The San Bushmen Of The Kalahari Desert

2157 words - 9 pages

The San Bushmen’s way of life is very difficult to identify with for almost anyone but the Bushmen themselves. The Bushmen are a peaceful people who are believed, by some, to have been the ancestors of the world. They now live in the Kalahari Desert, which is a rough terrain with almost no water and very little animal game. The water is so scarce because there is very little rainfall. The water and animals have become gods to the Bushmen because they are so rare. Their environment affects how they eat and how their bodies deal with temperature variations. Their religion is the key detail that demonstrates how their appreciation of animals and their surroundings affect their culture. The San Bushmen are mainly a hunter gatherer people. (Smith, Malherbe, Guenther, and Berens) They are expert hunters and always appreciate the animals they kill. They speak a Khoisa language which is characterized by certain clicking sounds. (Smith, Malherbe, Guenther, and Berens) The San Bushmen have an intricate religion where they believe everything started underground. They only hunt the animals they need and gather available foods to survive in the harsh terrain of the Kalahari. The Bushmen have survived as hunter gatherers in the Kalahari Desert because they have adapted to their surroundings by alterations in their genetics that have been passed on to surviving generations, their survival in this harsh climate affected their culture because animals and water are a key part of their cultural religion, and since their resources are so scarce this changed the relationship they have with the animals of the desert and their use of food and water.
Some researchers believe the Bushmen are the ancestors of the world. Their phenotypes, their physical and observable traits, look like a mix of other peoples around their continent. (Wells, and Read) Their genotype, their cells or DNA, show a specific mutation in their genetic markers that is spread throughout Asia. Everyone’s DNA has genetic markers that make each person an individual. (Wells, and Read) The Bushmen have a specific marker that makes them distinct from other people of the world because of natural selection. Natural selection is the theory that when some mutation in genetics is positive to the life of a animal or human, other humans or animals will want to mate with that one mutated animal more than the other. The mutation would have to be positive though, because if it was negative to the animal’s life time, it would die out. This theory could be applied to the Bushmen, because they have found that through generations traits have been gained or lost for survival. This proves that genetic markers can be spread throughout Asia and even to America from one tribe in Africa, like the Bushmen. (Wells, and Read) Some researchers believe that everything started in Australia, no one is a hundred percent sure where everyone came from. There are some theories of how the Bushmen reached Australia before the...

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