in material and cultural circumstances. William states, “The principle difference between one People and another proceeds only from the different opportunities of Improvement.”(William Byrd, History of the Dividing Line, p.120). Race slavery did not create the culture

The policies and unequal treatment of Australian Aboriginals from settlement through to 1945. I got 90% in this take home history assignment!!!

2377 words - 10 pages Beginning in 1788, contact with British settlers initially led to economic marginalization, a loss of independence, and death by disease for the aboriginal population. They were pushed off their land forcefully and were subject to cruel beatings and massacres. This eventually led to a massive depopulation and extinction for many aboriginal groups. Due to this, many white European Australians believed that the aboriginals were a dying race and

Perceptions of Race in Cuba Before and After the Revolution

1621 words - 6 pages leader in 1959. Castro embarks on a revolution (Marcus, 2013) that dramatically alters the lives of the black citizens socially and economically. Through time, globalization, and the revolution, meanings and perceptions of race and race relations in Cuba changes, specifically in education, job opportunities, and social status. PRE-REVOLUTION Before the revolution, Cuba operates under a capitalist system (Marcus, 2013), which leads to an

The Role of Socioeconomic Status and Race in Cancer Prognosis

1318 words - 6 pages Approximately 15 million cancer cases exist today around the world, with an estimated 24 million increase in the next twenty years (Ferlay et al., 2013). It is evident that the number of individuals facing a cancer diagnosis is rising and will continue to do so. Recent studies explored the correlation between socioeconomic status, race and cancer prevalence. Inadequate access to health care programs, higher exposure to drugs and alcohol, and

The Social Construction of Whiteness and Race in America

2012 words - 9 pages about race, what we see when we look at certain physical features, how we build our own racial identities, how we operate in the world, and what we "know" about our place in it. Whiteness is shaped and maintained by the full array of social institutions--legal, economic, political, educational, religious, and cultural. As individuals and in groups, affected by whiteness, we in turn influence and shape these institutions. Thus, whiteness is

Race and Ethics in the 1960s: Race and Sports

825 words - 4 pages When the social science of game developed as a sub-teach in the fields of sociology and physical training throughout the 1960s, race and racial relations pulled in immediate attention from researchers and social activists. Two researchers’ publications in the early 1960s focused on the sociological progress underlying the integration of professional baseball; however the most provocative discussions of race and game were distributed in the late

Race, ethnicity key roles, and uncertainties today

946 words - 4 pages from other groups. The boundaries may take anumber of forms- racial, cultural, linguistic, economic, religious, or political. Because of this boundary,member of an ethnic group are often presumed to be culturally or biologically similar, although notexactly the case.Race and ethnicity are important to our identity because it is in relation to how we are seen byindividuals and how we view ourselves, also that race and ethnicity are central to

Similar Essays

Race And Gender Roles In Of Mice And Men

1836 words - 7 pages Untitled How would you feel if you were never called by your real name? What if you were treated like property, or couldn't talk to anyone? This was how women were treated in the 1930's and how Curley's Wife was treated in the John Steinbeck novel Of Mice And Men. Throughout the entire book and the movie, Curley's Wife is never called by any other name except "Curley's Wife" She-like many other characters

Unequal Pay; The Price Of Being Female In America Woman And Law Research Assignment

2373 words - 10 pages Unequal Pay: The Price of Being Female in America Austin Peay State University Abstract This paper focuses on the continuation of the gender pay gap in the United States of America despite the various remedies which the federal government has passed and enacted to correct the problem. A brief analysis of The Fair Labor Standard Act of 1938, The Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Ledbetter Act of 2009 are presented along with examples from the

The History Of Unequal Treatment In The United States

1513 words - 7 pages Coordinating Committee was formed to provide a place for young blacks to partake in the Civil Rights Movement. Through the entire Civil Rights Movements there were amazing accomplishments and may tragedies. On the 2nd of July in 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act. This Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin. The law provided the federal government with the powers to

John Locke And The Unequal Distribution Of Wealth

777 words - 3 pages of life. (Locke 20).” Now one man could have, “ … a disproportionate and unequal possession of the earth… (And) …fairly possess more land than he himself can use the product of…(Locke 22)”. The word “fairly” in that last statement should jump off the page.      When speaking on the state of nature Locke’s main concern is spoilage or waste of commodities, but with the introduction of money he sees this problem solved