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The Roles Of Socioeconomic Status Essay

1350 words - 6 pages

The working underclass is what many Americans fall into today when they talk about Socioeconomic Status. SES is socioeconomic status; this is often measured as a combination of education, income, and job status. When viewed through a bias of how class plays a role in society, privilege, power and control are often emphasized in measuring what class people are in. The underclass is the segment of the population that occupies the lowest possible class in a hierarchical status is the underclass. Ever since the we can read back into history there has been the classification of people. These people that were middle class and lower were always the working underclass. In our society today what class you are in plays an important role into what job you are trying to get to work your way out of whatever situation you are in. The underclass is the hsegment of the population that is the lowest in class hierarchy, below the working class. The working class is filled with people that just barely make it even in society. These people really aren’t in debt but if they lose one of their jobs they could be sent in the downspin that we call poverty today. This downspin of poverty is hard to escape and climb your way out of. The general idea is that a class system includes the population under the working class and fits into the traditional social sciences. However, the specific term “underclass” was popularized during the last half of the 20th century, first by social scientist of American poverty such as William J. Wilson and other fist American social scientist of American poverty. The underclass concept has been a point of controversy among social scientist for decades and decades. Many of these sciences are from well off families that consider these people as an Underclass Problem. This appreciates the using of underclass term has been questions, with some of the sciences claiming that it has been transformed into a code word for the intellectuals to diminish and talk about the minorities in the united states and all across America. The writings of William Julius Wilson and others in many respects are the structural definition of working underclass. In sever aspects the academics was replaced with a behavioral conception of the people that are defined as the working underclass. The definition of underclass has been set forth since the terms conception. Though there are many of these definitions basically they are different in some many different ways of categorizing people beneath the working class folk. These definitions simply vary from which detentions are hilted from different authors that conventionalized the term. Lawrence M. Mead defines the underclass as a group that is not only poor, but also behaviorally deficient. He describes the underclass as "dysfunctional." He provides the following definition in his 1986 book Beyond Entitlement,
"The underclass is most visible in urban slum settings and is about 70 percent nonwhite, but it includes many rural...

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