This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Royal Commission Into Aboriginal Deaths In Custody Includes Bibliography

1107 words - 4 pages

The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody 1987-1991*******(brief description on essay)In October 1987, a Royal Commission was established to investigate 99 Aboriginal Deaths that occurred while in police custody or prison. The Commissioners made 339 recommendations but these have only been partially implemented. Today there are still difficulties arising within Indigenous Australian communities and prisons because the problem was not dealt with suitably in the past.*******The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was established in 1987, in response to a public outcry, particularly in the Indigenous community, over the number of Indigenous Australians dying while in prison or under police custody. It was established following an epidemic of 22 Aboriginal deaths in custody in a period of only six months. Aboriginal activists and their supporters campaigned for government action to address the issue of the high rates of Aboriginal people in custody and of their deaths. Even during the three-year investigation by the Royal Commission, deaths were mounting up. By 30th November 1988, the total number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths in custody was 103 and rising. At this same point in time, the Commission had only investigated twenty-five of the ninety-nine deaths and Aboriginal groups were beginning to protest, not for the first time, at the slow progress of the Royal Commission.The Royal Commission investigated the deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody. In doing so, it established a vivid profile of the lives of those who died-young people for the most part who had experienced unemployment, inadequate education, separation from their families, early contact with the criminal system, poor health, problems with alcohol, and economic and social disadvantages. The central fact for the establishment of the Royal Commission was that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were, and still are, grossly over-represented in custody and that this is the cause of totally unacceptable number of deaths. In turn, the Royal Commission describes as the most important contributing factor to over-representation, the disadvantaged and unequal position of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in our society- socially, economically and culturally.The Royal Commission found that it was not that an Aboriginal person had a greater chance of dying in custody than a non-Aboriginal person, but that a much higher proportion of the Aboriginal community was in custody at any given time. Aboriginal peoples were found to be in custody at a rate 29 times higher that the general community. If non-Aboriginal people had entered custody at that rate over the period covered by the Commission (1980-89) there would have been 8500 non-Aboriginal deaths.One of the problems found by the Royal Commission was that the conditions within police custody or prison cells, were extremely poor. This was seen as a major...

Find Another Essay On The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody - Includes Bibliography

Dionysus: The God of Wine includes bibliography

2034 words - 8 pages in love and agreed. She then asked him to show her his true form. Zeus, was unhappy, and knew what would happen but, having sworn he had no choice. He appeared in his true form and Semele was instantly burnt to death by the sight of his glory. Zeus did manage to rescue Dionysus and stitched him into his thigh to hold him until he was ready to be born.His birth from Zeus alone conferred immortality upon him. Dionysus' problems with Hera were not

A study on problems faced by Asian Indian Americans in the US. Includes a bibliography

1756 words - 7 pages United States and India. Many of them were old, and required wheelchair assistance at the airports. Many of them also had special diet requirements. Many were also culturally confused, although most of them could speak English. This led me to believe that they were not quite able to fit into the American way of life, and faced certain problems that should be looked into. Over the past few years, I also came to know an elderly Indian couple here in

Inter-organismal Transport in Paramecium. This essay includes a bibliography

1461 words - 6 pages be broken down and distributed with out the stomach-like Lysosomes. After the enzymes break down the food from polymers to monomers the food is able to diffuse through the membranes into the cytoplasm where it is used (Cellular Digestion, 1). Additionally important, and on a similarly small level, the Contractile vacuoles play a vital role in transport of a different kind. The purpose of contractile vacuoles is to "regulate osmotic pressure

"The Power and the Glory" by Graham Greene. Includes bibliography

1171 words - 5 pages anything associated with it. This includes religious pictures, objects, and reading material. It is the job of the lieutenant to enforce these laws and bring justice to those who violate them. It just so happens that the lieutenant's views of this situation coincide with that of the state. The lieutenant wants to wipe out Catholicism and create a better, communistic society. He does not believe in God or an afterlife as implied by the lieutenant

Review of the findings of the joint parliamentary Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs in their inquiry into child custody issues of Australia

1188 words - 5 pages In June 2003, a joint parliamentary Standing Committee on Family and Community Affairs was commissioned by the Prime Minister to conduct an inquiry into child custody issues and the child support formula. The committee presented its report on the 29th of December 2003 along with its recommendations for reform of the Family Law Act 1975. The focus of this report will be on an evaluation of the existing law and the recommendations provided by the

The Themes in the Aboriginal

1326 words - 5 pages The Themes in the Aboriginal orPost-colonial LiteratureLike all human societies, Aboriginal society has operated on a core set of values and beliefs that are complex and form the basis for religious practice and ways of being and doing. Under the power of control and uneven treatment, aboriginal people have their sincere view of nature, home, language, religion, hope, life and death. The literature, which played a reflective as well as a

The Three Deaths in Hinton's The Outsiders

1325 words - 5 pages During the course of the novel “The Outsiders” there are three linked deaths that change the relationships between the Curtis brothers in many different ways. The soc, Bob Sheldon, dies first. When Ponyboy and Johnny flee after Darry hit Ponyboy they run into their rivals Bob and his best friend Randy Adderson. Bob takes Ponyboy and starts drowning him until Johnny gets his switchblade out and kills Bob. After this, Johnny dies. Dally (a greaser

Trade in Seal Products - The European Commission

2459 words - 10 pages countries. The Regulation purposed to ensure that there are no products derived from seals found on the European market. The Regulation was published in the Official Journal on 31 October 2009, entering into force on 20 November 2009 while the ban itself entered into force on 20 August 2010. Before proceeding further to discuss the seal dispute, it is essential to draw attention to the key features of the EC Regulation on the trade in seal

History of Child Custody Arrangements in the U.S.

785 words - 4 pages Children used to be considered to be the property of their fathers. This dates back to the Roman times as well as in English common law. The fathers had the rights to sell the children, had the right to enter them into enforced labor. However, he also had the legal obligation to educate, support and protect his children. Basically fathers had all the rights to the children, and the mothers had none. Thus, in divorce, the father had absolute

Safeguarding the Rights of Suspects in Police Custody

1979 words - 8 pages to silence. The right to a solicitor is more likely to help a defendant since it is highly probable that a qualified solicitor will be obtained which would help to prevent any false confessions. Bibliography Books K Bottomley et al. (1990) Safeguarding the rights of suspects in police custody Hain, P. (1976) Mistaken Identity: the wrong face of the law, Quartet Books, London Hinton, R (1995

A Day in Court in ‘Keeping Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People out of Custody’ by Chris Cunneen and David McDonald

974 words - 4 pages Rozencwaig made point to the fact that Victorian prisons had an over-representation of Indigenous offenders within the institutions. Magistrate Rozencwaig believed an intervention strategy would be of benefit to the defendant. The book ‘Keeping Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People out of Custody’ supports Magistrate Rozencwaig’s point, stating that there is ‘Aboriginal over-representation in police custody, courts and prison’. This reinforces

Similar Essays

Aboriginal Deaths In Custody History Of Colonization In Australia, Australian Society, Statistics, Western Society. Includes Extensive Bibliography A Mark

2635 words - 11 pages explained as a cultural phenomenon, rather than simply a statistical one. The Royal Commission into Deaths in Custody provides horrific statistical data in relation to death rates and causes. The reason for the high death rates can be related to cultural biases in prison and unfair, racist treatment within society. These reasons have many serious implications on the lives of the Aboriginal society. The Royal Commission and ATSIC are currently

A Biography On Serge Diaghilev. Goes Into His Life, Dances, Performers, And Includes A Bibliography

610 words - 3 pages Serge DiaghilevBy Lindsey CobbSerge Diaghilev was born on March 19, 1872, in Perm, Russia. (Cochran) Diaghilev had a stepmother, but there were no professional dancers in his family. (Waters, 1) He attended St. Petersburg for law school, but soon left school because he had a love of the arts. (Mara, 44)Diaghilev worked for Imperial theaters, and later, in 1911, formed his own company, the Ballet Russes. In 1899, He created his own magazine, Mir

Certain "Social Indicators" Have Been Identified As Underlying Issues In The Rciadic Report. Discuss How These Indicators Contribute To The Over Representation Of Aboriginal People In Custody

1701 words - 7 pages When the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) came to completion in 1991, 339 recommendations were made by the commissioners. The most influential finding from the Royal Commission was that Indigenous persons are no more likely to die in custody than Non Indigenous persons. However, it was found that being Indigenous was a significant and in most cases dominant role in there being in custody to begin with. These

Corporate Governance In Annual Reports. Includes Shell, Ahold, Philips And The New Cg Rules In The Netherlands (Commission Tabaksblat)

4873 words - 19 pages 1. What is corporate governance?32 Corporate governance in The Netherlands42.2 Commission Tabaksblat42.3 The two tier system42.3.2 Board of directors42.3.3 The management42.3.4 Shareholders52.3.5 Controllers en accountants53. What went wrong?73.2 How does corporate governance affect your investment?73.3 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act74 Applied corporate governance94.1 ABN Amro94.1.2 The Supervisory Board94.1.3 The Management Board94.1.4