The Russo-Japanese War
The Russo Japanese war was a conflict between Russia and Japan in
1904-1905. The cause of the war was because Russia wanted to expand
into Asia and ran into Japanese plans for gaining a foothold on Asia
main land. In 1898 Russia leased Port Arthur from china, with the
intention of making it into a great Asiatic port and the headquarters
of Russian naval power in the pacific. Russia already had troops in
Manchuria during the boxer rebellion in 1900, but Russia had to face
the anglo-japanese alliance of 1902, which promised to leave Chinese
territory. The promise was not kept and in June 1903 Japan proposed a
mutual agreement recognising japans interest in Korea and Russia's in
Manchuria and ensuring the integrity of china and Korea. Russia
refused the proposal and caused the Japanese navy to launch a surprise
attack to port Arthur and then blockaded the damaged Russian fleet on
February 8 1904. The declaration of war followed on February 10.
Japans naval power was well over double the power than Russia, which
gave Japan an advantage.
Also when Japan was under the power of Emperor Meiji it had embarked
upon a series of sweeping reforms aimed at rapid modernisation along
western line. And the Japanese army and navy were far better prepared
and equipped than the Russian forces and won a series of major
The reason why the Russian forces were not successful against Japanese
was not because their troops fought badly, but their military
commanders had not prepared effectively and this allowed the Japanese
to out manoeuvre the Russians unimaginative strategy.
In march, 1904 the first Japanese army landed in Korea and Namp'o, it
then face the Russians on Yalu river and the Russian commander decided
to hold the defensive until reinforcements arrived for them to move
The Japanese commander built up a 4-1 troop advantage and forced a
passage across the Yalu on May 1. The Japanese losses...