This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rotator Cuff Complex Essay

1985 words - 8 pages

The rotator cuff muscles play a vital role in dynamic stability of the shoulder and glenohumeral joint. The glenohumeral joint is a shallow socket that allows for multiple directional movements through the frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes. The glenohumeral joint has the widest range of motion of all the joints in the body. The shoulder complex contains three bones: the scapula, the clavicle, and the humerus providing shape, support, and biomechanical form. The repetitive and forceful external rotation of the humerus is the primary cause of micro-trauma in competitive athletes resulting in anterior instability. “Only recently has the subtle instability of the shoulder joint become recognized as one of the primary casues of shoulder pain and dysfunction in athlete, especially those under 35 years of age” (Barry, Dillingham & Mcguire, 2002). The injury can be acute or chronic with mechanic stresses being from intrinsic or extrinsic factor. The diagnosis and treatment options are based on the classification of the injury. The classification is based on the location (Articular or Bursal surface, or Complete) and severity of the tear (0-IV) with 0 being the normal and IV being very severe. For example, an articular surface injury with a minimal tear is A-I and a complete rotator cuff tear is a C-IV (Habermeyer, Magosch & Lichtenberg, 2006). Rehabilitation of the rotator cuff needs to include strength and static flexibility training to stabilize and restore the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder complex. A good prevention remedy is to include a strength training program for the length of the sport and remain part of a general fitness regimen.
The pathophysiology of the shoulder complex is important in understanding the complexity of rotator cuff injuries. “The shoulder joint is the articulation between the scapula and the humerus. The joint is known as the glenohumeral (GH) joint because of the two articulating bony surfaces” (Behnke, 2012, p. 45). The shoulder complex contains three bones: the scapula, the clavicle, and the humerus providing shape, support, and biomechanical form. The head of the humerus sits in the shallow socket in the glenoid fossa forming the GH joint. The supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and teres minor form the musculotendinous structure known as the rotator cuff. These muscles stabilize the shoulder girdle and provide fundamental movement through “all three cardinal planes” (Behnka, 2012, p. 51). The muscles generate force by contracting through concentric (force) and eccentric (deceleration) actions caused by a throwing action. The contractual actions of the rotator cuff muscles keep the humeral head inside the glenoid fossa. Shoulder injuries are common among athletes because the instability of the glenohumeral joint. This joint “allows a wider range of motion on multiple planes,” therefore the rotator cuff muscles must maximize their efforts to stabilize the GH joint (Barry et al., 2002, p. 143)....

Find Another Essay On The Rotator Cuff Complex

Shoulder Injuries in Baseball Players Essay

965 words - 4 pages repetitive motion required in pitching. Major shoulder injuries include bursitis, inflammation or tears of the tendons of the rotator cuff or rotator cuff tendonitis, shoulder instability, shoulder separation and labrum inflammation or tears. In order to understand the shoulder injuries of baseball players and especially of pitchers, you have to understand the motion involved in the act of throwing. Pitchers perform a wind up, cocking

Shoulder Arthroscopy Essay

1091 words - 5 pages avascular necrosis. Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy: Arthropathy is the degeneration of the weight bearing portion of the joint. When a large tear occurs in the rotator cuff (associated tendons and muscles that make up the shoulder joint), arthropathy may happen. This arthropathy can lead to cartilage destruction. It is one of the complex and severe forms of shoulder arthritis. This may lead to cartilage destruction. As a result, the joint may lose

Various Sports Injuries and their Treatment

1609 words - 6 pages accounts for seven. Concussions, while they are a common injury, do not occur as much as these others. An injury to the knee most often occurs because a knee has been rotated the wrong way or hyper extended. Most shoulder injuries are to the rotator cuff, either from one heavy trauma, such as falling on an outstretched arm, or overuse of the rotator cuff from excessive overhand motions. The elbow can be injured by repetitive twisting or gripping

Sports Medicine Shoulder Injuries

1272 words - 5 pages understand the injury. Advanced Ultrasound Imaging LLC is using their Ultrasound technology to better detect rotator cuff shoulder injuries. Previously MRI's were commonly used. There is a mixed reaction to the technology between orthopaedic surgeons and radiologists. Some embrace it, while others are still being slow to put it in to practice. Advantages of having an ultrasound range from it being a more accurate picture to not having to lie down

Important facts about Patellar Tendonitis and Shoulder Tendonitis

790 words - 3 pages tendonitis is a common injury that occurs in volleyball at both the recreational and elite levels. Shoulder tendonitis accounts for 8-20% of all overused volleyball injuries, usually to do with the rotator cuff. Spiking and serving are identified in a number of reports as the skills most associated will shoulder tendonitis in volleyball players. 75-90% of all shoulder injuries associated with volleyball are overused injuries resulting in

Bio Of Don Drysdale

482 words - 2 pages for a 500,000 three year contract to play and do what he loves, play the game of baseball. In 1969 a torn rotator cuff ended his career. He eventually went into the broadcasting company and became a consummate play-by-play man. He became good at telling his old stories of his days as a dodger and was greatly in demand for his wit and story telling abilities around the world. His aggressive pitching technique was exactly the opposite

The Discus Ring

804 words - 3 pages . It felt like everything fell apart. I dropped like a rock, right there in front of every state hopeful. I couldn't move my left arm at all. When I looked at it, the ball of my shoulder was clearly where my bicep should have been. I was taken home without my pride. I went to the hospital the next day, and they concluded that my shoulder barely existed. I tore every ligament, every tendon, all of the connective tissue, my rotator cuff, I severed

3 Common Gym Injuries: Causes and Prevention

704 words - 3 pages running. This type of injury can affect all major tendons in the body such as the knees, heels, or elbow; but it depends on the activity or exercise you're doing. Prevention: Among the ways that you may avoid this particular injury is to lessen the amount of strain on your tendons. Don't overdo one exercise, and especially don't do it for hours on end. If you run or use treadmills regularly, allow for some rest periods in between. Rotator Cuff

MRI of Soft Tissues

4007 words - 16 pages projections provide MR images of the muscles, bones and tendons of the glenohumeral joints of the shoulder. MRI also provides images of the rotator cuff tears, injury related to biceps tendon and glenoid labrum (Munk & Ryan, 2007).Indications for Shoulder MRIThe main indications for shoulder MRI are rotator cuff tear, arthritis, shoulder impingement symptoms, capsulitis (frozen shoulder) and calcific tendonitis (Shoulder imaging).Patient

Concussions are the Worst Type of Injury to Suffer Playing Professional Football

1872 words - 8 pages target most would be the muscles. Focusing in on muscle injuries, we deal with a tear to the muscles in the rotator cuff. These injuries can deal significant damage to the athlete’s movement and effectiveness in their arm. tells of how a rotator cuff injury affects athletes in saying “When the rotator cuff is injured, people sometimes do not recover the full shoulder function needed to properly participate in an athletic activity.” When

The Definition of Rheumatoid Arthritis

550 words - 3 pages proximal forearm Elbow • Flexion contractures, nodules on olecranon, ankylosis, crepitation with motion cubital tunnel syndrome, instability Shoulder • Crepitation with motion, synovial hypertrophy, restricted glenohumeral motion, muscle atrophy, weakness in rotator cuff muscles, ruptured bicep tendon Cervical • Decreased range of motion or pain with range of motion, cervical myelopathy It is quality of life where occupational therapy strives to

Similar Essays

The Bicep Tendon In Rotator Cuff Repair Procedures

1997 words - 8 pages Tears). There are several methods of repairing the rotator. A surgeon may elect to do an open procedure, an arthroscopic procedure, or a combination of both. The method of operation depends greatly on the injury to the shoulder. Generally an open tear is best when “the tear is large or complex. The surgeon makes the incision over the shoulder and detaches the shoulder muscle (deltoid) to better see and gain access to the torn tendon” (Rotator Cuff

The 5 Things You Must Know About Rotator Cuff Surgery: Before, During And After

685 words - 3 pages Having a torn rotator cuff is extremely painful. It will interfere with daily routines often times to the point of preventing you from being able to do normal everyday chores. There are treatments available for damage, however, if all other treatments have failed to work or if your physician has recommended surgery to repair the tear there are important facts you should know prior to having the surgery. First, is recognizing certain symptoms

Shoulder Impingement Essay

2547 words - 10 pages supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and the long head of the biceps tendon, all of which are located under the coracoacromial arch (Prentice 2001). Impingement has been described as a continuum during which repetitive compression eventually leads to irritation and inflammation that progresses to fibrosis and eventually to rupture of the rotator cuff. Because impingement involves a spectrum of lesions of tissue in the shoulder, a working knowledge

Rotator Cuff Tears Essay

1891 words - 8 pages Introduction: Rotator Cuft A rotator cuff is simply a group of four tendons and muscles that are located right on the shoulder and on top of the humerus bone. (Source 1) The rotator cuff is what controls the shoulder and allows it to move and be mobile. The four main muscles that consist of the tendons are the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles. (Source 2). Too much wear and tear on these muscles (such as too