This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rwandan Genocide: Factors That Contribute To Genocide

2907 words - 12 pages

When the Belgian colonizers entered Rwanda in 1924, they created an ethnic classification between the Hutu and the Tutsi, two tribes who used to live together as one. After independence in 1962, there was a constant power struggle between the two tribes. Former Canadian Prime Minister, Jean-Pierre Chrétien described the situation as “tribalism without tribes.” (Destexhe, 1995) There were many signs leading towards genocide, yet the nations in power chose to ignore them. From April 6, 1994 until mid-July, a time spanning approximately of 100 days, 800,000 people were murdered when the Hutu attacked the Tutsi. No foreign aid came to the rescue until it was too late. Ten years after the genocide the United Nations was still involved in Rwanda, cleaning up the mess that was left behind because of man’s sinful nature. Could the Rwandan Genocide have been prevented, or is it simply a fact of life? Even though the international community is monitoring every country and race, such an event as the Rwandan Genocide could occur again because the European colonizers introduced ethnic classification where it did not exist and the nations in power chose to ignore the blatant signs of genocide.

Define the Issue
Genocide is the “deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.” (, 2010) In 1924, after World War I, Belgian colonists entered Rwanda and allowed the Tutsi dynasty to remain in power. However, after World War II concepts of right and wrong changed. Since the Belgians had been favouring the Tutsis, this change in ethics caused the Belgians to have compassion on the Hutus and promote the Hutu cause, creating tension. (Thompson, 2007) It was the Belgians who created an ethnic classification system, and upon independence in 1962 nothing changed, allowing for genocide.
In 1993 the Hutu president, Habyarimana started to use radio broadcasts to try and create a feeling of hatred amongst the Hutu against the Tutsi. One example was, “The grave is only half full. Who will help us fill it?” or in 1994, “By 5 May, the country must be completely cleansed of Tutsis.” (Destexhe, 1995) President Habyarimana issued threats on two levels. Publicly, the Tutsi race was threatened of annihilation. Yet the radio broadcasts also made the Hutus feel as if they were under threat, and must attack the Tutsis.
When on April 6, 1994 Hutu President Habyarimana died after his plane was shot down, Rwanda’s extremist Hutu immediately sent out an order for Rwanda’s mayors, militias, and death squads to start killing the Tutsis. From there, the Interhamwe (those who attack together), an unofficial militia group of about 30,000 fighters, was organized. (Gale, 2010) Those in power started to create death lists, hunt down the Tutsi on these lists and kill them. Radios broadcasted the command for all Hutus to join the campaign to kill the Tutsis. The speed and level of violence shocked many as Hutu gangs...

Find Another Essay On The Rwandan Genocide: Factors that Contribute to Genocide

Rwandan genocide Essay

829 words - 3 pages incidence. However, most people today think that we, as the citizen of the democratic society, are inconsequential to that genocide; it just happened because of the conflict of those two tribes in Rwanda. I strongly disagree with that idea, and in this research project, I claim that we are the part of cause of the Rwandan genocide. Why did the genocide happen? What is the purpose of genocide? What are people trying to achieve in carrying out

Rwandan Genocide Essay

1174 words - 5 pages Africa has been an interesting location of conflicts. From the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea to the revolutionary conflict in Libya and Egypt, one of the greatest conflicts is the Rwandan Genocide. The Rwandan Genocide included two tribes in Rwanda: Tutsis and Hutus. Upon revenge, the Hutus massacred many Tutsis and other Hutus that supported the Tutsis. This gruesome war lasted for a 100 days. Up to this date, there have been many

Rwandan Genocide

3093 words - 12 pages Hutu population to participate in the genocide. “But beyond that, they also aimed at creating collective responsibility for the genocide. People were encouraged to kill together, just as soldiers in a firing squad are ordered to discharge their weapons simultaneously so that no one should bear individual or total responsibility for the execution” (Desforges 1999, 589). As the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group of exiled Tutsis, invaded the state, the

Rwandan Genocide

2082 words - 9 pages The world has seen many gruesome acts throughout history. These acts are often too cruel to even imagine for some people. The Rwandan Genocide is without a doubt one of these acts. This genocide is a very controversial topic that stirs up a lot of anger, emotion and regret. The Rwandan genocide shows a prime example of a country ignored when it needed help the most. The Rwandan genocide occurred in 1994. The two main ethnic groups in Rwanda

Rwandan Genocide - 692 words

692 words - 3 pages started giving young Hutus machetes and training them in combat, officially stating that this was the only way to defend themselves against the growing threat of the Rwandan Patriotic Force. In March 1993 the Hutu Power began making a list of traitors whom they planned to kill, possibly putting the president’s name on that list. Then, on April 6, 1994 an airplane carrying President Juvénal Habyarimana and the Hutu president of Burundi was shot down

Rwandan Genocide - 1125 words

1125 words - 5 pages . After the genocide, government officials, soldiers and militia who were involed and participated in the genocide fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Zaire to avoid to RPF. The Rwandan government began the very anticipated genocide trials at the end of 1996. The long delay was due to the fact that the country had lost most of its judicial personnel, not to mention the destruction to courts, jails and other sturctures. By year 2000

Roots of the Rwandan Genocide

1945 words - 8 pages On April 6, 1994, Rwanda experienced a period of great turmoil as thousands of people fell victim to the horrors of the Rwandan genocide. The main targets of the genocide were Tutsis and Hutu moderates. Though the main cause of the genocide was a conflict between two ethnicities, the genocide was also fueled by political factors and social conditions. Rwanda is the smallest sub-Saharan country with a population of about 7 million inhabitants

The Rwandan Genocide of 1994

1381 words - 6 pages In April of 1994 a terrible event took place, one where approximately one-million people were brutally murdered on the basis of their ethnicity or if they opposed the regime. (Uvin, 2003). This terrible event occurred in Rwanda, and it is known as the Rwandan Genocide. Genocide can be described as a one sided mass killing in which the state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are identified by the

A Comprehensive Analysis of the Rwandan Genocide to the Holocaust

1432 words - 6 pages culture. The hatred of the Jewish culture grew when several Jews held government positions in the Weimar era. Similarities The Holocaust and the Rwandan genocide did display some similarities when occurring. Both portrayed certain characteristics and conditions for the genocide to occur: a national culture that did not place a high value of human life; a totalitarian society with superior ideology; and members of the dominate culture

Rwandan Genocide Research Paper

1255 words - 6 pages People can be mean, rude, and even bullies. Genocide is a mix of all three of these things and not just one person is acting like that. A group of people can be picking on a specific race or community of people. The world today is like Genocide because we believe that one person must get rid of a weaker person to get to the top. In the Rwandan Genocide the Hutu Tribe wanted to eliminate the Tutsi Tribe because they thought that they were better

A Look at the Rwandan Genocide

1442 words - 6 pages Rwandan population was killed. Before the genocide, Rwanda consisted of 85% Hutus and only 15% Tutsis (Anderson 1). This goes to show that Hutus were killed as well as Tutsis. Also more Hutus didn’t support the rebellion than did because if they different follow Hutu Leaders’ command, they were killed. In a sense the Rwandan genocide is similar to the Holocaust because most Germans didn’t support the Holocaust just like most Hutus didn’t support the

Similar Essays

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1152 words - 5 pages In today’s world, it is of the utmost importance to learn from mistakes of the past. Certain events, especially tragedies that could have been avoided, hold within them the lessons and wisdom that should be used to prevent similar disasters. The 1994 Rwandan genocide resulted in over 800, 000 deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1315 words - 5 pages continued for decades. Before his tragic death, President Habyarimana ran a totalitarian government in Rwanda, excluding the Tutsis. On August 3, 1993, a new system weakened the Hutus in Rwanda. It allowed Tutsis to have a say in government, upsetting the Hutus and extremists (History). There was a significant event that sparked the Rwandan Genocide. On April 6, 1994 at 8:30 p.m., President Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda was returning from

Regarding The Rwandan Genocide Essay

937 words - 4 pages end on April 6th, 1994 when Habyarimana was killed in a plane crash; purposely shot-down by an anonymous. It served as the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide, allowing each side to claim its innocence of the murder. The United States must intervene to ensure world peace and human rights of the Tutsis by using political instruments such as sending in relief works, and doctors, and issuing threats. Relief workers should be sent in to first, see how

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

956 words - 4 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a terrible event in Africa's history that decimated many minorities in Rwanda. The Hutu killed 800,000 people of minority in Rwanda, including Tutsi and Pygmy people in 100 days, and if it was scaled to the length of time the Holocaust took place, the casualties would be more than 34 million people killed. Citizens were told to gather arms and fight against their neighbor, and many obeyed. Before the war By the 1990’s