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The Roles Of Women During World War Two

1269 words - 6 pages

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, women in the United States were thought of as inferior. Men did anything they possibly could do, to prevent women from entering certain parts of the industry. They supported their actions with ideas such as "Men are stronger than women". The majority of fighter planes were built by men and it was also men who worked in most of the factories that produced cars and other transportation vehicles, thus implying that technology was a man's job. Women’s jobs included: seamstresses, secretaries, nurses, phone operators, and a majority were housewives. World War II gave middle class women an opportunity to show what they could do. This War changed ...view middle of the document...

Before the war happen many lower class and minority women worked , but during the war, most of the women were able to find higher paying jobs due to the lack men.In reality 90% of women these were working outside of their home during the war.The majority of women thought that they could best serve the war effort by staying at home (American Women during World War II 2). During the war, the average family on the homefront had a housewife and a working husband. (Yellin 45) Working women had to deal with changes in responsibilities in their families, such as daycare. Women were still homemakers. When they returned home from work they needed to take care of the house and the family (Roles for women in WWII).
During this time many posters that promoted the empowerment of women were published. Rosie the Riveter represented women in the home front war effort with the words “We can do it!” This poster sent a very strong message to women during the war. There were many posters from this period that encouraged women to do factory work, join the military as nurses, and to support the troops through food donations and sewing. These posters served as propaganda that encouraged women to support their country by working both at home and away. The government used posters for propaganda which portrayed women as the main source of labor for the country. Women were encouraged by the support of the government, media and society. Many joined the home front working in factories and served as nurses or officers in the army. The propaganda posters served the purpose of encouraging women to serve their country on the home front or in active military service.. (Rosie the Riveter and American Women in World War II 3).
When World War II broke out in 1939, its impact was particularly felt by women and their role in society. Their changing roles were clearly evident in the workforce. Before the outbreak of World War II almost every woman's job consisted of looking after the house and children and occasionally working as a domestic cleaner. With the manpower shortage during the war, women needed to take on the roles traditionally reserved for men. Educator Dr Johnston stated that “ War resulted in unexpected involvement by women in military, industrial, agricultural and voluntary organizations”(Women in World War II ). The United States government called on women to join the workforce so that men could serve in the armed forces. As the war progressed the jobs that women were required to fill became more and more male preserved. Cameron also states “At first women were encouraged into lowly paid jobs categorized as ‘women’s’ jobs orientated with clothing, food factories or hospital works, as the war progressed women were encouraged into...

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