The Sad Statistic Behind Wrongful Convictions

1546 words - 6 pages

Wrongful convictions
According to visual.ly, “The sad stats behind wrongful convictions”, show that, since 1989, 300 convictions have been overturned as a result of DNA evidence. Seventeen people wrongfully convicted were sent to death row. The average person spent 13 years in prison before released; roughly 3944 years have been served in prison by innocent people. Last but not least, during the past 23 years, over 2000 wrongfully convicted individuals have been exonerated. Wrongful convictions resources explosion show the failure of the justice system, and it will continue to occur, the challenge that the justice system is facing now is not trying to stop the wrongful convictions, it is to minimize the number of miscarriage of justice that occur. Wrongful convictions are an extremely important case of social injustice. Wrongful convictions occur when the miscarriage of justice primarily convict and punish a person or a crime that he or she did not committed.
Once again wrongful convictions are the miscarriage of justice system that occurs when the system convict and punish person for a crime that she or he did not commit. That person can be send to jail, even to death by executed. During the past 23 years there are more than 2000 cases of wrongful convictions have been exonerated. Nowadays, in prison, there are many innocence people still have to serve for what they did not do. According to law.umich.edu website of University of Michigan law school, in the article “Causes of wrongful convictions”. There are five majority causes of wrongful convictions. The first factor is eyewitness misidentifications; this is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide. Research shows that the human mind is not like a tape recorder, we neither record event exactly as we see them, or recall them like a tape that have been rewound. Instead, witness memory is like any other evidence at crime scene, it must be preserved carefully and retrieved methodically, or it can be contaminated. The second factor is junk science; many forensic testing methods have been applied with little or no scientific validation, and with inadequate assessment of their significance or reliability. As a result, forensic analysts sometimes testify in cases without proper scientific basis for these findings, and in some cases, forensic analysts have engaged in misconduct. The third factor is false confession, in many cases innocent defendants make incriminating statements, deliver outright confessions, or plead guilty, regardless of the age, capacity, or state of confessor, what they often have in common is a decision at some point- during the interrogation process – the confessing will be more beneficial to them than continuing to maintain their innocence. The fourth factor is government misconduct, in some cases, government official take steps to ensure that the defendants is convicted despite week evidences or even clear proof of innocence. The last...

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