The Russian Revolution: To What Extent Was Powerful Revolutionary Leadership And Clear Revolutionary Ideas The Reason For The Successful Bolshevik Revolution In October 1917?

1703 words - 7 pages

The powerful leadership and ideas of the Bolshevik party were the foundation that helped them to successfully achieve the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Revolution remained in Russia because the ideology was aimed at the demands of the Russian workers and peasants. There was also a void in the government that needed to be filled and this made Russian vulnerable to Revolution. "The Tsar was replaced by an autocratic, oppressive bureaucratic and militaristic police state under the Bolsheviks." The Bolsheviks were a well organised and highly disciplined party, whose main aim was to achieve a revolution. The revolution was easily achievable for the Bolsheviks due to the weaknesses of the Tsar and his autocratic state, influential leadership from both Lenin and Trotsky and powerful ideology in the form of Marxism, and Bolshevism. The leadership and ideas of the party formed a strong basis for their revolution and led to their successful seizure of power on the 7th November 1917.The weaknesses of the Tsar and his autocratic state made the revolution easily achievable for the Bolshevik party. Tsar Nicholas II came to the throne in 1894; he was an autocrat who had complete and absolute power over Russia. Nicholas was not ready to become Tsar and as a result he significantly contributed the collapse of his government. His downfall as a leader was due to his love for his family, he cared so much for them that he let his leadership falter; he spent a lot of time with his haemophiliac son and heir to the Russian throne Alexis. He was also disinterested in political matters of the Monarch finding them to be extremely tedious. Nicholas himself believed he was unfit to rule Russia, his own sister the Grand Duchess Olga wrote in her diaries of how "He kept saying ... that he was wholly unfit to reign." Even his ministers thought he was unfit to rule Russia one was reported saying "Nicholas was not fit to run a village post office." The criticism of Nicholas' leadership did not end here Leon Trotsky believed "His ancestors did not pass on to him one quality which would have made him capable of governing an empire." Even though Nicholas was incapable of effectively ruling Russia, he was still reluctant to give up the throne. During the Tsar's reign over Russia he made numerous "mistakes" that led to his eventual demise. His last and final decision to leave Russia and go to the war front, leaving the Tsarina to run the country created further discontent amongst the people of Russia and allowed much of the blame for Russia's problems to be laid on the Tsar himself, forcing him to abdicate on the 15th March 1917.Lenin became the inspirational leader of the Bolsheviks and the main driving force behind the revolution. Lenin was profoundly affected by his brother's execution and as a result became a revolutionary leader. Lenin's personality was the force that caused the Social Democratic Party to split in two and as a result formed the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. Once...

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