The Salem Witch Trials And Mc Carthyism In Arthur Miller´S The Crucible

788 words - 3 pages

Telling lies, making false accusations, having suspicion, betraying others and creating fear in others are just some of the factors that caused McCarthyism in the United States. Named after Joseph McCarthy, McCarthyism is the false accusation of someone being a communist. Numerous playwrights are recognized as an allegory for McCarthyism. Arthur Miller, born in 1915, was one of America’s greatest writers for his diversity, his courage, and the influence that he has made on readers all around the world. Arthur Miller is well known for his play “The Crucible” as well as other plays. One may believe that Giles Corey from “The Crucible” is very like Arthur Miller. This is because they have a similar attitude against false accusations. Miller uses McCarthyism and The Salem Witch Trials not only in “The Crucible”, but in other works too. The McCarthy era, The Salem Witch Trials, and “The Crucible” all have similarities between each other.
One may believe that “The Crucible” is an allegory for McCarthyism because back in 1956, Arthur Miller and other townspeople were called before the House Un-American Activities Committee and a lot of them became blacklisted. Senator McCarthy suspected many people of being Communist Party Members and the accused would have had to defend themselves against the HUAC. Miller refused to name the suspected communists and because of that he was convicted for contempt of court. “In 1957, four years after the play's premiere, Miller testified before the House Committee; although he admitted that he had attended a meeting of communist writers, he denied ever having been a member of the Communist” (Contemporary Literary Criticism Select). Miller wrote this play during the McCarthyism era and the plays theme involves McCarthyism. McCarthyism had a huge influence on Arthur Miller and this is shown throughout the play.
The Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism also have very much in common. “The Salem Witch Trials are among the best known and best documented trials in the history of witchcraft persecution”(Maierhofer). Abigail Williams was accusing people like there’s been no tomorrow and most of the accusations had little to no proof at all. Abigail was known for creating mass hysteria during the 1690s and Joseph McCarthy was known for creating mass hysteria during the McCarthy hearings. This is...

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