The San Francisco Earthquake Of April 18, 1906.

1139 words - 5 pages

The San Francisco earthquake of April 18, 1906 ranks as one of the most significant earthquakes of all time. Today, its importance comes more from the wealth of scientific knowledge derived from it than from its sheer size. Rupturing the northernmost 430 kilometers of the San Andreas Fault from northwest of San Juan Bautista to the triple junction at Cape Mendocino, the earthquake confounded contemporary geologists with its large, horizontal displacements and great rupture length. Indeed, the significance of the fault and recognition of its large cumulative offset would not be fully appreciated until the advent of plate tectonics more than half a century later. Analysis of the 1906 displacements and strain in the surrounding crust led Reid (1910) to formulate his elastic-rebound theory of the earthquake source, which remains today the principal model of the earthquake cycle.The first shock -- at 5:12:05 a.m. -- lasted more than 40 seconds. It was by far the largest, estimated to have been 8.3 on the Richter scale. Its center was just off the coast, around Pacifica. Two of the world's largest tectonic plates, the North American and the Pacific, had lurched past each other at a distance of between nine and 21 feet along the San Andreas Fault. The temblor shook the ground and left a wake of destruction 290 miles long -- from Mendocino to Monterey Counties -- with shock waves that traveled at over 7000 miles per hour.In the city of San Francisco, it toppled chimneys and smokestacks, crumpled wood-frame houses into kindling, threw walls into the streets, and twisted steel rails and cast-iron ducts as if they were pipe cleaners. All the church bells in the city were set to clanging, as if signaling doomsday, the end of the world.It was just before dawn. People poured out of their houses into the darkened streets, some screaming in terror, most of them dressed in their nightclothes. Others were inside, panicked, unable to open the doors to their bedrooms because the quake had knocked their houses out of plumb, jamming the doorframes.The other people were not that lucky. South of Market Street, an area known as "South of the Slot," was full of shoddy, flimsily built rooming houses and transient hotels, some with five floors containing hundreds of cramped, tiny rooms. Block after block of wood-frame buildings had been built on "made ground" that was once part of the Mission Bay swamp; many of them collapsed, killing some people instantly and trapping hundreds, perhaps thousands, of others under immense piles of rubble.In the first seconds of the quake, dozens of people in various parts of the city died in their beds as brick chimneys crashed through walls and crushed them as they were waking.Within minutes, fires broke out from ruptured gas mains, wood stoves, cooking fires, toppled lanterns. No fire alarms rang. The alarm system, headquartered on Brenham Place in Chinatown, was run by wet-cell batteries stored in glass jars on shelves. Every one of the...

Find Another Essay On The San Francisco earthquake of April 18, 1906.

The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Firestorm

1621 words - 6 pages San Francisco was a very opulent city during the 19th century due to the gold rush, the city was thriving and booming and more than 400,000 people residing in this area but the dynamics of this change when at 5:12 am April 1906.1 Powerful devastation ultimately gripped California in April 1906. The Great San Francisco Earthquake is number as one the most powerful devastation in the United Sates.2 On this despondent day many lives were taken

the san francisco peaks Essay

1533 words - 6 pages days of the struggle than local Flagstaff resident John Overton, who on a hearing on April 27, 1974, after praising the new jobs the Snow Bowl would bring, completely disregarded Native efforts and actually flipped it by stating, "perhaps some of our Indian friends will welcome the opportunity to work closer to the San Francisco Peaks." This misunderstanding between the two cultures still continues today. In his decision to side against the

The History Of Mission San Francisco De Asis

1044 words - 4 pages . Many ran off to the mountains or deserts. Padres returned to Mexico and Spain. By 1841 the mission buildings were falling to pieces because of neglect. The property was restored to the church after the United States acquired California in 1846. The mission grew again in importance as a parish church in the brawling, booming gold rush city of San Francisco. Mission Dolores survived the great earthquake and fire of 1906 but the

San Francisco 1915 - Palace of Fine Arts

1406 words - 6 pages San Francisco 1915 - Palace of Fine Arts The Palace of Fine Arts was one of the finest buildings constructed for the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. It was one of the most important symbols of the fair, situated near its center, at the end of the axis on which were located the Courts of the Four Seasons and of the Universe at the center, and the Court of Abundance, with the Machinery Palace framing the other

The Liberal Studies Major at San Francisco State University

870 words - 3 pages The Liberal Studies Major at San Francisco State University classes has been inspirational for me. In Spring 2009, I began my studies with the Communication and Speech 351. The class focuses was on Political Speeches by Famous Presidents and Civil Rights Leaders about the History of America. We wrote speeches sharing a small part of your life experiences with each. The lesson I learned in Biology 318 The Endangered Planet was the destruction

The Battle of Ypres, April 1915

902 words - 4 pages It came in the year 1915 when the "New Born" Canadian Army was moved from what was their somewhat silent sector on the Western Front to the apparent space in the line in front of the town of Ypres, Belgium. On the right of the Canadians would be two British Divisions, and on the left would be a French division comprised of Algerian colonialists.It would be here, at Ypres on April 22, 1915 that the German Army would introduce crude and chaotic

Francisco Franco: The Creation of a Dictator

1972 words - 8 pages In the year 1939 the formidable General Francisco Franco rose to power during a time of government and economic struggle in Spain. He contained an ability that he began to develop and strengthen, allowing him to easily and efficiently take control of a situation, all while growing into a natural, very influential leader. His striking tactics of manipulation and articulate speech were cultivated from a young age, transformed into what would

The Battle of San Jacinto

1658 words - 7 pages Galveston. The upcoming battle near the San Jacinto River would prove to be either a victory or a defeat for the Texans in the Revolution. In April of 1934 Santa Anna ousted Gomez Faias, and took control of the Mexican government. In a year Santa Anna had voided the earlier 1824 constitution and had replaced the Mexican Congress with his own appointed officials, who would agree with Santa Anna in all of his decisions, and he had established for

The Battle of San Jacinto

3648 words - 15 pages The Battle of San Jacinto The Texas army marched all day and all night. On the morning of April 20, they reached the San Jacinto plain. Buffalo Bayou was on one side, a football field wide, and 30 feet deep—not wadeable. On the other side ran the San Jacinto River, and near the bottom of the dry land was a shallow mudhole known as Peggy's Lake. Beyond that was marshlands. And the thick forest was greatly positioned. [see battlefield

The Significance of the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

2655 words - 11 pages The Significance of the Liberal Election Victory of 1906 “A quiet, but certain, revolution, as revolutions come in a constitutional country” was how Lloyd George hailed the election victory of 1906. The significance of the Liberal election victory of 1906 is that it laid down solid foundations to provide the welfare state we have today. It also saw the rise of the Labour Party, giving the working class its own

The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

1763 words - 7 pages The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906 The Liberal election victory of 1906 was due to key issues that the Liberals manipulated to their favour whereas the exhausted Conservatives barely defended their actions. This election victory was on the back of Unionist dominance that had spanned a decade driven by three key issues: "the crown, the church and the constitution." After the Second Boer War in South

Similar Essays

The 1906 San Francisco Fire And Earthquake

1717 words - 7 pages "Just after 5 A.M. on April 18, 1906, an earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale ripped through sleeping San Francisco toppling buildings, exploding gas mains, and trapping thousands of citizens beneath tons of stone, broken wood, and twisted metal. Herds of cattle stampeded madly through the streets. The air reverberated with the panicked screams of the doomed and dying." (Kurzman)To some, the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire was

San Francisco 1906 Earthquake: Impact And Reconstruction

2032 words - 8 pages At 5:12 a.m. on April 18th, 1906, the California city of San Francisco was awoken by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake. Chaos erupted with the earthquake leading to fire break outs throughout San Francisco (Cameron and Gordon. Pgs 69-73).The earthquake and the resulting fires caused destruction to majority of the city with buildings crumbling and igniting into flames. Many people died along with thousands and thousands of people being left homeless

The San Francisco Earthquake Essay

787 words - 3 pages The San Francisco Earthquake Heavily damaged buildings in the Marina District of San Francisco Heavily damaged buildings in the Marina District of San Francisco House destroyed by Loma Prieta earthquake A house in the mountains north of Santa Cruz, California, destroyed [IMAGE] Ground view of collapsed building, Marina District Fire following earthquake…. [IMAGE] The Earthquake eyewitness

San Francisco's 1906 Earthquake Essay

2198 words - 9 pages and better buildings that attracted more business thereafter. At 5:12 in the morning of Wednesday, April 18, 1906 an earthquake struck the City of San Francisco according to seismograph records. People remembered this event as especially violent and everyone within the vicinity woke up to white dust in the air from fallen debris. As remembered by a bystander of the event, “I was awakened by a very severe shock of earthquake. The shaking was