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The Roman Occupation Of Britian Essay

2748 words - 11 pages

It is known that if you treat people well and are fair and just towards them, then they will intern be loyal and respect you. If the Romans had been fair to the people of Britain during their occupation after their invasion in 43 a.d. then they would have gained the respect of the people in England, and intern prospered as coexisting civilizations. Instead they raped and pillaged England of it's pride and honor. They destroyed the Druid religion of the people. They disrespected the customs of the Celts. They installed puppet kings to make the people think they had some in the Government. The Romans did all this from thousands of miles away. This general harsh treatment of the British people ...view middle of the document...

This time he sailed inland and landed up the Thames river. He defeated Cassivelaunus, the most powerful British King. Caesar was only able to stay for two months. Due to an insurrection in Gaul he had to remove his troops. Julius Caesar never returned to Briton again.When Claudius became emperor of Rome in 41 ad. he needed to gain respect quickly due to a physical deformity of his own. Things were also getting very hectic in Britain. Two Roman collaborators in Britain had been lost. Cunobelin, who let Roman traders in and established an early capital of Britain, had died. His estate was taken over by two sons who were reckless. They had attacked and defeated Rome's other ally Verica. Rome thought the lack of support for Verica would badly damage the prestige of Rome. This was just one of the reasons for invading Britain. Claudius also figured two legions in Britain would weaken the growing power of the Rhine garrison. Romans also thought that the only way they could suppress Druidism in Gaul was to suppress it in Britain.In 43 ad. Claudius decided to order Aulus Plautius to sail to Britain with 40,000 men. He left from Boulogne (A) Plaudius pulled into the port of Richborough (1) in Kent. He consolidated a beach head from Richborough to Canterbury (4). Plautius then advanced to Medway. Here he met in battle with Caractacus and Togodumus. He defeated them and advanced to the Thames river. He crossed at Londinium (5), which was then a small city that had just been populated. He waited there for the arrival of the emperor Claudius. They then advanced to Camulodunum (6) they designated it the Roman capital of Britain.To consolidate the rest of England, Plautius sent legion IX from Camulodunum (6) to establish a fortress in Lindum (10). He sent legion XIV and legion XX from Londinium (5) to establish a fortress on the Severn river up at Viroconium (11). Plautius also advanced II Augusta southward to the isle of Wight, then westward through Dorset. Legion II Augusta fought battles at Hod Hill (7) and Maiden Castle (8). They then moved northward and established a fortress at Gloucester. With these movements they set up a provincial frontier along the Severn-Avon-Trent line. This was patrolled by detachments from the legionary forces.The tribes of Britain were initially deprived of many customs. They were not allowed to fight each other. There was also no stealing allowed between tribes. The Romans wanted tribes to obey the Ius Gentium, which was the complex document that set law and order in their new colony. Few tribes members understood this law. Still, they were all punished under it.The ruling groups of the various tribes were demanded to pay tribute. To meet the demands made upon them by the procurator and his agents, the tribes had to resort to money lenders who flocked to Britain from Gaul and Italy. The money lenders were willing to loan hard cash on the security of land. Since land tenure and ownership Celtic tradition were wholly at odds with...

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