All human beings are born with Original sin and without Sanctifying grace. Original sin was the very first sin that was committed by the first humans, Adam and Eve. It can be erased off of someone’s soul by the sacrament known as Baptism. Baptism consists of matter and form. Its effects get rid of original sin and any other sin committed before receiving the sacrament, and remits all the punishments from the sins as well. It bestows sanctifying grace and sacramental grace. This sacrament can only be received once, and once it is, a permanent mark is left upon the soul and the recipient becomes a member of Christ and His Church. It is a necessary sacrament to reach Heaven.
The word baptism comes from the Greek language meaning dipping in/under water. Original sin is the first sin that was committed by Adam and Eve. It left a mark upon every soul after that, beside Mary and Jesus. Baptism washes away the stain of original sin. Original sin is imbedded on the souls of every man. Through the ceremony of Baptism it can finally be removed.
Christ alone instituted the Sacrament of Baptism. The time that Baptism was instituted was not recorded. According to St. Augustine, St. Gregory, and St. Thomas the Sacrament may have been instituted when Christ Himself was baptized by St. John the Baptist. It wasn’t a sacrament before Christ instituted it because He had not yet opened the gate to Heaven. Only Christ has the power to institute a sacrament. We know this from scripture. The people that were baptized had their graces delayed until it was declared a Sacrament.
The essentials in the administration of Baptism are the matter, the form, the Minister, and the recipient. The matter is the holy water that washes over the head of the recipient. The form is these words “I baptize thee in the name of the Father, the Son, and of the Holy Ghost” which are said during the ceremony. The Minister can either be ordinary, such as a priest or bishop, or extraordinary, such as an unbaptized layman, depending on the circumstances, just as long as have the right intentions. The recipient of baptism can be any man, such as a young child or as an older adult. Just as long as they are human and have the right intentions they can be baptized.
There are many effects of Baptism, but the chief effects are: that it brings forth complete forgiveness and remission of the punishments due to original sin and all actual sin that has been committed up to that time; it imparts a character of a Christian that can never be effaced from the soul; it gains sanctifying grace because of...