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The Rwandan Genocide, A Time Of Darkness And Death

1108 words - 5 pages

The Rwandan Genocide was a time of ruthless slaughter in the African state of Rwanda. This time of murder would drastically symbolize the long standing racial discrimination against the Hutu. The years of segregation of the Hutu would lead to a dramatic, devastating, and deadly revolt carried out by the Hutu. The Rwandan Genocide occurred during the year of 1994 caused by years of inequality against the Hutu from the Tutsi.

At first, Rwanda was colonized during the era of European colonization around 1880’s through the 1900’s. Rwanda then became a German colony. Finally in the early 1900’s, it became a Belgian colony caused by the Germans losing World War I .Even though Germany took over Rwanda, after the Europeans, they would be responsible for laying out a rigid structure of racism, segregation, and defiance based on physical characteristics including the color of skin. The Belgian views of the Tutsi were great, they looked at them as elite, civilized, but most important, more European than they viewed the Hutu, this is a significant part in deciding if you were considered a Hutu or a Tutsi. The Belgians would measure the width of their nose to determine ‘how black’ they were. This would ultimately decide if you were Tutsi or Hutu. This would lead to major discrimination and segregation against the Hutu. For years the Tutsi elite would be favored over the Hutu. The Tutsi held a higher political power, administrative power, and educational power. Belgium was one of the main contributors to the long standing, intense, and deadly feud between the Tutsi and Hutu. Rwanda then gained its independence from Belgium in the early 1960’s. After the last great Mwami did, the Hutu’s started a revolution which drove Belgium out of Rwanda. Rwanda then gained its independence from Belgium in the early 1960’s.

After the Belgium’s were out of Rwanda, there was no way to control the separation of the Hutu and Tutsi. The Hutu were able to take over the government. Violence during the uprisings between the Tutsi and Hutu resulted in the deaths of thousands of Tutsi. The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) responds by launching several attacks against the Hutu government. The Hutu government signs a peace treaty with the Tutsi RPF. After this happened, the Rwandan President, Juvénal Habyarimana, a hutu, was killed on April 6, 1994, when his plane was shot down over the Kigali airport. His plane was shot down by a Hutu because of his cooperation with the Tutsi. This act would be the initial spark of the Rwandan Genocide.

During the genocide, an estimated eight-hundred thousand lives were lost in a course of 100 days, consisting of children, women, and men. Within the first eight days of the genocide around twenty-thousand live’s vanished. Out of the nearly eight-hundred thousand people, primarily Tutsi, were systematically massacred with the encouragement and support of the government. Since bullets were very expensive, these atrocities were carried out by often...

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