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The Satire And Criticism In Gulliver’s Travels

2104 words - 8 pages

The Satire and Criticismin Gulliver's Travels (Part IV)学院:外国语学院专业:英语学生姓名:蒙润姣学号:20111180100The Satire and Criticism in Gulliver's Travels (Part IV)AbstractGulliver's Travles is the masterpiece of Jonathan Swift who is one of the greatest satirical writers in the 18th century British. It criticizes the reality of 18th century British society. In this novel, Swift uses abundant satire and irony to express his criticism. This paper selects the fourth part of Gulliver's Travels to analyze the satire and criticism.Key Words: Gulliver's Travels; Houyhnhnms; Yahoos; satire; human nature; social reality; reasonContentsAbstract-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------iiPart I Background Information------------------------------------------------------------1Part II Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------2Part III The Satire and Criticism in the Country of Houyhnhnms--------------------4Part IV Conclusion -------------------------------------------------------------------------9References------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10Part I Background InformationGulliver's Travels is the masterpiece of Jonathan Swift who is one of the greatest satirical writers in the 18th century British. It criticizes the reality of 18th century British society. In 18th century, because of the impacts of Glorious Revolution in 1688, and the development of Industrial Revolution and the Enlightenment, British faced many changes, such as the consolidation of bourgeoisie regime, the preparatory figuration of commercial society and the beginning of Industrial Revolution. On the one hand, science, economy, politics and the power of British developed in a high speed. On the other hand, corruption, political and religious fights led people live in a torture.In literature aspect, because of the tremendous social changes and the development of capitalism, the intensified class contradictions became the original critical realism novels, for example, Gulliver's Travels (Jonathan Swift, 1726), Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, 1719), and Pamela (Samuel Richardson, 1740). And British novels in 18th century have the following features:Describing the reality of social life, and think the social morality.Concentration on human nature, the mental life and the life value of human.Part II Introduction2.1 Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift (1667-1745) is a representative satiric novelist in the 18th century British. His notable works include The Battle of the Books (1704), A Tale of a Tub (1704), Gulliver's Travels (1726), A Modest Proposal (1729), etc.2.2 Gulliver's Travels Part IVGulliver's Travels is an excellent satirical novel written by Jonathan Swift. This novel exposes all the corruption and...

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