The Roman Empire Essay

1079 words - 4 pages

When discussing the greatest empires in the history of the world, one that will always be included in the conversation is the Roman Empire. With an empire that spread from Hadrian’s Wall to Arabia, it is considered one of the mightiest empires in history. There was no single factor or individual that can be considered to be the driving force behind the success of the Roman Empire. It is rather a success founded upon political policies, military strength and cultural prosperity.
No empire in history has ever spread without a great military force. The Roman military stands out as one of history’s greatest forces. They were virtually unbeatable. One of the Romans many strengths was their ability to manufacture weapons. Roman weapon makers were able to enhance upon the technologies of other cultures. This gave the Army a tactical advantage over their adversaries. With stronger and more effective weaponry, the Roman Army was an unstoppable force. As their empire grew so did their arsenal of weaponry and consequently the effectiveness of the Roman Army. A prime example of how the Romans adapted weaponry that they encountered was the Gladius Hispaniensis. This was a Spanish long sword that was 34” in length. The Romans utilized the Gladius, as it is commonly know, in chariot warfare. Previously they had used their own short swords that had proven to be inadequate on the battlefield (Real Armor of God). In order to increase the number of soldiers within their armies, the Romans would often incorporate new soldiers upon conquering a new territory. This was done instead of the common practice of slaughtering the soldiers of those that had been conquered. In order to ensure that these mostly unwillingly recruits would not desert, the Romans would send these new recruits to the opposite end of the empire to fight. A major advantage that the Romans had was that their soldiers consisted primarily of professionals. These troops would train for years before they would go off to fight; unlike many of their opponents they faced who were utilizing untrained troops or peasants to compose their armies (Dambrath).
With the vast landscapes and diverse cultures that the Roman Empire ruled over, a strong political strategy had to be in place to maintain such a vast and diverse empire. The Roman Empire was made up of many self governing provinces that reported ultimately to Rome. The structure of these provinces was not of military control but of civil law. Governors were appointed to a limited term to govern the provinces (Lendering). Their terms were most likely limited in order to ensure provinces would not be inclined to break away from the empire. In order to ensure that a province would not become too large and powerful the Romans would split up large provinces into smaller elements. Although the Romans had an Emperor his position was not that of uncontested power. Much like the United States of today, the Roman government was...

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