When the Founding Fathers created this nation, they believed that the citizens of it would be held together through the common desire for equality and freedom. Contrary to their predictions, the definitions of equal and free came in to question through the persistent plunder of abolitionist and separated the crumbling democracy in to two sectors: North and South. The Civil War emerged out of this debate and started America on the long path towards change.
The War, although deeply rooted in our Nation’s beginnings, technically began with the attack on Fort Sumter. The union coveted this spot on confederate soil in order to present their power over the south.To the confederates, the fort was a symbol of the ever-present north, who was set our to hinder their economy and way of life. The confederates finally attacked the fort on April 12 1861 and the union, being short on supplies, surrendered. This was the mark of the beginning of the civil war.
The South started the war with a surprising amount of successes, considering the many advantages of the North. These advantages included, but we're not limited to, the majority of free males, fire arm construction, railroads and naval ship tonnage. From a shallow perspective, the Confederacy was hopeless. Yet many countries still predicted their victory. It could have been speculated that the Southern men were "rough and tough" due to their upbringing. The south was also fighting a defensive war, meaning that they only had to focus on defending their territory.
These advantages seemed to be enough to counter strong union forces until the battles of Vicksburg and Gettysburg. This was the major turning point in the war. Under command of General Ulysses S. Grant, the Union took victory in the single most bloody battle in American history, killing almost a third of Lee's army. This was Lee's last offense on in Northern Territory yet, despite the loss, he still held much of the south and therefor, a fighting chance. Still, more cities fell, including Atlanta, Savannah, Petersburg and Richmond. After the fall of Petersburg and Richmond the Confederacy was pinned down and forced to surrender.
Throughout the dynamic war, change also appeared through the images of African Americans. Although the Fugitive Slave laws were still in place, slaves who ran away and crossed Northern lines were considered free by the Union. Many slaves, viewing Lincoln and his country as their gateway to freedom, joined the union army. Most were employed to do labor such as laundry, carpentry and scouting, but many fought in battle. Beyond...