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The Russian Revolution Was A Direct Result Of The First World War.

880 words - 4 pages

Revolution broke out in 1917 as a direct result of World War 1. Russia's economic transition into an industrialised country could not cope with the money needed to fund a war which led to spiralling morale issues within Russia and consequently crippled the Tsar's support amongst the population of Russia.Russia had created a radical economic management plan to rapidly accelerate their transition into an industrial power. The Tsar felt as though Russia had been in a sense left behind because as Britain and the USA were producing at astronomical levels. The Tsar felt as though Russia could achieve industrialisation and set out a series of economic management plans to achieve this goal. In essence the plan was exceptional as Russia was beginning to rapidly gain lost time but the plan was created without the ability to evolve when circumstances changed. This was exactly what happened when Russia went into World War 1. Because the plan had not been entailed with the ability to transform if a war eventuated it meant that Russia had no money to fully equip the army. The fact that the pre war projections of ammunition and other necessities during war where far less than what was needed meant that the Russian army went into battle with the men having to "Pick up the guns of fallen friends."When the pre war projections where in fact correct the materials could not be transported to the war front as railroads were heavily congested. This resulted in heavy defeats of the Russian army. All in all over 8 million Russian men where either killed, captured or 'lost'. This considerably lowered the morale of the Russian army and although for a brief period the Russian army won a series of battles they just couldn't cope with the scarce ammunition, guns etc. This led the Tsar himself coordinating the Russian attacks and subsequently meant that he left Petrograd. This proved to be perhaps his greatest mistake for two reasons. The first is that he left the Tsarina in charge of day to day Russian governance and the second is that he had no previous knowledge of battle tactics and it showed. With Nicholas II in charge the Russian army made many blunders which eventually would cost Nicholas II Russia.To gain support for the war amongst his own people the Tsar through the use of the media created an anti German sentiment. One of the most well known devices used to create this reaction was the changing of St. Petersburg to Petrograd. This name change signalled Russia's intent and also stirred nationalism among...

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